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Phelps, Michelle S. – Future of Children, 2018
The United States' high incarceration rate gets a lot of attention from scholars, policy makers, and the public. Yet the most common form of criminal justice supervision is not imprisonment but probation--and that is just as true for juveniles as for adults. Probation was originally promoted as an alternative to imprisonment that would spare…
Descriptors: Crime, Juvenile Justice, Delinquency, Institutionalized Persons
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Yi, Youngmin; Wildeman, Christopher – Future of Children, 2018
Children who experience foster care, write Youngmin Yi and Christopher Wildeman, are considerably more likely than others to have contact with the criminal justice system, both during childhood and as adults. And because children of color disproportionately experience foster care, improvements to the foster care system could reduce racial/ethnic…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Intervention, Juvenile Justice, Child Welfare
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Brunson, Rod K.; Pegram, Kashea – Future of Children, 2018
Young people's encounters with the criminal justice system generally begin with the police. Officers' decisions about how to handle these encounters are affected by their on-the-spot assessments of young people's proclivity for delinquency, prospects for rehabilitation, and overall moral character. And because most police-citizen interactions…
Descriptors: Police, Delinquency, Decision Making, Racial Bias
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Copp, Jennifer E.; Bales, William D. – Future of Children, 2018
Over the past three decades, the number of people housed in local jails has more than tripled. Yet when it comes to reforming the nation's incarceration policies, write Jennifer Copp and William Bales, researchers, policymakers, and the public alike have focused almost exclusively on state and federal prisons. If you took a snapshot on a single…
Descriptors: Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Facilities Management, Individual Characteristics
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Turney, Kristin; Goodsell, Rebecca – Future of Children, 2018
A half century ago, relatively few US children experienced the incarceration of a parent. In the decades since, incarceration rates rose rapidly (before leveling off more recently), and today a historically unprecedented number of children are exposed to parental incarceration. In this article, Kristin Turney and Rebecca Goodsell review the…
Descriptors: Parents, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Children
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Schlesinger, Traci – Future of Children, 2018
In the context of juvenile justice, writes Traci Schlesinger, "diversion" can mean two things. Informal diversion includes police officers' decisions to warn and release, probation officers' decisions not to report violations, prosecutors' decisions not to prosecute, and judges' decisions to dismiss cases. Informal diversion sends youth…
Descriptors: Juvenile Justice, Racial Bias, Ethnicity, Disproportionate Representation
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Hirschfield, Paul J. – Future of Children, 2018
Children's school experiences may contribute in many ways to disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system, writes Paul Hirschfield. For example, research shows that black students who violate school rules are more often subject to out-of-school suspensions, which heighten their risk of arrest and increase the odds that once…
Descriptors: School Role, Juvenile Justice, Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students
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Gregory, Anne; Fergus, Edward – Future of Children, 2017
Beginning as early as preschool, race and gender are intertwined with the way US schools mete out discipline. In particular, black students and male students are much more likely than others to be suspended or expelled--punishments that we know can hold them back academically. These disparities, and the damage they can cause, have driven recent…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Equal Education, Discipline Policy
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McKown, Clark – Future of Children, 2017
In the push to boost young people's social and emotional learning (SEL), assessment has lagged behind policy and practice. We have few usable, feasible, and scalable tools to assess children's SEL. And without good assessments, teachers, administrators, parents, and policymakers can't get the data they need to make informed decisions about SEL.…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Evaluation Methods, Definitions
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Jones, Stephanie M.; Barnes, Sophie P.; Bailey, Rebecca; Doolittle, Emily J. – Future of Children, 2017
There's a strong case for making social and emotional learning (SEL) skills and competencies a central feature of elementary school. Children who master SEL skills get along better with others, do better in school, and have more successful careers and better mental and physical health as adults. Evidence from the most rigorous studies of…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Competence, Elementary School Students
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Greenberg, Mark T.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Weissberg, Roger P.; Durlak, Joseph A. – Future of Children, 2017
Evidence-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs, when implemented effectively, lead to measurable and potentially long-lasting improvements in many areas of children's lives. In the short term, SEL programs can enhance children's confidence in themselves; increase their engagement in school, along with their test scores and grades; and…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Public Health, Evidence Based Practice
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Schonert-Reichl, Kimberly A. – Future of Children, 2017
Teachers are the engine that drives social and emotional learning (SEL) programs and practices in schools and classrooms, and their own social-emotional competence and wellbeing strongly influence their students. But when teachers poorly manage the social and emotional demands of teaching, students' academic achievement and behavior both suffer.…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Well Being, Teacher Competencies
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Yeager, David S. – Future of Children, 2017
Adolescents may especially need social and emotional help. They are learning how to handle new demands in school and social life while dealing with new, intense emotions (both positive and negative), and they are increasingly feeling that they should do so without adult guidance. Social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are one way to help…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Adolescents, Adolescent Development
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Hurd, Noelle; Deutsch, Nancy – Future of Children, 2017
After-school programs offer young people opportunities for self-expression, exploring their talents, and forming relationships with supportive adults. That is, after-school programs promote young people's social and emotional learning (SEL) skills--whether the programs use that term or not. Despite these programs' potential, Noelle Hurd and Nancy…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, After School Programs, Educational Policy
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McClelland, Megan M.; Tominey, Shauna L.; Schmitt, Sara A.; Duncan, Robert – Future of Children, 2017
Young children who enter school without sufficient social and emotional learning (SEL) skills may have a hard time learning. Yet early childhood educators say they do not get enough training to effectively help children develop such skills. In this article, Megan McClelland, Shauna Tominey, Sara Schmitt, and Robert Duncan examine the theory and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Best Practices, Social Development
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