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Showing 1 to 15 of 269 results Save | Export
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Armon-Lotem, Sharon; Rose, Karen; Altman, Carmit – First Language, 2021
This study explores typically developing bilingual children's performance in their English as a heritage language. The aim of this study is to advance our understanding of heritage language expectations and the role of chronological age and bilingual exposure. A broad range of receptive and expressive linguistic domains are investigated as a…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Native Language, Second Language Learning, Language Tests
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de Vries, Heleen; Meyer, Caitlin; Peeters-Podgaevskaja, Alla – First Language, 2021
This study reports the results of a Give-X task investigating the comprehension of ordinal and cardinal numbers in monolingual Russian-speaking children. Data collected from 36 children between the ages of 4;06 and 5;10 provided evidence that Russian learners follow the well-attested pattern for cardinal acquisition, but that children use a…
Descriptors: Russian, Learning Strategies, Language Acquisition, Monolingualism
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Tatsumi, Tomoko; Chang, Franklin; Pine, Julian M. – First Language, 2021
The acquisition of verb morphology is often studied using categorical criteria for determining the productivity of a morpheme. Applying this approach to Japanese, an agglutinative language, this study finds no consistent order for morpheme acquisition and that productivity could be explained by sampling effects. To examine morpheme acquisition…
Descriptors: Verbs, Japanese, Language Acquisition, Morphemes
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Smolík, Filip; Bláhová, Veronika – First Language, 2021
The early use of first and second person pronouns has been viewed as a sign of emerging social understanding. However, it may also depend on general language development: pronouns do not appear among the first words children acquire. In addition, some languages conjugate verbs for person, and the inflections may thus show similar relations to…
Descriptors: Slavic Languages, Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition, Interpersonal Competence
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Foltz, Anouschka; Knopf, Karolin; Jonas, Kristina; Jaecks, Petra; Stenneken, Prisca – First Language, 2021
This study investigated whether we can find reliable comprehension-to-production syntactic priming effects in children aged 2;0 to 2;11 and how phonological working memory and sentence production skills relate to the syntactic priming process. A finding of reliable syntactic priming effects would provide strong evidence that children's syntactic…
Descriptors: Syntax, Phonology, Short Term Memory, Toddlers
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Zhan, Ying – First Language, 2021
This study examines the role of agency in a young trilingual child's language choice in interaction with her Mandarin-speaking grandparents. The child was born in Japan to a Chinese mother and a Japanese father. English is used as a lingua franca in the family. The study demonstrates how the child asserts her agency to negotiate the decisions and…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Personal Autonomy, Multilingualism, Language Usage
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Hamilton, Lorna G.; O'Halloran, Isabelle; Cutting, Nicola – First Language, 2021
Narrative production draws upon linguistic, cognitive and pragmatic skills, and is subject to substantial individual differences. This study aimed to characterise the development of narrative production in late childhood and to assess whether children's cumulative experience of reading fiction is associated with individual differences in narrative…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Child Development, Narration, Reading Materials
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Zampini, Laura; Burla, Tiziana; Silibello, Gaia; Capelli, Elena; Dall'Ara, Francesca; Rigamonti, Claudia; Ajmone, Paola Francesca; Monti, Federico; Zanchi, Paola; Lalatta, Faustina; Costantino, Maria Antonella; Vizziello, Paola Giovanna – First Language, 2021
Individuals with sex chromosome trisomies (SCTs) have an increased risk of language delays and impairments. However, there are only a few data relative to their language development in early childhood. The present study aimed to investigate the preverbal skills shown by a group of 8-month-old children with SCTs to assess the presence of a possible…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Language Acquisition, Infants, Genetic Disorders
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de Bree, Elise; Zee, Marjolein – First Language, 2021
Listening comprehension is important for daily communication and at school, yet relatively little is known about the variables contributing to listening comprehension, especially in the upper elementary years. The aim of this study was to explore whether vocabulary, verbal memory, but also self-efficacy and self-reported concentration contribute…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Listening Comprehension, Vocabulary Skills, Self Efficacy
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López Pérez, David; Tomalski, Przemyslaw; Radkowska, Alicja; Ballieux, Haiko; Moore, Derek G. – First Language, 2021
Efficient visual exploration in infancy is essential for cognitive and language development. It allows infants to participate in social interactions by attending to faces and learning about objects of interest. Visual scanning of scenes depends on a number of factors, and early differences in efficiency are likely contributing to differences in…
Descriptors: Infants, Human Body, Bilingualism, Language Acquisition
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Todisco, Emanuela; Guijarro-Fuentes, Pedro; Collier, Jacqueline; Coventry, Kenny R. – First Language, 2021
Deixis -- a fundamental part of communication -- involves combinations of speech, gesture and eye-gaze, yet little is known about the temporal dynamics of this coordination. The authors analysed eye-gaze, pointing gestures and verbal productions in 514 deictic episodes during triadic, semi-naturalistic, book-reading sessions performed by Italian…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Speech Communication, Eye Movements, Nonverbal Communication
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Julien, Catherine; Bouchard, Caroline; Leblond, Jean; Sylvestre, Audette – First Language, 2021
Language difficulties are frequently characterized by a significantly lower mean length of utterances (MLU) among children experiencing neglect. More opportunities to experience positive interactions, such as in early childhood education (ECE) settings, could help increase these children's MLU. This study aims to examine the relationship between…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Child Neglect, Preschool Children, Speech Communication
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Perucchini, Paola; Bello, Arianna; Presaghi, Fabio; Aureli, Tiziana – First Language, 2021
The goal of this intensive longitudinal study was to trace the developmental trajectories of infant pointing production, through consideration of the modality (i.e. pointing alone vs pointing-vocal coupling) and the communicative intention (i.e. imperative vs declarative). Multilevel analysis was used to model the normative trend and the…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Longitudinal Studies, Child Development
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Abels, Monika; Kilale, Andrew; Vogt, Paul – First Language, 2021
This study deals with speech acts addressed to Hadza infants in Tanzania, a group that has traditionally lived off hunting and gathering. Three research questions are addressed: How do Hadza speech acts compare with those found in previous studies in other cultures? Are there differences between child and adult speakers? And do speech acts differ…
Descriptors: Speech Acts, Cross Cultural Studies, Infants, Children
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McCune, Lorraine; Lennon, Elizabeth M.; Greenwood, Anne – First Language, 2021
Pointing has long been considered influential in language acquisition. Certain pre-linguistic vocal expressions may hold even greater value in addressing the transition to language. The goal of the present study is longitudinal evaluation of early communicative development, addressing the influence of pre-linguistic gestures and vocal expressions.…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Speech Communication
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