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Shinde, Satomi K.; Maeda, Yukiko – Exceptionality, 2019
Classification changes are common in special education. Using the first four years of the Pre-elementary Education Longitudinal Study data set (N = 3000), we investigated national trends in classification changes among young children with disabilities, the relationship between classification changes and children's demographic information, and the…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Educational Change, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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Barnes, Erica M.; Dickinson, David K. – Exceptionality, 2017
We examined the relations between teachers' use of comments during book reading sessions in preschool classrooms and the vocabulary growth of children with low and moderately low language ability. Using data from a larger randomized controlled trial, we analyzed comments defined as utterances that give, explain, expand, or define. Comments were…
Descriptors: Speech Acts, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Education, Reading Aloud to Others
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Cronin, Kathleen A. – Exceptionality, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among oral language, decoding, and reading comprehension for children with autism. Participants included 13 English-speaking children with a diagnosis of high-functioning autism (IQ > 70) who were included in a typical classroom, and who had parents who spoke English. Parts of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Oral Language, Decoding (Reading), Reading Comprehension
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Pullen, Paige C.; Lane, Holly B. – Exceptionality, 2014
We compared the effects of two approaches to decoding on the word reading skills of struggling first-grade students: decontextualized, teacher directed decoding practice with manipulative letters and embedded, incidental decoding practice. Participants were 98 students at risk for reading disability. We randomly assigned participants to three…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Word Recognition, Grade 1
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Menard, Jessica; Wilson, Alexander M. – Exceptionality Education International, 2014
This study investigated whether students with reading disabilities (RD) showed greater regression in reading skills than did non-RD students over the summer vacation. The RD group consisted of 30 students in grades 4 to 6 from a private school for students with learning disabilities and a comparison group of 30 average readers in grades 4 to 6…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Comparative Analysis, Achievement Gains