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Bøllingtoft Knudsen, Søren – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2018
Focus on evidence-based policymaking is greater than ever, and public spending on evaluations is rising. A primary merit of these expenditures is that politicians actually use new knowledge instrumentally--to influence and inform decision making. Nevertheless, we know surprisingly little about whether and how research-based knowledge is utilised.…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Information Utilization, Research Utilization, Measures (Individuals)
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Jessani, Nasreen; Kennedy, Caitlin; Bennett, Sara – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2017
This article examines the complex interactions and strategies for engagement--both existing as well as desired--between academic Knowledge Brokers (KBs) and national health policymakers in Kenya. Based on semi-structured interviews with academic KBs and university leaders from six Schools of Public Health (SPHs) as well as national policymakers,…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Decision Making, Public Health, Foreign Countries
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Haarhuis, Carolien Maria Klein; Smit, Monika – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2017
Ex ante research can contribute to evidence-informed policies. In this article, we explore numbers and types of ex ante studies as well as their use. First, we took stock of a potentially wide range of ex ante studies published by the Dutch government between 2005 and 2011, applying a systematic approach. Though unevenly distributed across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evidence Based Practice, Public Policy, Research
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Stucki, Iris – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
This article analyses the reporting of evidence in Swiss direct-democratic campaigns in the health policy sector, assuming that an informed public helps democracy function successfully. A content analysis of the media's news reporting shows that of 5030 media items retrieved, a reference to evidence is found in 6.8%. The voter receives evidence in…
Descriptors: Debate, Social Media, Health Services, Public Policy
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Moore, Gabriel Mary; Redman, Sally; Turner, Tari; Haines, Mary – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
Rapid reviews of research are a key way in which policy makers use research. This paper examines 74 rapid reviews commissioned by health policy agencies through the Sax Institute's Evidence Check programme. We examine what prompted policy makers to commission rapid reviews, their purpose, how and when they intended to use them, and how this varied…
Descriptors: Health Services, Research Utilization, Evidence Based Practice, Policy Formation
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Hawkins, Benjamin; Parkhurst, Justin – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
Calls for evidence-based policy often fail to recognise the fundamentally political nature of policy making. Policy makers must identify, evaluate and utilise evidence to solve policy problems in the face of competing priorities and political agendas. Evidence should inform but cannot determine policy choices. This paper draws on theories of…
Descriptors: Governance, Health Services, Public Policy, Evidence
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van der Heide, Iris; van der Noordt, Maaike; Proper, Karin I.; Schoemaker, Casper; van den Berg, Matthijs; Hamberg-van Reenen, Heleen H. – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
One of the barriers regarding evidence-informed decision making is the gap between the needs of policy makers and the ways researchers present evidence. This pilot study evaluates the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a tool to enhance transparent and unambiguous communication on scientific evidence by knowledge workers.…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Public Health, Barriers, Pilot Projects
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Notarianni, Maryann; Sundar, Purnima; Carter, Charles – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2016
Using the best available evidence to inform decision making is important for the design or delivery of effective health-related services and broader public policy. Several studies identify barriers and facilitators to evidence-informed decision making in Canadian health settings. This paper describes how the Ontario Centre of Excellence for Child…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evidence, Mental Health Programs, Theory Practice Relationship
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Stewart, Ruth – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
The effective use of public policy to reduce poverty and inequality in southern Africa requires an increased use of research evidence to inform decision making. There is an absence of clear evidence as to how best to encourage evidence-informed decision making, and how to build capacity among decision makers in the use of research. This paper…
Descriptors: Capacity Building, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Poverty
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Gibson, Jenny; Kelvin, Raphael; Goodyer, Ian – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
In this paper we describe a systematic attempt to determine whether child and adolescent mental health policy demonstrably draws upon peer-reviewed evidence, and to discover which other sources of evidence could be considered influential in policy development. In brief, we found that the scientific evidence base had been underutilised. However,…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Child Health, Children, Adolescents
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Traynor, Robyn; Dobbins, Maureen; DeCorby, Kara – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
The investment of decision makers in research can increase the likelihood that relevant and timely practice-based research questions are asked and that these findings are readily taken up into policy and practice. While many positive benefits may be gained from this type of research, various challenges may also arise along the way. These include:…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Research Problems, Policy, Theory Practice Relationship
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Stewart, Ellen; Smith, Katherine E. – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Concerns about the limited influence of research on decision making have prompted the development of tools intended to mediate evidence for policy audiences. This article focuses on three examples, prominent in public health: impact assessments; systematic reviews; and economic decision-making tools (cost-benefit analysis and scenario modelling).…
Descriptors: Public Health, Decision Making, Outcome Measures, Epistemology
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Jørgensen, Marianne Winther – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Nikolas Rose's work on contemporary biopower centres the "biocitizen" as a subject governed through freedom and made individually responsible in matters of health. This article argues that a focus on its conditions of possibility will enable a better contextualisation of the biocitizen as merely one subject position among others. Using a…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Patients, Self Determination, Public Policy
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Sager, Morten; Eriksson, Lena – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
In this article we describe and diagnose ailments suffered by the so-called "medical insurance decision-making support tool" that was published in 2007 as part of a major reform of the Swedish social insurance. Through document studies and interviews the guideline is analysed and compared with a reference case, a guideline within…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Insurance, Decision Making, Interviews
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Zardo, Pauline; Collie, Alex; Livingstone, Charles – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2015
Organisational factors can affect the success of interventions aimed at increasing research use. Research is needed to identify organisational factors affecting research use in specific public health policy contexts. Qualitative interviews with decision makers from a specific public health context identified a range of organisational factors that…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Organizational Climate, Intervention, Research
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