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Abbot-Smith, Kirsten; Schulze, Cornelia; Anagnostopoulou, Nefeli; Zajaczkowska, Maria; Matthews, Danielle – First Language, 2022
If a child asks a friend to play football and the friend replies, 'I have a cough', the requesting child must make a 'relevance inference' to determine the communicative intent. Relevance inferencing is a key component of pragmatics, that is, the ability to integrate social context into language interpretation and use. We tested which cognitive…
Descriptors: Young Children, Articulation (Speech), English, Thinking Skills
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Zhang, Xiaowen; Zhou, Peng – First Language, 2022
It has been well-documented that although children around 4 years start to attribute false beliefs to others in classic false-belief tasks, they are still less able to evaluate the truth-value of propositional belief-reporting sentences, especially when belief conflicts with reality. This article investigates whether linguistic cues, verb…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Beliefs, Task Analysis, Sentences
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Rantalainen, Katariina; Paavola-Ruotsalainen, Leila; Kunnari, Sari – First Language, 2022
This study investigated responsive and directive speech from 60 Finnish mothers to their 2-year-old children, as well as correlations with concurrent and later vocabulary. Possible gender differences with regard to both maternal speech and children's vocabulary skills were considered. There were no gender differences in maternal utterance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mothers, Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship
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Levy-Forsythe, Zarina; Hacohen, Aviya – First Language, 2022
Much crosslinguistic acquisition research explores finiteness marking in typical development and Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Research into Russian, however, has focused on typical acquisition, not SLI. This article presents a first attempt to investigate finiteness marking in monolingual Russian-speaking children with SLI. We test two…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Language Impairments, Russian, Predictor Variables
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Stoehr, Antje; Benders, Titia; van Hell, Janet G.; Fikkert, Paula – First Language, 2022
Dutch and German employ voicing contrasts, but Dutch lacks the 'voiced' dorsal plosive /g/. We exploited this accidental phonological gap, measuring the presence of prevoicing and voice onset time durations during speech production to determine (1) whether preliterate bilingual Dutch-German and monolingual Dutch-speaking children aged 3;6-6;0…
Descriptors: German, Indo European Languages, Phonology, Contrastive Linguistics
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Faes, Jolien; Gillis, Joris; Gillis, Steven – First Language, 2022
Auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) is a recent innovation in pediatric hearing restoration in children with a sensorineural hearing impairment. Only limited information is available on the spontaneous speech development of severe-to-profound congenitally hearing-impaired children who received an ABI. The purpose of this study was to investigate…
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Hearing Impairments, Deafness, Speech Communication
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Kayama, Yuhko; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko – First Language, 2022
The present study investigated the role of morphosyntactic information in the acquisition of transitive and intransitive verb argument structures (VAS) in the Japanese language, which allows massive omissions of arguments and case markers. In particular, we investigated how the 'variation sets' proposed by Küntay and Slobin work in Japanese.…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Japanese, Verbs, Language Acquisition
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Lindgren, Josefin; Reichardt, Valerie; Bohnacker, Ute – First Language, 2022
Closely related Swedish and German both mark information status of referents morphologically, though little is known about its acquisition. This study investigates character introductions in the narratives of 4- and 6-year-old Swedish-German bilinguals (N = 40) in both languages, elicited with MAIN "Cat/Dog." We analyse effects of age…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Nouns, Phrase Structure, Form Classes (Languages)
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Otwinowska, Agnieszka; Opacki, Marcin; Mieszkowska, Karolina; Bialecka-Pikul, Marta; Wodniecka, Zofia; Haman, Ewa – First Language, 2022
Polish and English differ in the surface realization of the underlying Determiner Phrase (DP): Polish lacks an article system, whereas English makes use of articles for both grammatical and pragmatic reasons. This difference has an impact on how referentiality is rendered in both languages. In this article, the authors investigate the use of…
Descriptors: Polish, English (Second Language), Bilingualism, Transfer of Training
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Andreou, Maria; Peristeri, Eleni; Tsimpli, Ianthi Maria – First Language, 2022
Although a considerable number of studies have shown D(eterminer) elements, i.e. determiners and pronominal clitics, to be particularly vulnerable to impairment in monolingual children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD), little is known about the use of appropriate or/and grammatically correct referring expressions in the children's…
Descriptors: Greek, Russian, Indo European Languages, Form Classes (Languages)
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Hržica, Gordana; Kuvac Kraljevic, Jelena – First Language, 2022
During narration, speakers constantly choose appropriate referential forms (nominals or pronominals). Children may engage in this reference marking differently than adults. Discourse- or listener-oriented approaches make different predictions about referential behaviour in cognitively demanding situations: the first predicts a higher number of…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Serbocroatian, Narration, Story Telling
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Fichman, Sveta; Walters, Joel; Melamed, Ravit; Altman, Carmit – First Language, 2022
This research analyzed adequacy of referential expressions in the narratives of bilingual and monolingual children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) and typical language development (TLD), aiming to shed light on the relative contribution of morpho-syntactic, discourse-pragmatic, and semantic constraints. Narratives were collected from 51…
Descriptors: Russian, Semitic Languages, Preschool Children, Story Telling
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De Cat, Cécile – First Language, 2022
The development of the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN) has no doubt contributed to prompting a renewed interest in children's narratives. This carefully controlled test of narrative abilities elicits a rich set of measures spanning multiple linguistic domains and their interaction, including lexis, morphosyntax,…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Narration, Measurement Techniques, Morphology (Languages)
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Read, Kirsten; Rogojina, Alena; Hauer-Richard, Olivia – First Language, 2022
There is robust evidence that reading aloud with young children can help them learn new vocabulary. Building upon prior research, this study tested the effects of "both" book text features "and" readers' spontaneous extra-textual word-highlighting strategies on 3- to 4-year-olds' vocabulary retention from repeated read alouds…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Reading Aloud to Others
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Ying, Yuanfan; Yang, Xiaolu; Shi, Rushen – First Language, 2022
Previous studies show that infants store functional morphemes for inferring syntactic categories of adjacent words, and they generally perform better with nouns than with verbs. In this study, we tested whether toddlers can exploit phrasal groupings for syntactic categorization in the face of noisy co-occurrence patterns. Using a visual fixation…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Toddlers, Language Acquisition, Inferences
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