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Versen, Christopher R. – History Teacher, 2009
The simplest and most widely held definition of Social Darwinism is the application of concepts of biological evolution to social and moral development. More specifically, it is social evolution through "survival of the fittest" in a "struggle for existence" in which the strong prevail and the weak are defeated and disappear.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Historiography, Social Theories, Moral Development
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Kulczycki, John J. – History Teacher, 2005
Over a decade ago the newsletter of the American Historical Association "Perspectives" carried a long lead article entitled "Teaching 'Eastern Europe' without the Iron Curtain." Referring to the challenge posed by the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe to the teaching of European history, the author, Larry Wolff, saw it as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Textbooks, Historians, Western Civilization
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Kleinbaum, Abby Wettan – History Teacher, 1979
Compares basic themes in women's history and the Western civilization survey course and concludes that women's studies do not assimilate comfortably because women are not a part of the heroic epics upon which European history is based. (CK)
Descriptors: Course Content, Epics, European History, Females
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Birn, Donald S. – History Teacher, 1972
During the post war years the League of Nations Union Movement in Britain worked through the schools and converted pro-league sentiment into specific government policies. The history classroom was the focal point of the L.N.U.'s educational effort so that new generations would grow up ready to support enlightened foreign policies and the work of…
Descriptors: European History, History Instruction, International Organizations, Propaganda
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Moore, John C. – History Teacher, 1991
Recommends that teachers present the years 1000 to 1750 as the "Traditional Europe" period, rather than as a combination of several periods. Identifies shared religious, intellectual, and artistic traditions; landed aristocracy; a peasant economic base; and an urban mercantile class as the era's distinctive characteristics. (DK)
Descriptors: European History, Higher Education, History Instruction, Medieval History
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Birken, Lawrence – History Teacher, 1992
Discusses opposing tendencies in the interpretation of Western Civilization. Describes the expanded definition that includes Byzantine and Islamic cultures as heirs of the Greco-Roman cultures. Suggests that a limited definition of Western culture will facilitate a problems approach, emphasize diversity among cultures, and integrate the classical…
Descriptors: Curriculum Evaluation, European History, Higher Education, Historiography
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Cox, Marvin – History Teacher, 1991
Compares Robert Palmer's interpretation of the French Revolution with the Marxist and revisionist views. Stresses Palmer's theory that the French Revolution belongs to the same spiritual family as the American. Reports that Palmer saw the French Revolution as the climactic event in a series of similar upheavals that integrated liberal democracy…
Descriptors: Democracy, European History, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Raeff, Marc – History Teacher, 1991
Discusses influences on the development of Russian nationalism. Describes the development of an intelligentsia and its relationship with both peasants and rulers. Addresses the influence of French and German political and religious thinkers. Emphasizes that the Napoleonic wars provided both a Russian patriotic bond and exposure of Russia's elite…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Context, Ethnic Groups, European History