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Al-Hilawani, Yasser A. – Exceptionality, 2014
In this study, metacognition refers to performing visual analysis and discrimination of real life events and situations in naïve psychology, naïve physics, and naïve biology domains. It is used, along with measuring reaction time, to examine differences in the ability of four groups of students to select appropriate pictures that correspond with…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Foreign Countries
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Cronin, Kathleen A. – Exceptionality, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among oral language, decoding, and reading comprehension for children with autism. Participants included 13 English-speaking children with a diagnosis of high-functioning autism (IQ > 70) who were included in a typical classroom, and who had parents who spoke English. Parts of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Oral Language, Decoding (Reading), Reading Comprehension
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Vujnovic, Rebecca K.; Fabiano, Gregory A.; Morris, Karen L.; Norman, Kelly; Hallmark, Charles; Hartley, Chelsey – Exceptionality, 2014
Approaches consistent with a Response to Intervention (RTI) framework are becoming increasingly prominent. The present study is a preliminary investigation aimed at gaining a greater understanding of educators' knowledge of RTI and application of RTI principles. It serves as the first step toward understanding educators' preparation to implement…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Teacher Surveys, Online Surveys, Progress Monitoring
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Pullen, Paige C.; Lane, Holly B. – Exceptionality, 2014
We compared the effects of two approaches to decoding on the word reading skills of struggling first-grade students: decontextualized, teacher directed decoding practice with manipulative letters and embedded, incidental decoding practice. Participants were 98 students at risk for reading disability. We randomly assigned participants to three…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Word Recognition, Grade 1
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Park, Yujeong; Benedict, Amber E.; Brownell, Mary T. – Exceptionality, 2014
The factor structure of the CORE Phonics Survey was analyzed using a sample of 165 students in upper elementary school with specific learning disabilities. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to identify the hypothesized constructs of the CORE Phonics Survey and predictive validity of the CORE Phonics Survey to predict students' success in word…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Phonics, Reading Skills
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Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Maccini, Paula; Mulcahy, Candace – Exceptionality, 2014
The current study focuses on results from a national survey of special education mathematics teachers in secondary psychiatric schools. A total of 115 (33.04%) respondents completed a mail or online survey concerning school-level mathematics curriculum and assessment policies and practices. No statistically significant differences existed between…
Descriptors: National Surveys, Special Education Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Special Schools
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Weiss, Margaret P.; Petrin, Robert A.; Farmer, Thomas W. – Exceptionality, 2014
Despite the importance of special educators in the current era of educational reform, there is no overarching portrait of special educators' roles, especially in rural schools where the provision of services is especially challenging. Using latent class analysis and data from a national sample of rural school districts, we identified four distinct…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Teacher Response, Rural Schools, Teacher Role
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Yeo, Seungsoo; Park, Sohee – Exceptionality, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental difference in curriculum-based measurement (CBM) reading aloud performance between Grade 8 English-speaking students and English language learners (ELLs) using two theories of reading development: compensatory model and cumulative model. Fifty non-ELLs and 133 ELLs were administered the…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Age Differences, Individual Development, Oral Reading
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Useche, Ana Carolina; Sullivan, Amanda L.; Merk, Welmoet; Orobio de Castro, Bram – Exceptionality, 2014
This study examines the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between reactive and proactive aggression and children's peer status. Participants were 94 Dutch elementary school-aged boys in self-contained special education classrooms for students with emotional/behavioral disorders (EBD) and 47 boys with no disabilities in general education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Aggression, Peer Relationship, Peer Influence
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Mason, Linda H.; Meadan-Kaplansky, Hedda; Hedin, Laura; Taft, Raol – Exceptionality, 2013
Students who struggle with learning may not have the metacognition needed to support the multiple processes required to understand what is read in informational text. Instruction for these students, therefore, should include methodologies that promote self-regulation of critical thinking processes. Fifty-eight low-achieving students were provided…
Descriptors: Self Management, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Low Achievement
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Maggin, Daniel M.; Chafouleas, Sandra M.; Berggren, Melissa; Sugai, George – Exceptionality, 2013
The evidence-based practice movement in special education has emphasized the use of the scientific process to assist with the identification of effective academic and behavioral strategies. An important but often overlooked aspect of this system is the peer review process in which manuscripts submitted for publication are reviewed by experts to…
Descriptors: Writing for Publication, Special Education, Guidelines, Periodicals
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Boe, Erling E.; deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Dewey, James; Rosenberg, Michael; Sindelar, Paul; Leko, Christopher – Exceptionality, 2013
After decades of growth, the number of special education teachers (SETs) has begun to decline. In 2009, U.S. schools employed 13% fewer SETs than in 2006. The number of annual new hires of SETs also dropped dramatically in some states. The onset of these declines predated the economic downturn of 2008 and resulted in part from a steady decline…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Public School Teachers, Teacher Supply and Demand, Economic Climate
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Lieberman-Betz, Rebecca G.; Vail, Cynthia O.; Chai, Zhen – Exceptionality, 2013
Response to Intervention (RTI) models are likely to be implemented in early childhood settings with greater frequency to target academic and developmental skills. With an increasing number of classrooms serving children with identified special needs, it is necessary to examine how current frameworks for RTI models meet the needs of all children in…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Evidence, Special Education, Developmental Delays
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Hammond, Rachel K.; Campbell, Jonathan M.; Ruble, Lisa A. – Exceptionality, 2013
The Response to Intervention (RTI) framework, a preventive model of universal screening, tiered interventions, and ongoing progress monitoring, poses an interesting consideration for identification and service delivery for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Upon examination of the existing literature, paucity exists regarding how RTI…
Descriptors: Identification, Evidence, Autism, Response to Intervention
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Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Sayeski, Kristin – Exceptionality, 2013
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004) has had substantial influence on special education in general and the field of learning disabilities in particular. Since its reauthorization in 2004, ongoing regulatory efforts have been underway to determine its operationalization and implementation. Of particular concern to those involved…
Descriptors: Identification, Learning Disabilities, Special Education, Response to Intervention
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