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Showing 1 to 15 of 19 results Save | Export
Zhao, Bo; Wang, Wen – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2017
We develop a new measure of relative debt transparency by comparing the amount of state debt reported in the annual Census survey and the amount reported in the statistical section of the state Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR). GASB 44 requires states to start reporting their total debt in the CAFR statistical section in FY 2006.…
Descriptors: Accountability, State Government, Debt (Financial), Disclosure
Jackson, Osborne – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2015
This paper investigates the impact of immigration on the college enrollment of U.S. natives. Many studies have focused on the effect of increased demand for schooling by immigrants on the enrollment of natives. However, changes in immigrant labor supply may also affect native enrollment by changing local market prices. Using U.S. Census data from…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Immigration, Indigenous Populations, Enrollment Influences
Burke, Mary A. – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2015
This paper assesses the extent to which Rhode Island's workforce lacks skills that are in demand among the state's current and potential employers and, if so, whether such a skills gap or labor market "mismatch" significantly restrains employment growth in the state. Using an index developed by Sahin et al. (2014), we find that…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Skill Analysis, Achievement Gap, Job Skills
Cooper, Daniel; Luengo-Prado, María José – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2014
This paper examines whether a rise in house prices that occurs immediately prior to children entering college has an impact on their earnings as adults. Higher house prices provide homeowners with additional funds to invest in their children's human capital. The results show that a 1 percentage point increase in house prices, when children are 17…
Descriptors: Housing, Costs, Children, College Attendance
Cooper, Daniel; Wang, J. Christina – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2014
This policy brief advances the growing literature on how student loan debt affects individuals' other economic decisions. Specifically, it examines the impact of student loan liabilities on individuals' homeownership status and wealth accumulation. The analysis employs a rich set of financial and demographic control variables that are not…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Debt (Financial), Economic Impact, Housing
Bradbury, Katharine; Burke, Mary A.; Triest, Robert K. – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2014
Aside from effects on nearby property values, research is sparse on how foreclosures may generate negative externalities. Employing a unique dataset that matches individual student records from Boston Public Schools--including test scores, demographics, home address moves, and school changes--with real estate records indicating whether the student…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Real Estate, Performance Based Assessment
Bradbury, Katharine; Burke, Mary A.; Triest, Robert K. – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2013
Foreclosures have well-documented adverse consequences for families living in or owning properties undergoing foreclosure and on surrounding neighborhoods, but they may also have other costs. This policy brief summarizes our research on the impact of mortgage foreclosures on academic performance among Boston public school students. The data show…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Public Schools, Standardized Tests, Economic Impact
Bradbury, Katharine; Burke, Mary A.; Triest, Robert K. – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2013
Although the recent wave of mortgage foreclosures has clearly been accompanied by economic hardship, relatively little research has examined how foreclosures affect the academic performance of students. This paper investigates the relationship between mortgage foreclosures and the academic performance of students using a unique dataset that…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Academic Achievement, Housing, Debt (Financial)
Modestino, Alicia Sasser – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2013
This policy brief presents some basic facts about the retention of recent college graduates and changes in retention over time, updating an earlier report on this topic. It shows, for example, how New England compares with other Census divisions, what factors affect its ability to retain graduates, and the reasons why recent college graduates…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Trend Analysis, Employment Potential, Comparative Analysis
Sasser, Alicia – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2009
This policy brief investigates factors affecting New England's supply of recent college graduates and how those factors have changed over time, and suggests steps that states might take to expand this source of skilled labor. (Contains 3 figures.) [This brief summarizes analysis in NEPPC research report 08-1: "The Future of the Skilled Labor…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Human Capital, Education Work Relationship, Educational Trends
Sasser, Alicia – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2009
The skilled labor force of the future (recent college graduates, or individuals aged 22 to 27 with a bachelor's degree or higher) is growing more slowly in New England than in the rest of the United States. Since 2000, this group has expanded by less than 9 percent in New England, roughly half the overall U.S. increase. The author suggests that…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Migration, Internship Programs, Employment Opportunities
Sasser, Alicia – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2009
The population of recent college graduates has been growing more slowly in New England than in the rest of the United States, and New England states are concerned that an inadequate supply of skilled workers may hamper economic growth. In some sense, New England is a victim of its own success. The region's colleges and universities excel at…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Skilled Workers, Labor Supply, Economic Development
Deming, David; Dynarski, Susan – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2008
Forty years ago, 96 percent of six-year-old children were enrolled in first grade or above. As of 2005, the figure was just 84 percent. The school attendance rate of six-year-olds has not decreased; rather, they are increasingly likely to be enrolled in kindergarten rather than first grade. This paper documents this historical shift. We show…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Enrollment, Kindergarten, Grade 1
Burke, Mary A.; Sass, Tim R. – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2008
In this paper we analyze the impact of classroom peers on individual student performance with a unique longitudinal data set covering all Florida public school students in grades 3-10 over a five-year period. Unlike many previous data sets used to study peer effects in education, our data set allow us to identify each member of a given student's…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Student Evaluation, Academic Achievement, Peer Groups
Long, Bridget Terry – Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2007
The returns to college are substantial, including increased earnings and public benefits, such as better health and increased involvement in public service and giving. As a result, since the introduction of the Guaranteed Student Loan program in 1965 and the Pell Grant in 1972, the federal government has experimented with using financial aid to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Financial Needs, Consumer Economics, Program Effectiveness
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