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Showing 1 to 15 of 164 results Save | Export
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Boersma, Tiffany; Baker, Anne; Rispens, Judith; Weerman, Fred – First Language, 2018
Morphophonological processing involves the phonological analysis of morphemes. Item-specific phonological characteristics have been shown to influence morphophonological skills in children. This study investigates the relative contributions of broad phonological skills and vocabulary to production and judgement accuracies of the Dutch past tense…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphemes, Phonology, Language Processing
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Mathew, Mili; Yuen, Ivan; Demuth, Katherine – First Language, 2018
Children are known to use different types of referential gestures (e.g., deictic, iconic) from a very young age. In contrast, their use of non-referential gestures is not well established. This study investigated the use of "stroke-defined non-referential" 'beat' gestures in a story-retelling and an exposition task by twelve 6-year-olds,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Nonverbal Communication, Intonation, Phonology
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Poulain, Tanja; Brauer, Jens – First Language, 2018
This study explores the developmental change of mother-child interactions in order to investigate which aspects of maternal behavior affect children's speech production. To this end, the interactions between 79 German-speaking mothers and their two- or five-year-old children were observed at two time points (12 months apart) and in two interactive…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Role, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables
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Benassi, Erika; Guarini, Annalisa; Savini, Silvia; Iverson, Jana Marie; Caselli, Maria Cristina; Alessandroni, Rosina; Faldella, Giacomo; Sansavini, Alessandra – First Language, 2018
The present study examined maternal responses to infants' spontaneous communicative behaviors in a sample of 20 extremely-low-gestational-age (ELGA) infants and 20 full-term (FT) infants during 30 minutes of play interaction when infants were 12 months of age. Relations between maternal responses and infants' communication skills at 12 and 24…
Descriptors: Mothers, Premature Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Expressive Language
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Vaahtoranta, Enni; Suggate, Sebastian; Jachmann, Cornelia; Lenhart, Jan; Lenhard, Wolfgang – First Language, 2018
Shared reading represents an established practice to foster preschool vocabulary development, particularly when coupled with explicit instruction in word meanings. However, a question remains as to whether explicit word definitions detract from story delivery and hence language learning. Accordingly, this study compared explicit versus…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Story Telling, Language Acquisition, Preschool Children
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Yang, Anqi; Chen, Aoju – First Language, 2018
This study investigates how children acquire prosodic focus-marking in Mandarin Chinese. Using a picture-matching game, we elicited spontaneous production of sentences in various focus conditions from children aged four to eleven. We found that Mandarin Chinese-speaking children use some pitch-related cues in some tones and duration in all tones…
Descriptors: Native Language, Mandarin Chinese, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Polo, Nuria – First Language, 2018
Studies on the acquisition of Spanish as a first language do not agree on the patterns and factors relevant for coda development. In order to shed light on the questions involved, a longitudinal study of coda development in Northern European Spanish was carried out to explore the relationship between accuracy, markedness and frequency. The study…
Descriptors: Spanish, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Syllables
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Pérez-Pereira, Miguel; Cruz, Raquel – First Language, 2018
The vocabulary size and composition of one group of full-term and three groups of low risk preterm children with different gestational ages (GA) were longitudinally compared at 10, 22 and 30 months of age. Expressive vocabulary development was assessed through the CDI. Cognitive development was also assessed at 22 months (Batelle Developmental…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Vocabulary Development, Biomedicine, Gender Differences
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea – First Language, 2018
When young children interpret novel nouns, they tend to be very much affected by the perceptual features of the referent objects, especially shape. This article investigates whether children might inhibit a prepotent tendency to base novel nouns on the shape of referent objects in order to base them on conceptual features (i.e. taxonomic object…
Descriptors: Role, Inhibition, Nouns, Language Acquisition
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Hovsepian, Alice – First Language, 2018
Four-year-old (n = 20) and five-year-old (n = 22) bilingual children were tested twice in six months on Armenian (minority language) and English (majority language) picture identification and picture naming tasks to examine receptive and expressive vocabulary growth in both languages. Parental education, Armenian/English language exposure, and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Predictor Variables, Bilingualism, Language Minorities
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Suskind, Dana L.; Leung, Christy Y. Y.; Webber, Robert J.; Hundertmark, Alison C.; Leffel, Kristin R.; Suskind, Elizabeth; Hernandez, Marc W.; Graf, Eileen – First Language, 2018
This study reported the development and initial validation of the Survey of Parent/Provider Expectations and Knowledge (SPEAK), a self-administered questionnaire assessing expectations and knowledge about early childhood cognitive and language development. Development of the SPEAK was guided by the theory emphasizing the role of language input…
Descriptors: Parent Surveys, Linguistic Input, Interviews, Cognitive Development
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Deng, Xiangjun; Mai, Ziyin; Yip, Virginia – First Language, 2018
This study examines the "ba" and "bei" constructions in Mandarin using data from the Tong corpus, a new multimedia longitudinal child language corpus. A unified aspectual account of the two constructions is proposed: both require telic predicates, and should thus correlate with the perfective rather than imperfective aspect for…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Verbs, Language Acquisition, Computational Linguistics
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Donaldson, Morag L.; Reid, Jennifer; Murray, Claire – First Language, 2018
This study aimed to establish whether 5- to 7-year-old children with developmental language disorder (DLD) have difficulties explaining actions in terms of intentions and if so, to elucidate the nature of such difficulties. Children with DLD and typically developing chronological age peers (TD group) participated in a production task designed to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teaching Methods, Children, Language Impairments
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Sah, Wen-hui – First Language, 2018
This study investigates the referential choice of Mandarin-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The data consist of narratives from 16 children with ASD and 16 typically-developing (TD) children. The narratives were elicited using the wordless picture book "Frog, where are you?" Participants' referential expressions…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Classification, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Gampe, Anja; Kurthen, Ira; Daum, Moritz M. – First Language, 2018
The current study describes the development and validation of a novel scale (BILEX) designed to assess young bilingual children's receptive vocabulary in both languages, their conceptual vocabulary, and translational equivalents. BILEX was developed to facilitate the assessment of vocabulary size for both of the children's languages within one…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Bilingualism, Bilingual Students, Preschool Children
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