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Showing 1 to 15 of 196 results Save | Export
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Leonard, Laurence B. – First Language, 2019
There is growing evidence that the grammatical errors reflected in the speech of young children are often related to the nature of the input in the ambient language. Although theoretical frameworks differ in the degree to which input plays a role, there is acknowledgment that children require more input than previously assumed to resolve apparent…
Descriptors: Syntax, Morphemes, Children, Language Impairments
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Kedar, Yarden – First Language, 2019
This longitudinal case study followed a Hebrew-speaking child acquiring L2-English, focusing on her production of articles. Although the child had already developed significant aspects of the Hebrew determiner system, her acquisition of English followed a typical developmental route for first language acquisition: single words; telegraphic speech;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, Semitic Languages, English (Second Language)
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Ninio, Anat – First Language, 2019
In children acquiring various languages, the early mastery of determiners strongly predicts syntactic development. What makes determiners important is not yet clear as there is a linguistic controversy regarding their syntactic behaviour. Some consider determiners to be similar to adjectives and to modify common nouns, while others consider the…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, English, Nouns
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Dye, Cristina; Kedar, Yarden; Lust, Barbara – First Language, 2019
Scholars of language development have long been challenged to understand the development of functional categories. Traditionally, it was assumed that children's language development initially relies on lexical elements, while functional elements become accessible only at later periods; and that it is lexical growth which bootstraps grammatical…
Descriptors: Child Language, Nouns, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages)
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Demuth, Katherine – First Language, 2019
It has long been known that children may use a particular grammatical morpheme inconsistently at early stages of acquisition. Although this has often been thought to be evidence of incomplete syntactic representations, there is now a large body of crosslinguistic evidence showing that much of this early within-speaker variability is due to still…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Child Language, Grammar, Morphemes
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Szagun, Gisela; Schramm, Satyam A. – First Language, 2019
This study examines the role of the lexicon and grammatical structure building in early grammar. Parent-report data in CDI format from a sample of 1151 German-speaking children between 1;6 and 2;6 and longitudinal spontaneous speech data from 22 children between 1;8 and 2;5 were used. Regression analysis of the parent-report data indicates that…
Descriptors: Child Language, German, Toddlers, Grammar
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Le Normand, Marie-Thérèse – First Language, 2019
In this corpus study, it is asked whether young children speaking European French build their early syntax around grammatical or lexical words. Specifically, the study examines the relationship of grammatical and lexical words in three types of syntactic structures (determiner--noun, pronoun--verb and subject pronoun--verb). The corpus included…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Syntax, Child Language, Grammar
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Qin, Wenjuan; Kingston, Helen C.; Kim, James S. – First Language, 2019
Book retelling has been frequently used as an indicator of children's reading proficiency. However, how children's performance varies across retelling narrative and expository texts and whether that has different implications for reading proficiency remains understudied. The present study examined 85 high-poverty second- and third-graders'…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Reading Skills, Reading Processes, Instructional Effectiveness
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Grandon, Bénédicte; Vilain, Anne; Gillis, Steven – First Language, 2019
This study explores the use of F0, intensity and duration in the production of two types of prominences in French: primary accent with duration as the main acoustic cue, and secondary accent with F0 and intensity as acoustic cues. These parameters were studied in 13 children using a cochlear implant (CI) and 17 children with a normal hearing (NH),…
Descriptors: Native Language, Language Acquisition, French, Pronunciation
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de Almeida, Laetitia; Ferré, Sandrine; Barthez, Marie-Anne; dos Santos, Christophe – First Language, 2019
In this study, the authors compare the production of internal codas and branching onsets in four groups of children learning French: monolingual typically-developing children (n = 12), bilingual typically-developing children (n = 61), monolingual children with Specific Language Impairment (n = 17) and bilingual children with Specific Language…
Descriptors: French, Second Language Learning, Monolingualism, Bilingualism
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de Pontonx, Sophie; Leroy-Collombel, Marie; Morgenstern, Aliyah – First Language, 2019
Following a usage-based approach of language acquisition, the goal of this article is to make a detailed analysis of other and self-repairs targeting a French child's non-conventional productions between 1;09 and 4;0. The study's hypotheses were that (1) the mother would start by offering repairs and later in development use strategies to lead the…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, French, Mothers, Young Children
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Vainio, Seppo; Pajunen, Anneli; Häikiö, Tuomo – First Language, 2019
The current study examined how morpho-semantic processing of derivational morphology develops from later childhood through adolescence to adulthood in Finnish. Finnish is a synthetic language rich both in derivation and inflection. It has been suggested that children gradually acquire the ability to process morphologically complex word structures.…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Finno Ugric Languages, Semantics, Morphemes
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Fong, Cathy Yui-Chi; Ho, Connie Suk Han – First Language, 2019
Prior research on reading difficulties has mainly focused on word decoding problems. However, there exists another group of children -- poor comprehenders (PCs) -- who have normal word decoding abilities but difficulties in reading comprehension. Less is known about PCs especially in non-alphabetic languages such as Chinese. This study identified…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Psycholinguistics
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Rujas, Irene; Casla, Marta; Mariscal, Sonia; Lázaro López-Villaseñor, Miguel; Murillo Sanz, Eva – First Language, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine early fast mapping abilities in late talkers (LT) and typically developing (TD) Spanish-speaking children by considering the effect of different variables on fast mapping (age, vocabulary level, grammatical category and number morphology). Thirty-eight Spanish-speaking children were assessed at three times…
Descriptors: Grammar, Toddlers, Language Acquisition, Age Differences
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Kupersmitt, Judy R.; Armon-Lotem, Sharon – First Language, 2019
The present study examines the linguistic expression of causal relations between the motion events within the main episode in a picture-based narrative. One hundred and fifty children aged 5-7 were asked to narrate a story based on a series of pictures: 45 Hebrew monolinguals (19 with Developmental Language Disorders [DLD]), 57 English-Hebrew…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Pictorial Stimuli, Semitic Languages, Monolingualism
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