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Exceptionality401
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van Dijk, Wilhelmina; Lane, Holly B. – Exceptionality, 2020
Misconceptions about the brain and its relation to education are widespread. This can lead to the implementation of ineffective methods and the waste of precious resources. To examine the extent of belief in neuromyths, a survey about the brain in education was conducted. Respondents (n = 169) came from special education (n = 83) and general…
Descriptors: Brain, Misconceptions, Beliefs, Education
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Hott, Brittany L.; Brigham, Frederick – Exceptionality, 2020
This study examined the effects of three response options (traditional responding, response cards, and response systems) on the mathematics performance, participation, and time on-task of secondary students with emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD). A three-way crossover design was utilized to evaluate the efficacy of response options in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Student Participation, Time on Task, Behavior Disorders
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Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Calhoun, Susan L.; Mattison, Richard E. – Exceptionality, 2020
Little is known about the characteristics of academic overachievers, children whose achievement significantly exceeds IQ. Correlates of overachievement (achievement test scores = 1 SD above IQ), nondiscrepant achievement, and learning disability (LD; achievement = 1 SD below IQ) were analyzed in 1,543 children (739 ADHD, 285 autism, and 519…
Descriptors: Overachievement, Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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Bouck, Emily C.; Park, Jiyoon; Levy, Kennedy; Cwiakala, Katie; Whorley, Abbey – Exceptionality, 2020
In theory, both virtual manipulatives and explicit instruction are viable options to support students with disabilities as they learn mathematics. This study explored the effect of a treatment package--an app-based virtual manipulative (Cuisenaire® Rods) in conjunction with explicit instruction--on students' acquisition and generalization of…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Manipulative Materials, Direct Instruction, Division
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Ok, Min Wook; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R. – Exceptionality, 2020
Over the past decades, there has been a significant increase in the use of computers and mobile devices in schools as part of mathematics instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD). The purpose of this synthesis was to provide a systematic review of the research on the effects of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) for both computers…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Learning Disabilities
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Kim, Sunyoung – Exceptionality, 2019
There is a growing need to consider the cultural responsiveness of behavioral interventions for individuals with disabilities, given increasing diversity in the United States. This study examined the effectiveness of peer-mediated pivotal response treatment (PRT) on social behaviors of Korean American children with autism, an understudied yet…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Behavior, Prompting
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Perera-Rodríguez, Víctor-Hugo; Moriña Díez, Anabel – Exceptionality, 2019
This article is based on a previous Spanish study, which aimed to analyze the existence of barriers and aid for 44 students with disabilities enrolled at University. A qualitative methodology was used to collect data. The results analyze both the support and the obstacles provided by new technologies, the opinion students have of technologies in…
Descriptors: Barriers, College Students, Disabilities, Educational Technology
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Bettini, Elizabeth; Gurel, Sungur; Park, Yujeong; Leite, Walter; McLeskey, James – Exceptionality, 2019
To effectively teach reading to students with and at risk for disabilities, special and general education teachers depend on principals who support effective specialized reading instruction. Yet, extant research indicates that principals have inadequate preparation for supporting specialized instruction. To address this issue, scholars have…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Qualifications, Special Education, At Risk Students
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Shinde, Satomi K.; Maeda, Yukiko – Exceptionality, 2019
Classification changes are common in special education. Using the first four years of the Pre-elementary Education Longitudinal Study data set (N = 3000), we investigated national trends in classification changes among young children with disabilities, the relationship between classification changes and children's demographic information, and the…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Educational Change, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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Park, Yujeong; Brownell, Mary T.; Bettini, Elizabeth F.; Benedict, Amber E. – Exceptionality, 2019
The purpose of this study was to review and analyze effective classroom reading practices for early graders, using information gathered from the existing content-general and content-specific observation protocols measuring teachers' classroom reading practices. Dimensions and constructs from 28 observation studies were synthesized to identify…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Reading Instruction, Elementary School Students
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Mukhopadhyay, Sourav; Mangope, Boitumelo; Moorad, Fazlur – Exceptionality, 2019
A review of educational policies and procedures in Botswana reveals that inclusion of learners with special educational needs (SENs) in regular classrooms is currently the main policy and school practice. However, there are variations in the way inclusion is being practiced and implemented throughout the country. The purpose of this present study…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inclusion, Students with Disabilities, Elementary School Students
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Wyman, Joshua D.; Lavoie, Jennifer; Talwar, Victoria – Exceptionality, 2019
Globally, children with intellectual disabilities are at an increased risk of being victims of maltreatment compared to those without disabilities. Among the children who do disclose the abuse, limitations with communication and working memory can result in their allegation being perceived as not credible. There are several evidence-based…
Descriptors: Best Practices, Interviews, Children, Intellectual Disability
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Maag, John W.; Kauffman, James M.; Simpson, Richard L. – Exceptionality, 2019
The decades-long assault on principles of special education--some knowingly, such as the regular education initiative, and some unknowingly, such as certain presumptions and practices of full inclusion--have consequences that may negatively affect the future of the field. Protracted criticisms on the character, role, and legitimacy of traditional…
Descriptors: Special Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Inclusion, Special Education Teachers
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Burke, Meghan M.; Rios, Kristina; Garcia, Marlene; Sandman, Linda; Lopez, Brenda; Magaña, Sandra – Exceptionality, 2019
Rapidly becoming the largest ethnic group of American students, compared to White students with disabilities, Latino students with disabilities receive less services and their parents are more likely to struggle to receive services. Yet, it is unclear how Latino families advocate for their children with disabilities including how cultural values…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Family Attitudes, Children, Autism
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Rossetti, Zach; Burke, Meghan M. – Exceptionality, 2019
Within special education policy and practice, parents are expected to advocate for their children to receive appropriate special education and related services. However, the majority of parents report feeling disempowered to advocate; families from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds may feel especially disempowered. Federally…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Advocacy, Cultural Differences, Language Usage
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