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ERIC Number: EJ1408571
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2023
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2325-663X
Non-Formal Learning Programs in Nigeria and Their Potential to Close Reading Gaps for Out-of-School Children
Carla Paredes; Adrienne Barnes-Story; Stephanie Zuilkowski; Bodunrin Akinrinmade
Global Education Review, v10 n3 p46-63 2023
In this study, we examine the association between attending a Non-Formal Learning Center (NLFC) in Sokoto and Bauchi states for at least nine months and reading outcomes for out-of-school children (OOSC) who are mainstreamed into formal schooling by grade 4 (P4). We use Hierarchical Linear Modeling with data from 1,116 pupil Early Grade Reading Assessments (EGRA) and pupil surveys collected by the NEI Plus program. Overall, NFLC-mainstreamed pupils read at the same low levels as their peers who have received formal schooling, despite having had disruptions to their education. Given this evidence, policymakers should consider maintaining the NFLCs to jumpstart OOSC into school.
Mercy College New York. 555 Broadway, Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522. Tel: 914-674-7350; Fax: 914-674-7351; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: USAID
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria
Grant or Contract Numbers: AID620C1500002