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Heywood, Peter; Stephani, Anne Marie; Garner, Paul – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2018
Cochrane is an international network that produces and updates new knowledge through systematic reviews for the health sector. Knowledge is a shared resource, and can be viewed as a commons. As Cochrane has been in existence for 25 years, we used Elinor Ostrom's theory of the commons and Institutional Analysis and Development Framework to appraise…
Descriptors: International Organizations, Health, Literature Reviews, Shared Resources and Services
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Morton, Sarah; Seditas, Karen – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2018
Barriers to using research in practice are well documented. This paper describes an innovative process developed by the Centre for Research on Families and Relationships to address these barriers. We supported people to define what they needed to know; how existing evidence could help; and how to use evidence in practice. An action-focused…
Descriptors: Research and Development, Theory Practice Relationship, Evidence Based Practice, Foreign Countries
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Ward, Vicky – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2017
Knowledge mobilisers (people who move knowledge into action) face a number of challenges. These include making sense of diverse definitions, navigating through fragmented literature and identifying helpful models and tools. This paper presents a framework designed to help. Based on a review of 47 knowledge mobilisation models, it consists of four…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Knowledge Management, Models, Literature Reviews
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Brennan, Sue E.; Cumpston, Miranda; Misso, Marie L.; McDonald, Steve; Murphy, Matthew J.; Green, Sally E. – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
The Policy Liaison Initiative (PLI) is a long-term knowledge translation initiative designed to support the use of Cochrane systematic reviews in health policy. A joint initiative between the Australasian Cochrane Centre and Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, the PLI includes: 1) a community of practice for evidence-informed…
Descriptors: Program Design, Formative Evaluation, Policy, Health
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Caird, Jenny; Sutcliffe, Katy; Kwan, Irene; Dickson, Kelly; Thomas, James – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
When swift, accurate appraisal of evidence is required to inform policy concerning broad research questions, and budgetary constraints limit the employment of large research teams, researchers face a significant challenge which is sometimes met by reviewing existing systematic reviews. In this paper we highlight the challenges inherent in the…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Evaluation Methods, Research Methodology, Literature Reviews
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Evans, David – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2014
The last 20 years have seen significant international shifts towards greater patient and public involvement (PPI) in health research and development (R and D). In England, then first health R and D strategy in 1991 did not mention PPI. Twenty years later, PPI is deeply embedded within the National Institute for Health Research. This article…
Descriptors: Patients, Public Opinion, Community Involvement, Medical Research
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Chambers, Duncan; Grant, Rod; Warren, Erica; Pearson, Sally-Anne; Wilson, Paul – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2012
Systematic reviews provide high-level evidence but there are barriers to their use by policy makers. This paper reports the preparation and evaluation of an evidence briefing, using systematic reviews and other existing sources of synthesised evidence, to support a possible reorganisation of services for young people with eating disorders in an…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Research Utilization, Decision Making, Case Studies
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Konnerup, Merete; Kongsted, Hans Christian – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2012
Formalised research synthesis to underpin evidence-based policy and practice has become increasingly important in areas of public policy. In this paper we discuss whether the Cochrane standard for systematic reviews of healthcare interventions is appropriate for social research. We examine the formal criteria of the Cochrane Collaboration for…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Evidence Based Practice, Social Science Research, Public Health
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Dagenais, Christian; Lysenko, Larysa; Abrami, Philip C.; Bernard, Robert M.; Ramde, Jean; Janosz, Michel – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2012
The trend towards using research knowledge to improve policies and practices is on the rise. However, despite considerable effort and notable progress in recent years, it seems that school practitioners continue to make little use of research and it is not clear what conditions would facilitate or obstruct this use. This review focuses exclusively…
Descriptors: Research Utilization, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Bunn, Frances; Sworn, Katie – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2011
The last few decades have seen a growing emphasis on evidence-based decision making in healthcare. Systematic reviews synthesising research have been a key component of this movement. However, there is concern that such syntheses do not have the expected impact on policy with more work needed to enable us to maximise their potential. The aim of…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Decision Making, Health Services, Literature Reviews
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Moore, Gabriel; Redman, Sally; Haines, Mary; Todd, Angela – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2011
Policy agencies are implementing strategies to increase the use of research in policy decisions. This paper examines the evidence about the effectiveness of these strategies. We conducted an extensive search focused on population health policy and programmes. We classified 106 papers meeting study criteria into research type (conceptual,…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Policy Formation, Decision Making, Program Effectiveness