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Qi, Cathy H.; Barton, Erin E.; Collier, Margo; Lin, Yi-Ling; Montoya, Charisse – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize 22 single-case research design (SCRD) studies on social stories intervention for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We used the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) SCRD standards to analyze study rigor and evidence of a causal relation. We calculated four nonoverlap indices to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Research Design, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Leaf, Justin B.; Leaf, Ronald; Leaf, Jeremy A.; Alcalay, Aditt; Ravid, Daniel; Dale, Stephanie; Kassardjian, Alyne; Tsuji, Kathleen; Taubman, Mitchell; McEachin, John; Oppenheim-Leaf, Misty L. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Today, the use of formal preference assessments, including paired-stimulus preference assessments, is widely utilized to help determine which items to use as reinforcers during intervention. A second way to determine potential reinforcers is to analyze multiple dimensions of a stimulus in the moment, a procedure known as in-the-moment reinforcer…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Preferences, Reinforcement, Stimuli
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Lorah, Elizabeth R. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
There has been an increased interest in research evaluating the use of handheld computing technology as speech-generating devices (SGD) for children with autism. However, given the reliance on single-subject research methodology, replications of these investigations are necessary. This study presents a replication with variation, of a method for…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Handheld Devices, Child Behavior
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Swerdan, Matthew G.; Rosales, Rocío – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
An adapted alternating treatments design was used to compare the efficacy of echoic and textual prompts to teach three students with autism (ages 8-15) to ask questions related to two pre-selected topics of conversation. Participants were first required to answer questions related to the topics to determine whether accurate responses were within…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Elementary School Students
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Oswald, Donald P.; Haworth, Shannon M.; Mackenzie, Bernadette K.; Willis, Janet H. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Parents report that the process of getting an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis is arduous, lengthy, and fraught with difficulties. This analysis of the Pathways survey data set examined the experiences of parents who said, at the time of the survey, that their child currently had ASD compared with parents who said, at the time of the…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Comparative Analysis, Developmental Disabilities
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Britton, Nicole Scott; Collins, Belva C.; Ault, Melinda Jones; Bausch, Margaret E. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Within the context of a multiple baseline design, the researchers in this investigation used a constant time delay (CTD) procedure to teach two classroom support personnel (i.e., paraprofessional, peer tutor) to use a simultaneous prompting (SP) procedure when teaching a high school student with a moderate intellectual disability to (a) identify…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Time Factors (Learning), Prompting, High School Students
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Wei, Xin; Yu, Jennifer W.; Shattuck, Paul; Blackorby, Jose – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Previous studies suggest that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely than other disability groups and the general population to gravitate toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. However, the field knows little about which factors influence the STEM pipeline between high school and…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Prior Learning
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Shawler, Paul M.; Sullivan, Maureen A. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
The current study investigated the parent-child relationship by examining associations between parent stress, parental discipline strategies, child disruptive behavior problems, and level of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms. A sample of 130 parents of children with ASD ages 3 to 11 years participated. Parents reported high levels of parent…
Descriptors: Parents, Stress Variables, Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship
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Chou, Yu-Chi; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Palmer, Susan B.; Lee, Jaehoon – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
This study examined differences in self-determination among students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), students with intellectual disability (ID), and students with learning disabilities (LD). A total of 222 participants with an equal size group for each of the three disability categories were selected to participate in the comparison of total…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Self Determination, Autism, Intellectual Disability
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Walker, Virginia L.; Snell, Martha E. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of workshops and coaching on paraprofessional implementation of function-based interventions. The results of indirect and direct functional behavior assessment guided the development of intervention strategies for three students with autism and intellectual disability. Following intervention,…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Positive Behavior Supports
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Feng, Hua; Chou, Wan-Chi; Lee, Gabrielle T. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
This study investigated the effects of tact prompts on the acquisition and retention of divergent intraverbal responding to categorical questions involving conditional discriminations. A 6-year-old boy with autism participated in the study. A multiple probe design across behaviors was used. A tact-prompt procedure was implemented. The results…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stimuli, Responses
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Sofronoff, Kate; Silva, Jenni; Beaumont, Renae – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
This study evaluated a parent-delivered social and emotional skills intervention--the Secret Agent Society (SAS) for children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (HF-ASD). The study was a pre-post follow-up design with an 8-week baseline period and 6-week follow-up period. Participants were 38 parents and 41 children recruited from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Development
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Fletcher-Watson, S.; McConachie, H. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Evidence is accumulating that early intervention can be effective in improving the skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder. However, the science is hampered by the lack of agreed "gold standard" tools for the measurement of progress and outcome. What is required is a reliable, valid, and sensitive measure of change in the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Early Intervention
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Yakubova, Gulnoza; Taber-Doughty, Teresa – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
The effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to improve the problem-solving performance of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) during vocational tasks was examined. A multiple-probe across-students design was used to illustrate the effectiveness of point-of-view video modeling paired with practice sessions and a self-operated cue…
Descriptors: Intervention, Problem Solving, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Brady, Danielle I.; Saklofske, Donald H.; Schwean, Vicki L.; Montgomery, Janine M.; Thorne, Keoma J.; McCrimmon, Adam W. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Researchers have proposed that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized, at least in part, by executive function (EF) difficulties associated with the integrity of the frontal lobe. Given the paucity of research regarding EFs in young adults with high functioning ASD (HF-ASD), this research involves an examination of various indices of EF…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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