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Showing 1 to 15 of 174 results Save | Export
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Boersma, Tiffany; Baker, Anne; Rispens, Judith; Weerman, Fred – First Language, 2018
Morphophonological processing involves the phonological analysis of morphemes. Item-specific phonological characteristics have been shown to influence morphophonological skills in children. This study investigates the relative contributions of broad phonological skills and vocabulary to production and judgement accuracies of the Dutch past tense…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphemes, Phonology, Language Processing
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Mathew, Mili; Yuen, Ivan; Demuth, Katherine – First Language, 2018
Children are known to use different types of referential gestures (e.g., deictic, iconic) from a very young age. In contrast, their use of non-referential gestures is not well established. This study investigated the use of "stroke-defined non-referential" 'beat' gestures in a story-retelling and an exposition task by twelve 6-year-olds,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Nonverbal Communication, Intonation, Phonology
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Poulain, Tanja; Brauer, Jens – First Language, 2018
This study explores the developmental change of mother-child interactions in order to investigate which aspects of maternal behavior affect children's speech production. To this end, the interactions between 79 German-speaking mothers and their two- or five-year-old children were observed at two time points (12 months apart) and in two interactive…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Role, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables
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Benassi, Erika; Guarini, Annalisa; Savini, Silvia; Iverson, Jana Marie; Caselli, Maria Cristina; Alessandroni, Rosina; Faldella, Giacomo; Sansavini, Alessandra – First Language, 2018
The present study examined maternal responses to infants' spontaneous communicative behaviors in a sample of 20 extremely-low-gestational-age (ELGA) infants and 20 full-term (FT) infants during 30 minutes of play interaction when infants were 12 months of age. Relations between maternal responses and infants' communication skills at 12 and 24…
Descriptors: Mothers, Premature Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Expressive Language
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Vaahtoranta, Enni; Suggate, Sebastian; Jachmann, Cornelia; Lenhart, Jan; Lenhard, Wolfgang – First Language, 2018
Shared reading represents an established practice to foster preschool vocabulary development, particularly when coupled with explicit instruction in word meanings. However, a question remains as to whether explicit word definitions detract from story delivery and hence language learning. Accordingly, this study compared explicit versus…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Story Telling, Language Acquisition, Preschool Children
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Yang, Anqi; Chen, Aoju – First Language, 2018
This study investigates how children acquire prosodic focus-marking in Mandarin Chinese. Using a picture-matching game, we elicited spontaneous production of sentences in various focus conditions from children aged four to eleven. We found that Mandarin Chinese-speaking children use some pitch-related cues in some tones and duration in all tones…
Descriptors: Native Language, Mandarin Chinese, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Polo, Nuria – First Language, 2018
Studies on the acquisition of Spanish as a first language do not agree on the patterns and factors relevant for coda development. In order to shed light on the questions involved, a longitudinal study of coda development in Northern European Spanish was carried out to explore the relationship between accuracy, markedness and frequency. The study…
Descriptors: Spanish, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Syllables
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Pérez-Pereira, Miguel; Cruz, Raquel – First Language, 2018
The vocabulary size and composition of one group of full-term and three groups of low risk preterm children with different gestational ages (GA) were longitudinally compared at 10, 22 and 30 months of age. Expressive vocabulary development was assessed through the CDI. Cognitive development was also assessed at 22 months (Batelle Developmental…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Vocabulary Development, Biomedicine, Gender Differences
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea – First Language, 2018
When young children interpret novel nouns, they tend to be very much affected by the perceptual features of the referent objects, especially shape. This article investigates whether children might inhibit a prepotent tendency to base novel nouns on the shape of referent objects in order to base them on conceptual features (i.e. taxonomic object…
Descriptors: Role, Inhibition, Nouns, Language Acquisition
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Hovsepian, Alice – First Language, 2018
Four-year-old (n = 20) and five-year-old (n = 22) bilingual children were tested twice in six months on Armenian (minority language) and English (majority language) picture identification and picture naming tasks to examine receptive and expressive vocabulary growth in both languages. Parental education, Armenian/English language exposure, and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Predictor Variables, Bilingualism, Language Minorities
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Bittner, Dagmar; Bartz, Damaris – First Language, 2018
Studies on L1- and L2-acquisition of German and Dutch have shown that the particles "too/also" and "again" hamper the realization of finiteness while the particle "not" promotes it. In this study the authors ask whether adversative "but" also affects the realization of finiteness. By applying a…
Descriptors: German, Phrase Structure, Language Acquisition, Syntax
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Talli, Ioanna; Tsalighopoulos, Miltiadis; Okalidou, Areti – First Language, 2018
Weak performance in short-term memory (STM) in children with cochlear implants (CI) may have an impact on vocabulary development. Vocabulary, phonological STM (non-word repetition), phonological/verbal STM (digit span) and rapid naming measures were administered to 15 Greek-speaking children with CI (ages 4;6-8;6) and to chronological age (CA) and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Assistive Technology, Naming, Greek
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Diaz, Vanessa; Farrar, M. Jeffrey – First Language, 2018
Bilingual children often show advanced executive functioning (EF) and false belief (FB) understanding compared to monolinguals. The latter has been attributed to their enhanced inhibitory control EF, although this has only been examined in a single study which did not confirm this hypothesis. The current study examined the relation of EF and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Ninio, Anat – First Language, 2018
Many sentences of adult English are analytic constructions, namely clauses with a matrix verb complemented by a dependent predicate that does not have an expressed syntactic subject. Examples are subject and object control, raising to subject or object, periphrastic tense, aspect and modality, copular predication and "do"-support. In…
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Acquisition, English, Phrase Structure
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Wray, Charlotte; Norbury, Courtenay Frazier – First Language, 2018
Parent-child interaction plays a crucial role in early language acquisition. In young typically developing children, direct and indirect relationships between parent gesture, child gesture and child language have been observed. Far less is known about these relationships in atypical language development. The present study investigated parent…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Nonverbal Communication, Language Acquisition, Problem Solving
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