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Versen, Christopher R. – History Teacher, 2009
The simplest and most widely held definition of Social Darwinism is the application of concepts of biological evolution to social and moral development. More specifically, it is social evolution through "survival of the fittest" in a "struggle for existence" in which the strong prevail and the weak are defeated and disappear.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Historiography, Social Theories, Moral Development
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Harison, Casey – History Teacher, 2002
This article considers the "myths" and negative images of the French Revolution which were fashioned in the United States by examining interpretations found in nineteenth and twentieth-century American school texts. The texts are part of the Floyd Family Collection at Indiana State University, representing books used in Indiana schools,…
Descriptors: Historiography, European History, Textbooks, Conflict
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Kleinbaum, Abby Wettan – History Teacher, 1979
Compares basic themes in women's history and the Western civilization survey course and concludes that women's studies do not assimilate comfortably because women are not a part of the heroic epics upon which European history is based. (CK)
Descriptors: Course Content, Epics, European History, Females
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Spiegel, Gabrielle M. – History Teacher, 1984
It was not until the turn of the twelfth century that a debate arose in which the relative merits of poetry and prose for the expression of historical truth were weighed. Poetry was found lacking and prose acknowledged as the only proper language of historical truth in the Middle Ages. (RM)
Descriptors: European History, Historiography, Poetry, Politics
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Birken, Lawrence – History Teacher, 1992
Discusses opposing tendencies in the interpretation of Western Civilization. Describes the expanded definition that includes Byzantine and Islamic cultures as heirs of the Greco-Roman cultures. Suggests that a limited definition of Western culture will facilitate a problems approach, emphasize diversity among cultures, and integrate the classical…
Descriptors: Curriculum Evaluation, European History, Higher Education, Historiography
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Fritz, Stephen G. – History Teacher, 1990
Examines the influence of Karl Marx's writings on Adolf Hitler, and asks whether there was a causal nexus between Russian and Nazi atrocities. Uses primary sources as a method for historical comparison. Compares Hitler's writings on antisemitism with those of Marx. (NL)
Descriptors: Anti Semitism, European History, Foreign Countries, Genocide
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Daniels, Robert V. – History Teacher, 1990
Maintains the contemporary political Soviet scene poses a major intellectual challenge to Western Sovietology. Analyzes reforms of the Gorbachev era and traces the development of change and the concepts of glasnost and perestroika. Discusses recent policies, problems, and strategies. Views revolution as a prolonged process. (NL)
Descriptors: Decentralization, European History, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy
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Langlois, Claude – History Teacher, 1990
Outlines revisionist interpretations of the French Revolution that challenged the dominant historiographical tradition during the 1950s and 1960s. Distinguishes four central characteristics of revisionist works. Identifies a key split in current French Revolution historiography between reflection on nineteenth-century…
Descriptors: European History, Hermeneutics, Historiography, Intellectual History
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DuPlessis, Robert S. – History Teacher, 1988
Surveys evaluations of Immanuel Wallerstein's "The Modern World-System" by specialists in early modern history and examines Wallerstein's influence on early modern historiography. Concludes by considering some attempts to synthesize world-systems analysis with other approaches. (LS)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Economics, European History, Historiography
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Wall, Irwin M. – History Teacher, 1987
Examines the French Popular Front of 1936 as a vehicle to investigate the turbulent decade of the 1930s. Reviews current historiography and discusses various facets of Leon Blum's government, examining the interrelationship of major economic and political forces. Concludes that the French Left still faces Blum's dilemma of implementing socialism…
Descriptors: Economic Change, European History, Higher Education, Historiography
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Crapol, Edward – History Teacher, 1987
Discusses the historiography of the Cold War, identifying five points central to orthodox interpretation, another five made by revisionist historians, and four by postrevisionists on the topic. Reexamines these interpretations, probing into their implications and identifying major points of conflict. (AEM)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, European History, Historical Interpretation, Historiography
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Langdon, John W. – History Teacher, 1986
Examines studies of Fritz Fischer's works (1961 and 1969) concerning Germany's responsibility for World War I and the influence of this work upon later interpretations. Presents an integrated interpretation of the causes of the war based upon recent research findings. (RKM)
Descriptors: European History, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Historiography
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Stromberg, Roland N. – History Teacher, 1986
Analyzes previous interpretations concerning the French Revolution. Discusses several weaknesses of the Marxist views in light of recent philosophical and sociological thinking about social change. (RKM)
Descriptors: Change, Conflict, European History, Foreign Countries
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McNeill, William H. – History Teacher, 1985
Recounts the life and writings of noted U. S. historian, Carl Becker. Provides an analysis of his influence on the academic study of European history in the United States. (JDH)
Descriptors: European History, Higher Education, Historians, Historiography
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Alpern, Mildred – History Teacher, 1985
Reviews the strengths of Kenneth Cooper's updated 1984 edition of Carl Becker's MODERN HISTORY. Contends that while other high school history textbooks sell better, that Becker's text does a better job of teaching European history while helping students develop the advanced academic skills needed for higher education. (JDH)
Descriptors: European History, Historiography, History Instruction, History Textbooks
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