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Showing 1 to 15 of 110 results Save | Export
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Hornstra, Lisette; Kamsteeg, Antoinette; Pot, Sara; Verheij, Lydia – Frontline Learning Research, 2018
Abundant research in social psychology shows human behaviour is guided by beliefs through two pathways, a deliberate and automatic pathway. Research on student motivation has thus far focused mostly on the deliberate pathway and consequently almost exclusively relied on explicit measures (i.e. self-reports of motivation) to assess student…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Secondary School Students, Association Measures, Student Behavior
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Roland, Nathalie; Mierop, Adrien; Frenay, Mariane; Corneille, Olivier – Frontline Learning Research, 2018
Ajzen and Dasgupta (2015) recently invited complementing Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) measures with measures borrowed from implicit cognition research. In this study, we examined for the first time such combination, and we did so to predict academic persistence. Specifically, 169 first-year college students answered a TPB questionnaire and…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Predictor Variables, Intention, Behavior
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Soto, Christian; Gutierrez de Blume, Antonio P.; Asún, Rodrigo; Jacovina, Matthew; Vásquez, Claudio – Frontline Learning Research, 2018
The purpose of this research endeavor was to develop and validate a new measurement tool predicated on previous research to assess learners' metacomprehension during reading. In two separate studies with Chilean undergraduate students (N = 923), we demonstrate the versatility and utility of our proposed Metacomprehension Inventory (MI). In Study…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Factor Structure, Correlation
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Warner, Greta J.; Fay, Doris; Spörer, Nadine – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Reading comprehension is a self-regulated activity that depends on the proactive effort of the reader. Therefore, the authors studied the effects of personal initiative (PI) on the development of reading comprehension, mediated by reading strategy knowledge. Structural equation modelling was applied to a longitudinal study with two data waves…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension, Reading Motivation, Structural Equation Models
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Chorney, Sean – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
This paper proposes a philosophical approach to the mathematical engagement involving students and a digital tool. This philosophical proposal aligns with other theories of learning that have been implemented in mathematics education but rearticulates some metaphors so as to promote insight and ideas to further support continued investigations…
Descriptors: Mathematical Concepts, Mathematics Education, Technology Uses in Education, Secondary School Mathematics
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Schwaighofer, Matthias; Bühner, Markus; Fischer, Frank – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Executive functions are crucial for complex learning in addition to prior knowledge. In this article, we argue that executive functions can moderate the effectiveness of instructional approaches that vary with respect to the demand on these functions. In addition, we suggest that engagement in complex activity contexts rather than specific…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Learning Processes, Instructional Effectiveness, Cognitive Ability
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher; Sodian, Beate – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
The reluctance of children to revise their prior beliefs is a prominent phenomenon in the reasoning literature. One way to facilitate belief change is offering explanations, and this study examined whether highlighting (counter) evidence with diagrams leads to belief revision to the same extent. Altogether 134 preschoolers and second-graders (5-…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Beliefs, Evidence, Preschool Children
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Meredith, Chloé; Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Struyve, Charlotte; Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Gielen, Sarah; Kyndt, Eva – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Research on teacher collaboration underlines the importance of a collaborative culture for teachers' functioning. However, while scholars usually regard collaborative culture as a school team characteristic, this study argues that subgroups may be more meaningful units of analysis to conceptualize and assess teachers' perceptions of collaborative…
Descriptors: Secondary Schools, Cooperation, School Culture, Teacher Collaboration
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van de Wiel, Margje W. J. – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
To understand expertise and expertise development, interactions between knowledge, cognitive processing and task characteristics must be examined in people at different levels of training, experience, and performance. Interviewing is widely used in the initial exploration of domain expertise. Work and cognitive task analysis chart the knowledge,…
Descriptors: Expertise, Cognitive Processes, Task Analysis, Learning Processes
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Fox, Sharon E.; Faulkner-Jones, Beverly E. – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Eye-tracking is the measurement of eye motions and point of gaze of a viewer. Advances in this technology have been essential to our understanding of many forms of visual learning, including the development of visual expertise. In recent years, these studies have been extended to the medical professions, where eye-tracking technology has helped us…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Visual Acuity, Expertise, Medicine
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Ivarsson, Jonas – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
This study looks at the practice of thoracic radiology and follows a group of radiologists and radiophysicists in their efforts to find, discuss, and formulate issues or troubles ensuing the implementation of a new radiographic imaging technology. Based in the theoretical tradition of ethnomethodology it examines the local endogenous practices…
Descriptors: Visual Acuity, Expertise, Human Body, Radiology
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Williams, A. Mark; Fawver, Bradley; Hodges, Nicola J. – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
The expert performance approach, initially proposed by Ericsson and Smith (1991), is reviewed as a systematic framework for the study of "expert" learning. The need to develop representative tasks to capture learning is discussed, as is the need to employ process-tracing measures during acquisition to examine what actually changes during…
Descriptors: Expertise, Performance, Individual Differences, Learning Processes
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Litchfield, Damien; Donovan, Tim – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
How we make sense of what we see and where best to look is shaped by our experience, our current task goals and how we first perceive our environment. An established way of demonstrating these factors work together is to study how eye movement patterns change as a function of expertise and to observe how experts can solve complex tasks after only…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Medicine, Expertise, Novices
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Krupinski, Elizabeth A. – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Visual expertise covers a broad range of types of studies and methodologies. Many studies incorporate some measure(s) of observer performance or how well participants perform on a given task. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis is a method commonly used in signal detection tasks (i.e., those in which the observer must decide whether…
Descriptors: Expertise, Performance, Evaluation Methods, Research Methodology
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Szulewski, Adam; Kelton, Danielle; Howes, Daniel – Frontline Learning Research, 2017
Background: Pupillometry has been studied as a physiological marker for quantifying cognitive load since the early 1960s. It has been established that small changes in pupillary size can provide an index of the cognitive load of an individual as he/she performs a mental task. The utility of pupillometry as a measure of expertise is less well…
Descriptors: Expertise, Medicine, Eye Movements, Diagnostic Tests
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