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Mariage, Troy V.; Englert, Carol Sue; Plavnick, Joshua B. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can effectively decode and read words fluently, but have significantly below-average understanding of text. Following written directions may hold unique potential as it requires a reader to convert a written text into a goal-directed and observable performance. The present data-based case study…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reading Comprehension, Written Language
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Kelly, M. P.; Reed, P. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
"Stimulus over-selectivity" describes a phenomenon in which an individual responds only to a subset of the stimuli present in the environment and, thus, may restrict learning. This study aimed to develop understanding of the nature and role of over-selectivity in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by analyzing the relationship of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Cognitive Processes
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Qian, Xueqin; Johnson, David; Papay, Clare – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Prior research has demonstrated that paid work experience while in school is a predictor of postschool employment outcomes for youth with disabilities. For youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), early paid work experience in high school can provide a place to learn occupational skills as well as develop communication, problem solving and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Student Employment, High School Students, Autism
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Ratliff-Black, Marie; Therrien, William – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Parent-mediated interventions (PMIs) are commonly used with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their effectiveness for young children has been documented. However, no reviews have examined the use of PMIs with older children with ASD. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to investigate the state of the literature regarding PMIs…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention, Parent Role
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Beverly, Brenda L.; Mathews, L. Amanda – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Many speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are underprepared to serve children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), despite a growing need and increased expectation for ASD expertise. To understand this practice gap, 60 SLPs and 26 parents of children with ASDs were surveyed regarding SLP knowledge and competency. Of concern was that only about…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Speech Language Pathology, Children
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Shurr, Jordan; Bouck, Emily C.; Bassette, Laura; Park, Jiyoon – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Basic mathematic skills at the early age are foundational for later learning. Many students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) struggle in academic learning without sufficient support. Research in the area of concrete manipulatives--tangible representations of abstract concepts--has been found effective. In addition, promising research has…
Descriptors: Manipulative Materials, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness
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Radley, Keith C.; Helbig, Kate A.; Schrieber, Stefanie R.; Ware, Mary E.; Dart, Evan H. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
A substantial number of multicomponent interventions have been developed to address social functioning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). For multicomponent interventions, identifying critical elements of the intervention related to behavior change is critical and may potentially improve the social validity of interventions. Such…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Video Technology, Teaching Methods, Autism
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Nepo, Kaori; Tincani, Matt; Axelrod, Saul – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2021
The use of mobile devices has become a major medium of leisure engagement for the general population. However, individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience disparities in technology access, which may limit their engagement in mobile device-based leisure. Little research has examined procedures for teaching individuals with ID to…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Visual Aids, Scheduling, Adults
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Brock, Matthew E.; Barczak, Mary A.; Dueker, Scott A. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Coaching with live observation and immediate performance feedback is an effective means to train paraprofessionals, but might not always be feasible. We used a multiple baseline across participants design with six paraprofessionals who taught elementary students with severe disabilities to test the efficacy of two innovations designed to improve…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Video Technology, Evidence Based Practice, Paraprofessional School Personnel
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Schmid, Lorrie; DeMoss, Lauren; Scarbrough, Paige; Ripple, Carol; White, Yasmine; Dawson, Geraldine – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have marked deficits in social communication skills, which can challenge their ability to participate in academic and social activities. Music therapy is a popular intervention for children with ASD, and although research evidence supporting its effectiveness is growing, methodological flaws limit…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Music Therapy, Children
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Safer-Lichtenstein, Jonathan; McIntyre, Laura Lee – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Rates of children identified as having autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continue to increase in both medical and school settings. While procedures for providing a medical diagnosis are relatively consistent throughout the United States, the process for determining special education eligibility under an ASD classification varies by state, with many…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability), Children
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Hurwitz, Sarah; Decker, Janet R.; Linder, Ilana L. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
In 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court provided a ruling regarding what constitutes an appropriate education for students with disabilities in "Endrew v. Douglas County." The case concerned a student with autism, and we use it to offer schools and families autism-related recommendations for practice and policy. We analyze the legal history of…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Students with Disabilities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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McKeithan, Glennda K.; Sabornie, Edward J. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
The number of secondary-level students with high-functioning autism (HFA) served in public school settings has increased in recent years, and many of these students have difficulty with social-behavioral expectations in such settings. Instructional specialists must know which interventions have been shown to be effective, so they can make informed…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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McDonnell, John; Jameson, J. Matt; Bowman, Jessica A.; Coleman, Olivia; Ryan, Joanna; Eichelberger, Carrie; Conradi, Lyndsey – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
One concern raised about teaching content from the general education curriculum to students with intellectual and developmental disabilities is whether they generalize the skills learned to typical performance settings. We conducted a literature review of research studies that taught content from the general education curriculum and assessed…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Generalization, Core Curriculum
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Curiel, Emily S. L.; Axe, Judah B.; Sainato, Diane M.; Goldstein, Howard – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Matrix training is an intervention that systematically programs for the occurrence of generative outcomes, mostly in the area of language. A literature search identified studies that evaluated matrix training with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Based on 12 reviewed studies, we asked questions regarding participant…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention, Teaching Methods
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