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Talbott, Elizabeth; Maggin, Daniel M.; Van Acker, Eryn Y.; Kumm, Skip – Exceptionality, 2018
Reviews of research in special education have a unique place in the scientific literature, with the potential to inform a broad audience about the effectiveness and acceptability of assessment and intervention strategies for a heterogeneous group of children and youth. Results from reviews are useful to school leaders, practitioners, parents,…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Research, Educational Quality, Educational Indicators
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Morgan, Paul L. – Exceptionality, 2003
This article first outlines the logic of null hypothesis testing and the problems of using it to evaluate special education research. It then presents three alternative metrics, a binomial effect size display, a relative risk ratio, and an odds ratio, that can better identify important treatment effects using illustrative data from recently…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Hypothesis Testing
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Oswald, Donald P.; Best, Al M.; Coutinho, Martha J.; Nagle, Heather A. L. – Exceptionality, 2003
This paper presents nationally representative information about the extent of disproportionate gender representation in special education for the disability conditions of learning disabilities, mental retardation, and emotional disturbance. Recommendations are made for research to elucidate the basis for differences, improved data collection and…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Disturbances, Incidence
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Sobsey, Dick – Exceptionality, 2002
Discussion of the relationship between child maltreatment and child disability identifies three categories: (1) maltreatment causes many disabilities; (2) children with disabilities are more vulnerable to maltreatment; and (3) other primary causal factors increase risk for both violence and disability. Maltreatment is also seen as impeding student…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Child Abuse, Child Neglect
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Manset-Williamson, Genevieve; St. John, Edward; Hu, Shouping; Gordon, David – Exceptionality, 2002
Teacher self-reports of the frequency of currently advocated early literacy practices in Grades 1 through 3 were entered into regression models in an effort to predict 3rd-grade outcomes. Explicit skill instruction was a significant predictor of higher passing rates on a state examination and lower rates of special education referral but was also…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Grade Repetition, Instructional Effectiveness, Predictor Variables
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Kavale, Kenneth A. – Exceptionality, 2001
Discussion of the methods of meta-analysis first identifies problems associated with research integration, the limitations of traditional review techniques, and the advantages of quantitative methods. Meta-analytic procedures are described with respect to how they parallel classical scientific method, including problem formulation, sampling,…
Descriptors: Data Interpretation, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Meta Analysis
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Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A. – Exceptionality, 2001
Discussion of the need for systematic methods for summarizing single-participant research describes various approaches for quantitative synthesis and reviews conclusions of completed synthesis efforts. The issue of whether outcomes of single-participant research can be represented by a single common metric is addressed with the recommendation that…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Meta Analysis
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Tindal, Gerald; Marston, Douglas – Exceptionality, 1996
Two studies focused on concurrent validity and instructional decision making in using alternative reading measures with elementary regular and special education students. The first study examined the relation of oral reading performance to several other reading measures; the second study investigated teacher decision making, using quantitative and…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Concurrent Validity, Decision Making, Elementary Education
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Tindal, Gerald; Marston, Douglas – Exceptionality, 1996
The authors of a report on the technical adequacy of alternative reading measures reflect on issues concerning "whole language" terminology, the use of both quantitative and qualitative measures, and instructional decision making. (DB)
Descriptors: Concurrent Validity, Decision Making, Elementary Education, Instructional Design
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Miller, Kevin J.; And Others – Exceptionality, 1996
The researchers who conducted a review of 995 journal articles on mainstreaming reflect on the finding that there has been much more survey research than direct measurement of teacher and student performance. The need for empirical research on instruction and learning in inclusive settings is stressed. (DB)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Educational Trends
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Speece, Deborah L. – Exceptionality, 1995
This article describes the strengths and weaknesses of different models of classification (primarily monothetic and polythetic) and then focuses on cluster analysis as a method of pursuing a polythetic model. Design features that need to be incorporated in a cluster analytic study are discussed in relation to theory formulation, internal validity,…
Descriptors: Classification, Cluster Analysis, Models, Research Design
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Fulk, Barbara M. – Exceptionality, 1996
Thirty-four adolescents with learning disabilities received either spelling strategy training, spelling strategy plus attribution training, or a control condition. Significant differences in spelling recall scores favored the strategy training condition. Addition of the attribution training resulted in no observable improvement in spelling…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Generalization, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Disabilities
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Crowley, E. Paula – Exceptionality, 1995
Guidelines for the implementation of qualitative methods in special education research are offered, addressing rigor, sample selection, data collection, and data management/analysis. Five possible pitfalls are identified, including the quantitative-qualitative methods debate, premature data collection, the tendency to use a linear procedural…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Data Collection, Disabilities, Educational Research
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Smith, Stephen W.; And Others – Exceptionality, 1995
The authors of EC 610 841 comment on problems encountered in their research, such as difficulties in analyzing interview data, and discuss their ongoing three-year study of personal and environmental influences affecting attrition of special education teachers. (DB)
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Data Collection, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education
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Hodapp, Robert M.; Krasner, Diane V. – Exceptionality, 1995
The authors of EC 610 840 reflect on their use of data from the federally developed National Education Longitudinal Study for their research. They identify specific weaknesses of their study stemming from use of this database (such as lack of severity data) as well as strengths (use of a national sample). Researchers are urged to utilize such…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Data Collection, Databases, Disabilities
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