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George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2016
Research on school leadership shows that principals can significantly impact student achievement by influencing classroom instruction, organizational conditions, community support and setting the teaching and learning conditions in schools. Moreover, strong principals provide a multiplier effect that enables improvement initiatives to succeed. The…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Education, Barriers, Program Evaluation
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2016
When an effective principal is at the helm of a school, students benefit. Principals play a critical role in establishing a school's climate and culture and in selecting and developing teachers, among other roles. Indeed, school leadership is second only to direct classroom teaching among school-level influences on achievement. Although there may…
Descriptors: Principals, Graduate Surveys, Administrator Effectiveness, School Administration
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2016
Research on school leadership has highlighted the impact principals have on student achievement through their influence on classroom instruction, organizational conditions, community support, and setting the teaching and learning conditions in schools. However, there is limited rigorous quantitative research on the best district policies and…
Descriptors: Principals, School Districts, School Statistics, Data
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2016
In recognition of the importance of effective school leadership, many states and districts have implemented policies and programs that aim to improve their capacity to attract and retain great principals. Too often, though, these policies and practices do not combine to form a coherent system that ensures effective leadership development. To be…
Descriptors: Principals, Talent Development, Faculty Recruitment, Career Development
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2016
Talented leaders are essential to building and sustaining successful organizations. This is especially true for schools, where principal leadership plays a major role in fostering student success. Research shows that principals are a significant school-level factor affecting student achievement, second only to classroom teachers. Like other types…
Descriptors: Teacher Competencies, Principals, Leadership Role, Academic Achievement
Brown, Cynthia G.; Miller, Raegen T. – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
The authors concentrate on financial resources available to schools, how to improve fiscal equity, and how schools can use resources in smarter ways. They explain why political progressives should assist in--and even lead--efforts to bring the idea of managing performance with measurable outcomes to public schools. The first section dwells on…
Descriptors: Educational Equity (Finance), Resource Allocation, Politics of Education, Educational Resources
Fullerton, Jon; Roza, Marguerite – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
Many state education leaders are taking a fresh look at their school finance formulas in hopes of finding ways to contain costs and get more for their dollar. That is an understandable response given that education is the largest item on most state budgets. This paper examines how current funding practices lead to inefficiencies, particularly…
Descriptors: Declining Enrollment, Educational Policy, Expenditures, Educational Finance
Goldhaber, Dan – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
This paper focuses on what research has shown about the impact of teacher quality on student achievement, the connection between quality and observable teacher characteristics and traits, and what all this might mean for teacher policy. Teacher quality is the largest factor contributing to student achievement in schools, but teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Research, Teachers, Productivity
Santangelo, Tanya; Graham, Steve – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
The ability to write effectively and use writing as a tool for learning is essential for students' success in the middle grades--and beyond. This practice guide highlights several research-based practices that can be used school-wide to help middle grades students become better writers. This paper presents four questions middle grades educators…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Intervention, Middle School Students, Writing Skills
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
Making robust and reliable information about schools accessible is one of the most powerful ways to foster engagement and promote informed decisions that will shape our communities. Though education data is frequently collected and aggregated at the state level, data is rarely synthesized across cities. This report provides comparable information…
Descriptors: School Districts, Geographic Location, Public Officials, City Government
George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
There is growing awareness among educators and policymakers that effective school leaders are critical to school success and student achievement. Many studies illustrate the important benefits of effective school leadership for teachers, pointing to the significant influence on teacher satisfaction, development, and retention. This case study…
Descriptors: School Administration, Administrator Effectiveness, Public Schools, Leadership Qualities
Costrell, Robert M. – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2015
Rising health insurance costs have been a source of fiscal distress for school districts. In this paper, I closely examine data from the National Compensation Survey (NCS) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to address a few basic questions: (1) Are district costs for teachers' health insurance higher, on average, than employer costs for…
Descriptors: Health Insurance, Costs, School Districts, Public School Teachers
Casserly, Michael; Eugene, Michael – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2014
This paper draws upon the expertise of two leading educators, Michael Casserly, director of the Council of the Great City Schools, and Michael Eugene, chief operating officer of the Orange County Public Schools in Florida. They outline a set of key performance indicators that some urban districts use to benchmark the results of their operating…
Descriptors: Performance, Educational Indicators, Urban Schools, Public Schools
Ettema, Elizabeth; Sengupta, Krishanu; Kress, Sandy – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2014
With limited resources and fiscal strain, it is more important than ever for states and school districts to use available funds for education as efficiently and productively as possible. This is even more true today in order to educate young people to a higher standard of true readiness for college or career. This paper reviews both economic and…
Descriptors: Productivity, Public Education, State Standards, Measurement Techniques
Podgursky, Michael – George W. Bush Institute, Education Reform Initiative, 2014
If a rational system of teacher compensation, aimed at recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers, were designed from scratch, it is unlikely it would bear any resemblance to the system that is currently in place. In this paper, the author takes a deep look into how the method of paying teachers evolved. He shows that compensation systems have…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Educational Change, Educational History, Teacher Effectiveness
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