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Showing 91 to 105 of 203 results Save | Export
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Nyström, Monica Elisabeth; Hansson, Johan; Garvare, Rickard; Andersson-Bäck, Monica – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
This article investigates the role of locally based research and development units (R&Ds) focusing on health and social services. Nearly 300 local R&Ds are funded by the Swedish government with the intention to facilitate knowledge transfer and development of high quality and effective health and social care organisations. Based on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Services, Social Services, Older Adults
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Caird, Jenny; Sutcliffe, Katy; Kwan, Irene; Dickson, Kelly; Thomas, James – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
When swift, accurate appraisal of evidence is required to inform policy concerning broad research questions, and budgetary constraints limit the employment of large research teams, researchers face a significant challenge which is sometimes met by reviewing existing systematic reviews. In this paper we highlight the challenges inherent in the…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Evaluation Methods, Research Methodology, Literature Reviews
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Stewart, Ellen; Smith, Katherine E. – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Concerns about the limited influence of research on decision making have prompted the development of tools intended to mediate evidence for policy audiences. This article focuses on three examples, prominent in public health: impact assessments; systematic reviews; and economic decision-making tools (cost-benefit analysis and scenario modelling).…
Descriptors: Public Health, Decision Making, Outcome Measures, Epistemology
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Fernler, Karin – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Based on an ethnographic study, this article investigates an attempt by a multidisciplinary group to employ pre-developed guidelines for producing a knowledge base that was to be used in a policy decision. The article contributes to previous studies of the development and use of knowledge-based guidelines and knowledge syntheses in policy-research…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Evidence, Guidelines, Knowledge Level
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Warren, Jon; Garthwaite, Kayleigh – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Becker (1967) poses the question "Whose side are we on?," a question which has become an enduring part of discussions within social scientific methodology. This paper explores the key issues in Becker's argument and considers its relevance to researchers today, locating this within a consideration of evaluation-based research and policy.…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Evaluation Problems, Research Problems, Social Science Research
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Dwan, Kathryn Madonna; McInnes, Peter; Mazumdar, Soumya – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Researchers are increasingly being asked to demonstrate the impact of their research on policy. Unfortunately, evidence on what works is scarce because it is rarely reported and evaluated. This paper describes a programme of facilitated engagement between knowledge producers and users on topics of joint research and policy interest, and validates…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Research and Development, Theory Practice Relationship, Research Utilization
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Jørgensen, Marianne Winther – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Nikolas Rose's work on contemporary biopower centres the "biocitizen" as a subject governed through freedom and made individually responsible in matters of health. This article argues that a focus on its conditions of possibility will enable a better contextualisation of the biocitizen as merely one subject position among others. Using a…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Patients, Self Determination, Public Policy
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Wackers, Ger – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
End-of-life care is an important object of governance. Using the linguistic notions of polysemy, metaphorical blending and counterfactual reasoning, this paper critically examines epistemic issues in professional guidelines for palliative sedation of the dying. As a last resort option, palliative sedation is described as the intentional,…
Descriptors: Death, Drug Therapy, Pain, Quality of Life
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Wallenburg, Iris; Pols, Jeannette; de Bont, Antoinette – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
This paper addresses contemporary reform in postgraduate medical education that aims to standardise training. The reforms are guided by public policy interventions to increase quality of care, objectify performance, and to prepare residents for changing health care needs. This paper draws on an ethnographic study in the Netherlands, studying how…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Educational Change, Change Strategies, Ethnography
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Markussen, Rolf Andreas; Wackers, Ger – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Guidelines play a vital role in the governance of professional practitioners in the frontline of the welfare state towards practices based on scientific knowledge. However the viability of guidelines as a genre of governing devices is by no means self-evident. This article interrogates the somewhat mysterious survival of one particular guideline.…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Guidelines, Governance, Professional Personnel
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Sager, Morten; Eriksson, Lena – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
In this article we describe and diagnose ailments suffered by the so-called "medical insurance decision-making support tool" that was published in 2007 as part of a major reform of the Swedish social insurance. Through document studies and interviews the guideline is analysed and compared with a reference case, a guideline within…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Insurance, Decision Making, Interviews
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Zardo, Pauline; Collie, Alex; Livingstone, Charles – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Organisational factors can affect the success of interventions aimed at increasing research use. Research is needed to identify organisational factors affecting research use in specific public health policy contexts. Qualitative interviews with decision makers from a specific public health context identified a range of organisational factors that…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Organizational Climate, Intervention, Research
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Harnan, Sue Elizabeth; Cooper, Katy; Jones, Sarah Lynne; Jones, Elaine – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Full systematic reviews are time and resource heavy. We describe a method successfully used to produce a rapid review of yoga for health and wellbeing, with limited resources, using mapping methods. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori and refined "post hoc," with the review team blind to the study results to minimise…
Descriptors: Well Being, Health Promotion, Metacognition, Physical Activities
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White, Linda A.; Prentice, Susan; Perlman, Michal – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
An expanding body of research demonstrates that high quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) programmes generate positive outcomes for children; in response, policy makers in a number of countries are making significant programme investments. No research consensus, however, has emerged around the specific types of policy intervention…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Evidence Based Practice, Educational Quality, Teacher Competencies
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Bannister, Jon; O'Sullivan, Anthony – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
Context conditions the nature of policy development. The relationship between evidence and policy is similarly conditioned in terms of the types of evidence deployed to address specific policy matters. This raises a number of interesting questions: how are different types of evidence best classified? Are there systematic linkages between context…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Foreign Countries, Evidence, Policy Formation
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