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Showing 106 to 120 of 211 results Save | Export
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Wackers, Ger – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
End-of-life care is an important object of governance. Using the linguistic notions of polysemy, metaphorical blending and counterfactual reasoning, this paper critically examines epistemic issues in professional guidelines for palliative sedation of the dying. As a last resort option, palliative sedation is described as the intentional,…
Descriptors: Death, Drug Therapy, Pain, Quality of Life
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Wallenburg, Iris; Pols, Jeannette; de Bont, Antoinette – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
This paper addresses contemporary reform in postgraduate medical education that aims to standardise training. The reforms are guided by public policy interventions to increase quality of care, objectify performance, and to prepare residents for changing health care needs. This paper draws on an ethnographic study in the Netherlands, studying how…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Educational Change, Change Strategies, Ethnography
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Markussen, Rolf Andreas; Wackers, Ger – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Guidelines play a vital role in the governance of professional practitioners in the frontline of the welfare state towards practices based on scientific knowledge. However the viability of guidelines as a genre of governing devices is by no means self-evident. This article interrogates the somewhat mysterious survival of one particular guideline.…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Guidelines, Governance, Professional Personnel
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Sager, Morten; Eriksson, Lena – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
In this article we describe and diagnose ailments suffered by the so-called "medical insurance decision-making support tool" that was published in 2007 as part of a major reform of the Swedish social insurance. Through document studies and interviews the guideline is analysed and compared with a reference case, a guideline within…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Insurance, Decision Making, Interviews
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Zardo, Pauline; Collie, Alex; Livingstone, Charles – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Organisational factors can affect the success of interventions aimed at increasing research use. Research is needed to identify organisational factors affecting research use in specific public health policy contexts. Qualitative interviews with decision makers from a specific public health context identified a range of organisational factors that…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Organizational Climate, Intervention, Research
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Harnan, Sue Elizabeth; Cooper, Katy; Jones, Sarah Lynne; Jones, Elaine – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Full systematic reviews are time and resource heavy. We describe a method successfully used to produce a rapid review of yoga for health and wellbeing, with limited resources, using mapping methods. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori and refined "post hoc," with the review team blind to the study results to minimise…
Descriptors: Well Being, Health Promotion, Metacognition, Physical Activities
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White, Linda A.; Prentice, Susan; Perlman, Michal – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
An expanding body of research demonstrates that high quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) programmes generate positive outcomes for children; in response, policy makers in a number of countries are making significant programme investments. No research consensus, however, has emerged around the specific types of policy intervention…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Evidence Based Practice, Educational Quality, Teacher Competencies
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Bannister, Jon; O'Sullivan, Anthony – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
Context conditions the nature of policy development. The relationship between evidence and policy is similarly conditioned in terms of the types of evidence deployed to address specific policy matters. This raises a number of interesting questions: how are different types of evidence best classified? Are there systematic linkages between context…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Foreign Countries, Evidence, Policy Formation
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Milne, Barry John; Lay-Yee, Roy; McLay, Jessica; Tobias, Martin; Tuohy, Pat; Armstrong, Ann; Lynn, Robert; Pearson, Janet; Mannion, Oliver; Davis, Peter – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
We have developed a software-based tool to support a dynamic micro-simulation model of life-course development (to age 13) as an aid to policy makers assessing the impact of policies affecting children. We demonstrate how this approach bridges the research-policy gap by creating: (1) an easy transfer of evidence in a form that policymakers can use…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Simulation, Models, Child Development
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Cooper, Amanda – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
Knowledge mobilisation (KMb) attempts to address research-policy-practice gaps in education. Research brokering organisations (RBOs) are third party, intermediary organisations whose active role between research producers and users is a catalyst for research use in education. Sample: 44 Canadian RBOs in the education sector. Methodology: employed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Knowledge Management, Research, Measurement Techniques
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Ouimet, Mathieu; Bédard, Pierre-Olivier; Léon, Grégory; Dagenais, Christian – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
This study provides an empirical test of the assumption that the credibility of the messenger is one of the factors that influence knowledge mobilisation among policy makers. This general hypothesis was tested using a database of 321 social scientists from the province of Quebec that combines survey and bibliometric data. A regression model was…
Descriptors: Evidence, Faculty, Regression (Statistics), Knowledge Level
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Karlsson, Patrik; Bergmark, Anders; Lundström, Tommy – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
We explore how four evidence-producing organisations in the US go ahead when they rate the evidence base for psychosocial interventions, using the Incredible Years programme as our case study. The findings demonstrate variation in the procedures and resulting evidence claims across the organisations, with some organisations being strict and some…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Intervention, Organizations (Groups), Evaluation Methods
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Willis, Cameron D.; Best, Allan; Riley, Barbara; Herbert, Carol P.; Millar, John; Howland, David – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
Incremental approaches to introducing change in Canada's health systems have not sufficiently improved the quality of services and outcomes. Further progress requires 'large system transformation', considered to be the systematic effort to generate coordinated change across organisations sharing a common vision and goal. This essay draws on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Services, Change Strategies, Systems Approach
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Toner, Paul; Lloyd, Charlie; Thom, Betsy; MacGregor, Susanne; Godfrey, Christine; Herring, Rachel; Tchilingirian, Jordan – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
This paper explores the competing influences which inform public health policy and describes the role that research evidence plays within the policy-making process. In particular it draws on a recent English alcohol policy case study to assess the role of evidence in informing policy and practice. Semi-structured interviews with key national,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Influences, Public Health, Public Policy
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Alexanderson, Karin; Hyvönen, Ulf; Karlsson, Per-Åke; Larsson, Anne-Marie – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
The article describes and analyses some preliminary working methods for user involvement in child welfare. The models are based on the results of a national project in Sweden where children and young people have been involved as informants. How experiences and viewpoints from children and young people can be a source of knowledge in child welfare…
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Evidence Based Practice, Models, Caseworker Approach
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