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Lang, Kevin; Kahn-Lang Spitzer, Ariella – Future of Children, 2020
In this article, economists Kevin Lang and Ariella Kahn-Lang Spitzer take up the expansive issue of discrimination, examining specifically how discrimination and bias shape people's outcomes. The authors focus primarily on discrimination by race, while acknowledging that discrimination exists along many other dimensions as well, including gender,…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias, Labor Market, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
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Kalil, Ariel; Ryan, Rebecca – Future of Children, 2020
In this article, developmental psychologists Ariel Kalil and Rebecca Ryan examine the relation between parenting practices and socioeconomic gaps in child outcomes. They document substantial differences between richer and poorer families, including growing gaps in parental engagement and time use. These gaps matter: the fact that children born to…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Socioeconomic Influences, Parent Child Relationship
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Hungerman, Daniel – Future of Children, 2020
Religious institutions can provide spiritual guidance and hope, a sense of belonging, and material support during periods of hardship. Daniel Hungerman reviews the evidence on the roles that religious institutions play in individuals' lives and how engagement with those institutions shapes individuals' economic wellbeing. First, he describes…
Descriptors: Religious Cultural Groups, Churches, Religious Organizations, Economic Factors
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Wasserman, Melanie – Future of Children, 2020
In this article, Melanie Wasserman reviews the latest evidence about the causal link between family structure and children's economic and social outcomes. Going beyond the question of whether family structure affects child outcomes--a topic that's already been covered at length, including in previous Future of Children volumes--she examines how…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Well Being, Children, Child Development
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Destin, Mesmin – Future of Children, 2020
Beliefs about socioeconomic mobility have important consequences, writes Mesmin Destin, especially for young people. Moreover, research by psychologists shows that such beliefs are malleable, based on the information and circumstances people encounter. The consequences of beliefs about mobility can be quite positive. When young people perceive…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Social Mobility, Barriers, Social Bias
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Dahl, Gordon B. – Future of Children, 2020
People don't base decisions about their economic life solely on their own individually formed ideas and preferences. Rather, they're influenced by the experiences of their peers and by social group norms. Gordon Dahl reviews the various ways family and neighborhood peer groups influence decisions to participate in the workforce and in government…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Neighborhoods
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Kearney, Melissa S.; Levine, Phillip B. – Future of Children, 2020
Children from low-income backgrounds are less likely to have economically successful role models and mentors in their own families and neighborhoods, and are more likely to spend time with media. In this article, Melissa Kearney and Phillip Levine review the theoretical and empirical evidence on how these external forces can influence children's…
Descriptors: Role Models, Mentors, Mass Media Effects, Child Development
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Hellerstein, Judith K.; Neumark, David – Future of Children, 2020
Scholars and policy makers alike are increasingly interested in understanding how social capital shapes people's economic lives. But the idea of social capital is an amorphous one. In this article, economists Judy Hellerstein and David Neumark define social capital as networks of relationships among people who are connected by where they live or…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Networks, Well Being, Labor Market
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Prinz, Ronald J. – Future of Children, 2019
Adverse parenting practices, including child maltreatment, interfere with children's adjustment and life outcomes. In this article, Ronald Prinz describes the Triple P--Positive Parenting Program, designed to improve parenting population-wide. Prinz offers four main reasons to take a population approach. First, official records grossly…
Descriptors: Parenting Skills, Child Rearing, Parent Education, Holistic Approach
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Daro, Deborah – Future of Children, 2019
In the United States, two approaches have developed to exercise collective influence on how parents raise their children. One is mandatory public intervention in families who have placed their children at risk, exemplified by the child welfare system. The other is voluntary offers of assistance, for example, child abuse prevention services that…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Child Welfare, At Risk Persons, Family Programs
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Valado, Trenna; Tracey, Jennifer; Goldfinger, Jonathan; Briggs, Rahil – Future of Children, 2019
In this article, Trenna Valado, Jennifer Tracey, Jonathan Goldfinger, and Rahil Briggs highlight the potential to expand the promise of pediatric care to encompass the full array of child and family needs that can affect the long-term wellbeing of infants and toddlers. Pediatric care is not stigmatized, nearly universally accessed, and oriented…
Descriptors: Pediatrics, Child Welfare, Infants, Toddlers
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Kilburn, M. Rebecca; Cannon, Jill S. – Future of Children, 2019
In this article, M. Rebecca Kilburn and Jill S. Cannon report on First Born, a targeted universal home visiting program operating in over half of New Mexico counties. Created in a small town in response to a lack of support for pregnant women and new parents, First Born adapts features of other home visiting programs, responding to conditions…
Descriptors: Home Visits, Parents, Family Programs, Parent Education
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Altmayer, Christina; Andrade DuBransky, Barbara – Future of Children, 2019
Los Angeles County's experience, write Christina Altmayer and Barbara Andrade DuBransky, shows how a universal offer of assistance can establish a foundation on which public and private agencies can plan meaningful systemic reform--and spark incentives for greater, more effective investments in services directed to vulnerable families. The…
Descriptors: Home Visits, Parents, Parent Education, Partnerships in Education
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Goodman, W. Benjamin – Future of Children, 2019
How do we screen all families in a population at a single time point, identify family-specific risks, and connect each family with evidence-based community resources that can help them overcome those risks--an approach known as targeted universalism? In this article, Kenneth A. Dodge and W. Benjamin Goodman describe Family Connects, a program…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Family Programs, Birth, Home Visits
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Testa, Mark; Woodruff, Kristen; Bess, Roseana; Milner, Jerry; Woolverton, Maria – Future of Children, 2019
About one-fifth of children involved in investigations for abuse or neglect are placed in foster care. Although some return to their families quickly, others may remain in foster care for years without permanent family relationships. In this article, Mark Testa, Kristen Woodruff, Roseana Bess, Jerry Milner, and Maria Woolverton examine the…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare, Foster Care
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