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Fuchs, Douglas; Cho, Eunsoo; Toste, Jessica R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; McMaster, Kristen L.; Svenson, Ebba; Thompson, Anneke – Exceptional Children, 2021
We attempted to strengthen an evidence-based, peer-mediated, first-grade reading program (First Grade Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies [PALS]) by modestly revising its content and adding a repeated-reading (RR) component. In a cluster-randomized trial, we conducted a component analysis of the revised program by creating two versions of it.…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies
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Zeng, Songtian; Pereira, Brittany; Larson, Anne; Corr, Catherine P.; O'Grady, Courtney; Stone-MacDonald, Angi – Exceptional Children, 2021
Despite their negative effect, preschool suspension and expulsion are prevalent. Researchers have explored adverse childhood experiences and teachers' racial bias that link to disproportionate suspension and expulsion in preschools, but little research has investigated disability status as a risk factor. This study investigates the extent to which…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Suspension, Expulsion, Students with Disabilities
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Brock, Matthew E.; Barczak, Mary A.; Anderson, Eric J.; Bordner-Williams, Nichole M. – Exceptional Children, 2021
Existing approaches for training paraeducators rely heavily on intensive one-to-one coaching and may not be feasible in practice. In this study, we test a tiered training model in which all paraeducators first received group training, and then coaching was provided only for the subset who did not meet performance criteria after group training.…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Severe Disabilities, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Training
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Feil, Edward G.; Walker, Hill M.; Frey, Andy J.; Seeley, John; Small, Jason W.; Golly, Annemieke; Lee, Jon; Forness, Steve R. – Exceptional Children, 2021
Disruptive behavior problems frequently emerge in the preschool years and are associated with numerous, long-term negative outcomes, including comorbid disorders. First Step is a psychosocial early intervention with substantial empirical evidence supporting its efficacy among young children. The present study reports on a validation study of the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Program Validation, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Wang, Amber Y.; Preacher, Kristopher J.; Malone, Amelia S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Pachmayr, Rachel – Exceptional Children, 2021
The purposes of this study were to assess the effects of fractions intervention for students who are at risk for poor outcomes and to examine whether a component that combines self-regulated learning with growth-mindset instruction (SR-GM) provides added value for improving outcomes. At-risk students (N = 84) were randomly assigned to three…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Fractions, Intervention, Elementary School Mathematics
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Dueñas, Ana D.; Plavnick, Joshua B.; Goldstein, Howard – Exceptional Children, 2021
The absence of direct intervention and peer and staff training can contribute to social isolation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Effective interventions are needed to realize the benefits of inclusive education. This study examines the effects of a multicomponent, peer-mediated intervention on the social communication behaviors…
Descriptors: Peer Mediation, Intervention, Interpersonal Competence, Communication Skills
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Fien, Hank; Nelson, Nancy J.; Smolkowski, Keith; Kosty, Derek; Pilger, Marissa; Baker, Scott King; Smith, Jean Louise Mercier – Exceptional Children, 2021
States are increasingly recommending that districts and schools use multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) to improve reading outcomes for all students. States have also suggested MTSS is a viable service delivery model in response to new state legislation to screen, identify, and treat students with word-level reading disability (i.e., dyslexia).…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Positive Behavior Supports, Reading Achievement, Early Reading
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Kozleski, Elizabeth B.; Hunt, Pam; Mortier, Kathleen; Stepaniuk, Inna; Fleming, Danielle; Balasubramanian, Lakshmi; Leu, Grace; Munandar, Vidya – Exceptional Children, 2021
This social validity study accompanied a 9-month randomized control trial that investigated the efficacy of an emergent literacy program, Early Literacy Skills Builder (ELSB), delivered in general education elementary classrooms to students with severe disabilities, including autism. The social validity research questions focused on (a) the social…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Literacy Education, Elementary School Students, Inclusion
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Cox, Sarah K.; Root, Jenny R. – Exceptional Children, 2021
The Common Core State Standards for Mathematics highlight the importance of not only content standards for mathematics but also mathematical practices such as communication, representation, and reasoning, skills that are often difficult for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Through a single-case multiple-probe-across-participants…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Students with Disabilities
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Dieleman, Lisa M.; Soenens, Bart; Prinzie, Peter; De Clercq, Lana; De Pauw, Sarah S. W. – Exceptional Children, 2021
Because parents of children with cerebral palsy encounter many challenges, the quality of their parenting varies substantially across time. To understand how and why their parenting behaviors change across time, we examined the contributions of child behavior and parents' psychological needs to explanations of yearly variation in responsive,…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cerebral Palsy, Parenting Styles, Child Behavior
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Strand, Steve; Lindorff, Ariel – Exceptional Children, 2021
We used pupil-level data from the National Pupil Database in England to conduct a longitudinal analysis of the identification of moderate learning difficulties (MLD) and social, emotional, and mental health difficulties (SEMH) among 550,000 pupils ages 5 to 11 years. Survival analysis was used to determine the hazard ratios (HRs) for time to first…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, White Students
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Jitendra, Asha K.; Alghamdi, Ahmed; Edmunds, Rebecca; McKevett, Nicole M.; Mouanoutoua, John; Roesslein, Rachel – Exceptional Children, 2021
This meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of supplemental Tier-2 mathematics interventions for students with mathematics difficulties (MD). We reviewed 39 experimental and quasi-experimental studies that included 40 independent samples, with 61 treatment groups. Utilizing robust variance estimation (RVE), results revealed a treatment effect of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
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Sullivan, Amanda L.; Kulkarni, Tara; Chhuon, Vichet – Exceptional Children, 2020
Although disproportionality has been a focus of special education research for more than 50 years, relatively few researchers have addressed potential inequitable or inappropriate treatment of Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students in the United States, particularly in quantitative research. This multistudy investigation explored…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Asian American Students, Pacific Americans, Special Education
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Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Swanson, Elizabeth; Scammacca, Nancy – Exceptional Children, 2020
This article presents findings from a quasiexperimental study examining the effects of a Tier 2 intervention aligned to Tier 1 instruction, a nonaligned Tier 2 intervention, and a business-as-usual (BAU) comparison on the content knowledge, vocabulary, and reading outcomes of fourth-grade struggling readers. In the aligned condition, teachers were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Response to Intervention, Reading Comprehension
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Ciullo, Stephen; Collins, Alyson; Wissinger, Daniel R.; McKenna, John William; Lo, Yu-Ling; Osman, David – Exceptional Children, 2020
This meta-analysis synthesized over 40 years of research (k = 42 studies) in the social studies for students with learning disabilities. We analyzed the various mechanisms that researchers have used to improve outcomes in the social studies by conducting a subgroup investigation of interventions targeting the following instructional categories:…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Social Studies, Intervention
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