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Schwalbach, Jude – Heritage Foundation, 2022
During the 20th century, federally sanctioned housing "redlining" influenced the composition of neighborhoods in large cities across the country, including Washington, D.C. The term "redlining" came from the color-coded maps developed by the Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) (on which mortgage lending under the Federal…
Descriptors: Housing, Social Discrimination, Educational Opportunities, Barriers
Greene, Jay P.; Paul, James D. – Heritage Foundation, 2022
Critical race theory (CRT) and the high-profile projects pushing the radical ideology's discriminatory ideas are trying to divide Americans by skin color and pit them against each other. The cultural fissures are manifesting in education, with heated arguments about curricula and classroom activism. This "Backgrounder" estimates how…
Descriptors: School Choice, Social Problems, Culture Conflict, Critical Theory
Butcher, Jonathan; Burke, Lindsey M. – Heritage Foundation, 2021
In December 2020, the Illinois State Board of Education adopted new "Culturally Responsive Teaching and Leading Standards" that are focused on identity politics, teaching students to find bias around them, and instructing students on how to resist the "systems of oppression" in which they allegedly live. Critical Theorists…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Educational Policy, Race, Bias
Butcher, Jonathan; Burke, Lindsey M. – Heritage Foundation, 2021
In fall 2020, parents found new ways to help their children learn amid uncertain school-district plans for school re-openings. The defining feature of the new education landscape emerging from the pandemic is that many families are no longer waiting for school-district solutions, and are giving themselves permission to choose how and where their…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Choice, School Closing
Hess, Frederick M.; Burke, Lindsey M. – Heritage Foundation, 2021
In academia today, a heightened focus on issues of diversity and race has been accompanied by claims that education research, teacher preparation, and colleges of education have shortchanged these issues. It is conceivable that teacher training programs and education research can do a better job addressing race, since they educate more than…
Descriptors: Race, Ethnic Diversity, Teacher Education Programs, Social Justice
Butcher, Jonathan – Heritage Foundation, 2021
Schools are a reflection of culture and national character and should transmit these ideas through the teaching of history and government. Generally considered "civic" instruction, this subject is sorely neglected--an opinion shared by both sides of the partisan divide. A new initiative called Educating for American Democracy (EAD) wants…
Descriptors: Civics, Citizenship Education, Democracy, Teaching Methods
Burke, Lindsey M.; Schwalbach, Jude – Heritage Foundation, 2021
In the early 20th century, the federal government engaged in housing "redlining"--a practice that conditioned access to federally backed home loans on the perceived economic health of a neighborhood and used demographic factors such as race in those decisions. Understanding the history of government-sanctioned redlining policies in the…
Descriptors: Housing, Social Discrimination, Educational Opportunities, Public Schools
Gillen, Andrew – Heritage Foundation, 2021
The coronavirus pandemic has and will continue to change many aspects of life. Higher education is no exception, which raises the question of how the conservative approach to higher education should change in response to the pandemic. A conservative response to the coronavirus should include liability protection from virus-related lawsuits,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Political Attitudes, Educational Policy, Educational Change
Gonzalez, Mike; Butcher, Jonathan – Heritage Foundation, 2021
The new Biden Administration promptly reversed the Trump Administration's ban on training the federal workforce in the ideology of Critical Race Theory (CRT). CRT has its intellectual origin in Critical Theory, a philosophy based on applying Marxism to every area of life--counter to America's promise of freedom and equality under the law. CRT…
Descriptors: State Policy, Values Education, Public Schools, Critical Theory
Sailor, Angela; Burke, Lindsey M.; Segal, Anne; Kissel, Adam – Heritage Foundation, 2021
Civics education in America is in crisis, and Americans should recommit themselves to the teaching of civics in the classroom and at home. As students understand how the past connects to the present, they will come to safeguard the sanctity of the American idea and appreciate the validity and relevance of its ideals to all Americans, especially to…
Descriptors: Civics, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, United States History
Greene, Jay P.; Paul, James D. – Heritage Foundation, 2021
The promotion of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) on college campuses has become a central concern of higher education. However, high DEI staffing levels suggest that these programs are bloated relative to academic pursuits and do not contribute to reported student well-being on campus. The authors' research suggests that large DEI…
Descriptors: Diversity, Equal Education, Inclusion, Higher Education
Greene, Jay P.; Paul, James D. – Heritage Foundation, 2021
An analysis of student test-score data shows that employing a chief diversity officer (CDO) in K-12 school districts does not contribute to closing achievement gaps and is even likely to exacerbate those gaps. If CDOs are not accomplishing their stated goals, what is accomplished by creating these positions? CDOs may be best understood as…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Achievement Gap, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools
Butcher, Jonathan – Heritage Foundation, 2021
Despite claims to the contrary, K-12 educators are applying the racial prejudice of critical race theory (CRT) to school lessons. In recent months, parents and policymakers around the country have objected to CRT's mischaracterization of American history in the academic subjects of history and civics. Critical race theorists, however, have also…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Racial Bias, Critical Theory, Race
Finne, Liv – Heritage Foundation, 2020
When Governor Jay Inslee (D) closed the public and private schools of Washington State's 1.1 million students on March 13, 2020, state education leaders made several key decisions that influenced the state's attempt to deliver education services during the COVID-19 crisis. These decisions reflected the political priorities of the large, unwieldy,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, State Government
Bedrick, Jason; Ladner, Matthew – Heritage Foundation, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic upended American education, throwing schools first into an impromptu version of distance learning in the spring of 2020 followed by a summer beset by uncertainty then delayed and uneven reopenings in the fall. Parents faced tough decisions about their children's education during the pandemic. In July 2020, a poll found that…
Descriptors: Small Schools, COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Change
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