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Burtis, Eloise; Goulas, Sofoklis – Hamilton Project, 2023
In this paper, we investigate how student enrollment in public schools is different after the COVID-19 pandemic. Over the pandemic--between the 2018-19 and 2021-22 school years--about 12 percent of public elementary schools and 9 percent of middle schools experienced more than a 20 percent decline. This is a significant change from before the…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Enrollment Trends, Elementary Schools, Middle Schools
Barnes, Mitchell; Bauer, Lauren; Edelberg, Wendy; Estep, Sara; Greenstein, Robert; Macklin, Moriah – Hamilton Project, 2021
This paper examines the U.S. social insurance system, which we define broadly to include both programs supported by dedicated taxes and other federal programs that provide income support, assistance in meeting basic needs, or services to improve economic opportunity. The paper considers the social insurance system as a whole as well as its…
Descriptors: Welfare Services, Public Policy, Federal Programs, Economic Opportunities
Holzer, Harry J. – Hamilton Project, 2021
Workforce development in the United States today is spread across higher education institutions (primarily public two-year and for-profit colleges), labor market institutions, and workplaces, with public funding from a range of sources. But outcomes for students and workers are weaker than they could be, especially among disadvantaged students and…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Labor Force Development, Postsecondary Education
Davis, Elizabeth E.; Sojourner, Aaron – Hamilton Project, 2021
The core challenge our proposal seeks to address is how to ensure that every American family and child has access to high-quality, affordable early childhood care and education (ECE) services in a critical period of human development, breaking a shortage of investment in young children. America's status quo asks the most of parents when they have…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Educational Quality
Arum, Richard; Stevens, Mitchell L. – Hamilton Project, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought new urgency to chronic and interrelated educational challenges: the need to expand and equalize postsecondary access, reduce the sector's reliance on costly in-person instruction, and develop a cumulative science of adult learning. Current federal government college funding programs do not encourage schools to be…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Labor Force Development, Equal Education
Bauer, Lauren; Moss, Emily; Nunn, Ryan; Shambaugh, Jay – Hamilton Project, 2019
The labor force participation rate is a key measure of economic health. While the decline in prime-age workers' labor force participation receives much attention from policymakers, it is far outpaced by the decline in participation among younger workers. In this analysis we show how changing employment and school enrollment patterns have…
Descriptors: Employment, Time Management, Adolescents, Young Adults
Bauer, Lauren; Liu, Patrick; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore; Shamburgh, Jay – Hamilton Project, 2018
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA; 2015) requires states to broaden school accountability beyond achievement on standardized tests and high school graduation rates. In this Hamilton Project strategy paper, we articulate a framework for states as they oversee implementation of statewide accountability plans under ESSA and describe how states…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Accountability, Compliance (Legal)
Wozniak, Abigail – Hamilton Project, 2018
Geography is an important part of economic opportunity. This is increasingly true in the labor market for skilled workers. Due to monetary and nonmonetary costs of migration, college attendance is less likely for those who live farther from postsecondary institutions. The college educated have also become increasingly concentrated in larger labor…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Access to Education, Relocation, Grants
Shambaugh, Jay; Bauer, Lauren; Breitwieser, Audrey – Hamilton Project, 2018
Human capital investment is central to raising wages. This chapter describes trends in human capital investment and educational attainment. It reviews the evidence of the wage returns to educational attainment and to early childhood education, K-12 education, postsecondary education, and workforce development policies and programs. Finally, this…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Wages, Educational Attainment, Investment
Baron, E. Jason; Kantor, Shawn; Whalley, Alexander – Hamilton Project, 2018
In contrast to the observed convergence in incomes between high- and low-income areas throughout much of the 20th century, recent decades have seen an increased clustering of economic activity that has led to diverging fortunes of different places. This phenomenon has revived interest in place-based policies that seek to revitalize lagging…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Productivity, Educational Development, Educational Policy
Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore; Nunn, Ryan; Nantz, Greg – Hamilton Project, 2017
For most people, a college degree is helpful for flourishing in the labor market. College graduates earn more than workers with less education--on average, about $600,000 more over their lifetimes than workers with only a high school education. College graduates also have much lower levels of unemployment, enjoy better health, and have lower…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Majors (Students), Career Development, Education Work Relationship
Long, Bridget Terry – Hamilton Project, 2017
Women have surpassed men in college enrollment. This trend is particularly pronounced among nontraditional students, including part-time and older students--two groups that face significant challenges in higher education. For the 4.8 million college students who are parents, high-quality, reliable, and affordable child care is essential. I propose…
Descriptors: Females, College Students, Child Care, Nontraditional Students
Hamilton Project, 2017
A college degree is increasingly necessary in today's economy. Federal policy makers have attempted to encourage college attendance and degree attainment through financial aid provided to students. However, this aid has generally been unsuccessful in raising degree attainment rates, which remain quite low and have not risen for the past 20 years.…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Federal Aid, Grants, Academic Degrees
Jacobson, Louis S. – Hamilton Project, 2017
There is growing recognition that there are many career-enhancing pathways through four-year and community colleges. Nevertheless, many students leave high school without the skills needed to complete the most demanding academic pathways, nor realistic plans for completing alternative pathways that are far more likely to lead to desirable…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, College Outcomes Assessment, Low Achievement, High School Students
Gordon, Nora – Hamilton Project, 2016
Public discussion leading up to the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in December 2015 focused on the controversial testing, standards, and teacher evaluation provisions of the previous reauthorization, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB; 2002), and its…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Resource Allocation
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