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Kalil, Ariel; Ryan, Rebecca – Future of Children, 2020
In this article, developmental psychologists Ariel Kalil and Rebecca Ryan examine the relation between parenting practices and socioeconomic gaps in child outcomes. They document substantial differences between richer and poorer families, including growing gaps in parental engagement and time use. These gaps matter: the fact that children born to…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Socioeconomic Influences, Parent Child Relationship
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Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna – Future of Children, 2016
What do we know about young children with delays and disabilities, and how can we help them succeed in prekindergarten through third grade? To begin with, Kathleen Hebbeler and Donna Spiker write, identifying children with delays and disabilities to receive specialized services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act poses several…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Identification, Eligibility, Preschool Education
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Rosenbaum, Sara; Blum, Robert – Future of Children, 2015
The past century has seen vast improvements in our children's health. The infectious diseases that once killed huge numbers of children have largely been conquered. Infant mortality has also fallen markedly, although the United States lags behind other industrialized nations in this and other measures of children's health. Accidents and injuries…
Descriptors: Child Health, Communicable Diseases, Infant Mortality, Accidents
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Rauch, Stephen A.; Lanphear, Bruce P. – Future of Children, 2012
Much public attention and many resources are focused on medical research to identify risk factors and mitigate symptoms of disability for individual children. But this focus will inevitably fail to "prevent" disabilities. Stephen Rauch and Bruce Lanphear argue for a broader focus on environmental influences that put entire populations at risk.…
Descriptors: Social Attitudes, At Risk Persons, Disabilities, Zoning
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Cauffman, Elizabeth – Future of Children, 2008
Although boys engage in more delinquent and criminal acts than do girls, female delinquency is on the rise. In 1980, boys were four times as likely as girls to be arrested; today they are only twice as likely to be arrested. In this article, the author explores how the juvenile justice system is and should be responding to the adolescent female…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Females, Juvenile Justice, Criminals
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Chassin, Laurie – Future of Children, 2008
Laurie Chassin focuses on the elevated prevalence of substance use disorders among young offenders in the juvenile justice system and on efforts by the justice system to provide treatment for these disorders. She emphasizes the importance of diagnosing and treating these disorders, which are linked both with continued offending and with a broad…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Chronic Illness, Risk, Juvenile Justice
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Dickens, William T. – Future of Children, 2005
The author considers whether differences in genetic endowment may account for racial and ethnic differences in school readiness. While acknowledging an important role for genes in explaining differences "within" races, he nevertheless argues that environment explains most of the gap "between" blacks and whites, leaving little role for genetics.…
Descriptors: School Readiness, War, Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement
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Bearer, Cynthia F. – Future of Children, 1995
Presents the scientific basis for the impacts of the environment on children and describes the differences between adults and children in physical, biological, and social environments. The article highlights why children should not be treated as "little adults" in developing environmental policy. (GR)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Biology, Child Development, Child Health
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Goldman, Lynn R. – Future of Children, 1995
Presents case studies on children's exposure to pesticides, including risks through the use of the insecticide aldicarb on bananas, the home use of diazinon, and the use of interior house paint containing mercury. These cases illustrate how regulatory agencies, parents, health-care providers, and others who come into contact with children have…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Case Studies, Child Health, Environmental Influences
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Zuckerman, Barry – Future of Children, 1991
Reviews the effects of prenatal exposure to the following: (1) cigarettes; (2) alcohol; (3) heroin; (4) narcotics; (5) marijuana; and (6) cocaine. Also discussed are the effects of exposure to multiple drugs and research issues in assessing drug effects. The importance of environment in long-term outcome is emphasized. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Development, Cocaine, Congenital Impairments, Drinking
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Kronstadt, Diana – Future of Children, 1991
Reviews studies of the effects of prenatal drug exposure on child development, and reviews ideal early intervention programs. Researchers agree that prenatal drug exposure is only one of many factors that can influence a child's development. Specialized treatment programs and family support can ameliorate prenatal drug exposure effects. (SLD)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Behavior Patterns, Child Development, Congenital Impairments
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Deal, Lisa W.; Gomby, Deanna S.; Zippiroli, Lorraine; Behrman, Richard E. – Future of Children, 2000
Analyzes preventive strategies to reduce childhood injuries through education, environmental change, and enforcement of legislation and regulation, offering recommendations for steps to reduce the toll of injuries on children's lives. After discussing the magnitude, trends, and costs associated with childhood injuries and models for prevention,…
Descriptors: Accidents, Child Health, Children, Environmental Influences