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Bettini, Elizabeth; Gurel, Sungur; Park, Yujeong; Leite, Walter; McLeskey, James – Exceptionality, 2019
To effectively teach reading to students with and at risk for disabilities, special and general education teachers depend on principals who support effective specialized reading instruction. Yet, extant research indicates that principals have inadequate preparation for supporting specialized instruction. To address this issue, scholars have…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Qualifications, Special Education, At Risk Students
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Shinde, Satomi K.; Maeda, Yukiko – Exceptionality, 2019
Classification changes are common in special education. Using the first four years of the Pre-elementary Education Longitudinal Study data set (N = 3000), we investigated national trends in classification changes among young children with disabilities, the relationship between classification changes and children's demographic information, and the…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Educational Change, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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Barnes, Erica M.; Dickinson, David K. – Exceptionality, 2017
We examined the relations between teachers' use of comments during book reading sessions in preschool classrooms and the vocabulary growth of children with low and moderately low language ability. Using data from a larger randomized controlled trial, we analyzed comments defined as utterances that give, explain, expand, or define. Comments were…
Descriptors: Speech Acts, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Education, Reading Aloud to Others
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Ok, Min Wook; Rao, Kavita; Bryant, Brian R.; McDougall, Dennis – Exceptionality, 2017
Some researchers have characterized Universal Design for Learning (UDL) as a promising framework to provide diverse students with access to the general education curriculum, but to what extent and how have UDL-based interventions fulfilled that promise? The purpose of this review was to analyze studies that investigated impacts of UDL-based…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Literature Reviews
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Cormier, Damien C.; Yeo, Seungsoo; Christ, Theodore J.; Offrey, Laura D.; Pratt, Katherine – Exceptionality, 2016
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship of mathematics calculation rate (curriculum-based measurement of mathematics; CBM-M), reading rate (curriculum-based measurement of reading; CBM-R), and mathematics application and problem solving skills (mathematics screener) among students at four levels of proficiency on a statewide…
Descriptors: Computation, Problem Solving, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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Thurlow, Martha L.; Wu, Yi-Chen; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Ysseldyke, James E. – Exceptionality, 2016
Federal regulations indicate that the achievement gap must be closed between subgroups, including the gap between special education and non-special education students. We explored the ways in which achievement trends are influenced by three methods of reporting (cross-sectional, cohort-static, and cohort-dynamic). We also investigated (a) the ways…
Descriptors: Special Education, Achievement Gap, Mathematics Achievement, Change
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Missett, Tracy C.; Azano, Amy Price; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Landrum, Kimberly – Exceptionality, 2016
Twice-exceptional students show evidence of high academic performance or potential and also have a disability that impedes their ability to learn. Twice-exceptional students remain under-represented in gifted programs, and some researchers attribute such under-representation to the negative beliefs and low expectations about twice-exceptional…
Descriptors: Teacher Expectations of Students, Gifted Disabled, Special Education, Case Studies
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Dennis, Minyi Shih; Bryant, Brian R.; Drogan, Robin – Exceptionality, 2015
Although research on Tier 2 interventions for early mathematics is accumulating, such efforts remain far behind those for reading, especially regarding specific features such as the ideal time to begin an intervention. The present study investigated the effectiveness of a Tier 2 intervention using a single subject multiple baseline, across-groups…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Response to Intervention, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2
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Orosco, Michael J. – Exceptionality, 2014
Word problems for English language learners (ELLs) at risk for math disabilities are challenging in terms of the constant need to develop precise math language and comprehension knowledge. As a result of this, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading and linguistic support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Hispanic American Students, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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Lieberman-Betz, Rebecca G.; Vail, Cynthia O.; Chai, Zhen – Exceptionality, 2013
Response to Intervention (RTI) models are likely to be implemented in early childhood settings with greater frequency to target academic and developmental skills. With an increasing number of classrooms serving children with identified special needs, it is necessary to examine how current frameworks for RTI models meet the needs of all children in…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Evidence, Special Education, Developmental Delays
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Kim, Dongil; Shin, Jaehyun; Tindal, Gerald – Exceptionality, 2013
Identifying proper measure to monitor students' growth and understanding characteristics of growth patterns between different achieving groups are critical issues in terms of screening students at risk. To deal with this, we explored relationships of slopes and intercepts between word identification (ID) and passage reading fluency (reading aloud)…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Reading Fluency, Response to Intervention, Elementary School Students
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Nelson, Jason M.; Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Lindstrom, Will; Denis, Daniel – Exceptionality, 2012
We investigated various structural models of phonological processing and the relationship of phonological processing abilities to basic reading. Data were collected on 116 kindergarten and first grade students. The specific ability model, which included phonological awareness, phonological memory, and rapid automatized naming as separate…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Phonological Awareness, Grade 1, Kindergarten
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Sutherland, Kevin S.; Conroy, Maureen; Abrams, Lisa; Vo, Abigail – Exceptionality, 2010
Young children who exhibit problem behavior are at-risk for a host of negative developmental outcomes. Early intervention at multiple ecological levels is crucial to interrupt what can be a detrimental transactional cycle between children and their caregivers, including their teachers. In this article we promote a strengths-based approach to…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Caregivers, Young Children, Interpersonal Competence
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Guo, Karen – Exceptionality Education International, 2017
This comparative study investigated the experiences of starting childcare of three immigrant children in three different learning environments in New Zealand. The notion of learning environment was explored as a way of thinking about how different people, places, and approaches to learning have interacted to create a particular site for the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Immigrants, Educational Environment, Observation
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Jolivette, Kristine; Gallagher, Peggy A.; Morrier, Michael J.; Lambert, Richard – Exceptionality, 2008
Young children with disabilities acquire behavior problems as a result of many factors. When planning interventions, it is important to remember that all children may display stages of inappropriate behaviors at various times during their early development. In most cases, the problems are short-lived and typically improve with guidance and age.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Prevention, Disabilities, Young Children
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