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Baumeister, Alfred A.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1990
This article identifies and analyzes specific environmental, psychosocial, and economic factors adversely affecting childrens' well-being. Contemporary outcomes, including adolescent homicide and suicide, substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, developmental exceptionalities, and other health hazards, are considered. Adolescent pregnancy,…
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescents, Birth Weight, Child Welfare
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Donahoe, Kathleen; Zigmond, Naomi – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1990
The academic performance of 86 mainstreamed learning-disabled students was compared with that of 87 low-achieving students. Significant differences were found between the groups' grades in social studies and health but not in science. Of intelligence quotient, reading level, and absence rates, only absence rates differentiated between ninth grade…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Attendance, Comparative Analysis
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MacMillan, Donald L.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1990
Arguing that reliable and valid dropout rate estimates are prerequisite to establishment of causal factors and intervention programs, this article examines differences in definitions of dropouts, computational methods, and the complexities in defining cohorts, as well as the importance of sample attrition. Several sources of error are discussed.…
Descriptors: Attrition (Research Studies), Definitions, Disabilities, Dropout Rate
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Walker, Hill M.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1990
In studies of school behavior adjustment involving 39 antisocial and 41 at-risk middle school boys, extremely problematic behavior profiles were found among the antisocial subjects. Profiles were quite consistent and stable across the middle school years. Predictor variables of school success or failure included math achievement, school discipline…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), Antisocial Behavior, Attendance
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Sands, Deanna J. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1992
This study, involving 118 adolescents and adults with deafness, found a high level of concurrent criterion validity for the National Independent Living Skills (NILS) Screening Instrument. The study concluded that the NILS is a valid tool for assessing independent living skills of persons age 16 and older with a hearing impairment and possible…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Concurrent Validity, Daily Living Skills
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Sands, Deanna J. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1992
The author of EC 604 294 examines the lack of training students receive in applying problem-solving processes to novel situations and explores the development of her interest in defining and operationalizing the concept of independent living skills in individuals with disabilities, especially deafness. (JDD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Concurrent Validity, Daily Living Skills
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Kozleski, Elizabeth B. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1991
This study evaluated ease of learning 5 visual symbol sets (photopictorial, rebus, Blissymbolics, orthography, and Premack-type tokens) with 4 autistic students (ages 7-13). A second article describes the development of instructional procedures for the students, noting the contribution of behavioral, cognitive developmental, and information…
Descriptors: Autism, Communication Skills, Elementary Secondary Education, Expressive Language
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Margalit, Malka – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1991
This study evaluated the "I Found a Solution" computer-assisted social skills intervention program with 87 mildly mentally retarded students (ages 10-18) in 2 Israeli special schools. Following training, teachers rated trained students as demonstrating better task orientation and less aggression and behavior difficulties. The second…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Media, Elementary Secondary Education
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Martin, James E.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1990
This study compared use of trainer demonstrations and use of visual cues across varying difficulties of task, by 20 mentally retarded secondary-aged students. Results found that photographs and line drawings were more effective with mildly/moderately retarded students than demonstrations when working with complex tasks. No differences were found…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Cues, Demonstrations (Educational)
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Stinson, Dawn Martin; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1991
Four elementary-level students with moderate mental retardation were taught to read sight words using a progressive time-delay procedure. All students acquired their target words and at least 50 percent of the incidental and observational words and definitions to which they were exposed. (Author/PB)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Language Acquisition, Moderate Mental Retardation
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Coleman, Laurence J. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1992
The patterns of thought and behavior used by a teacher as he "created" a discussion with a group of gifted/talented children were examined. A cognitive map illustrates the techniques used to further the discussion. The teacher's use of professional practical knowledge (knowledge about teaching that was gained from experience) is…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Cognitive Style, Creativity, Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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Coleman, Laurence J. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1992
This essay on a paper (EC 602 982) about a master teacher's cognitive processes involved in leading group discussions focuses on the place for qualitative inquiry on teaching in special education, the usefulness of professional practical knowledge and cognitive maps as heuristics for further research, and the relationship between researcher and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Cognitive Style, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Secondary Education
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Bahr, Michael W.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1993
Observations of the classroom behavior of 43 pupils in grades 5-7 at risk for referral to special education and teacher responses to rating scales indicated that student monitoring plus teacher-student contracts were as effective, if not more so, as teacher monitoring plus teacher-student contracts. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Performance Contracts
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Innocenti, Mark S.; White, Karl R. – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1993
Analysis of research reviews, experimental studies, and a metanalysis that included data on early intervention intensity and outcomes revealed that there is little evidence that more intensive programs lead to better outcomes for children with disabilities. Some limited support exists that more intensive programs may be beneficial for…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention
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Bahr, Michael W.; And Others – Exceptionality: A Research Journal, 1993
These reflections on EC 606 263 (a paper examining the effectiveness of student versus teacher monitoring of behavior of students at risk for referral to special education) examines the development of interest in the topic, acceptability of the interventions to study participants, potential usefulness of the intervention, and evidence of changes…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Performance Contracts
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