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Yanovitzky, Itzhak; Weber, Matthew – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
A broad range of methodologies is routinely employed to track and analyse use of research evidence in public policymaking. However, available methods and tools are mostly equipped to track 'evidence' but are less equipped to capture and represent 'use' of evidence. In particular, existing methods overlook policymakers' frequent use of evidence for…
Descriptors: Evidence, Public Policy, Policy Formation, Persuasive Discourse
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Mols, Frank; Bell, Jennifer; Head, Brian – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
It is widely agreed that the availability of high quality evidence does not translate readily into influence over policy decisions. This insight has generated long-running debates about the most effective way to 'bridge the gap' between policy research and policymaking, and to increase policy research 'uptake'. The proposed remedies (for example,…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Policy Formation, Research Utilization, Leadership
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Lee Pettman, Tahna; Armstrong, Rebecca; Johnson, Shae; Love, Penelope; Gill, Timothy; Coveney, John; Swinburn, Boyd; Allender, Steven – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Obesity prevention is an urgent public health priority that requires action at multiple levels. Collaboration between academics, policy and practice is necessary to ensure best-practice implementation. A national knowledge translation and exchange (KT) platform, the Collaboration of Community-based Obesity Prevention Sites (CO-OPS), was delivered…
Descriptors: Obesity, Prevention, Program Evaluation, Theory Practice Relationship
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Masood, Sara; Kothari, Anita; Regan, Sandra – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
The use of robust research findings in public health policy has been strongly encouraged for bridging the evidence-policy gap. To assess and further promote evidence uptake, understanding how research evidence is being used by decision makers is very important. This systematic review examined primary studies exploring the use of research evidence…
Descriptors: Public Health, Policy Formation, Evidence, Barriers
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Warren, Peter – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Evidence reviews, commonly confused with literature reviews, are a crucial method not only for collating and synthesising the evidence base, but also for determining what the quality of previous evidence is and extracting the most amount of value from previous studies using systematic techniques. The paper focuses on the use of evidence reviews to…
Descriptors: Energy, Climate, Public Policy, Evidence
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Décieux, Jean Philippe Pierre – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Knowledge co-production is a solution-oriented approach to analysing real-life problems such as making the right decision in a given scenario. The most popular examples come from evidence-based policymaking contexts. Political decisions made in this way rely on specialist expertise co-produced in organisations that can be characterised as Hybrid…
Descriptors: Policy Formation, Decision Making, Evidence, Content Analysis
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Fafard, Patrick; Hoffman, Steven J. – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
There is continuing interest in using the best available research evidence to inform public health policy. However, all too often efforts to do so rely on mechanistic and unrealistic views of the process by which public policy is made. As a result, traditional dyadic knowledge translation (KT) approaches may not be particularly effective when…
Descriptors: Public Health, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Decision Making
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DuVal, Gordon; Shah, Seema – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Introduction: The appropriate role of evidence in health policy decision making is controversial and requires more data on how decisions are actually made. Option B+ is a strategy to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV that involves starting pregnant, HIV-positive women on triple drug antiretroviral therapy (ART) and continuing for…
Descriptors: Policy Formation, Decision Making, Safety, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
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Connolly, John; Reid, Garth; Knoll, Monja; Halliday, Wendy; Windsor, Shirley – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
This is a follow-up study to Reid et al (2017) which considered the barriers and facilitators of getting knowledge into policy when using a knowledge brokering approach. The previous study analysed the use of strategies to reduce barriers to the use of evidence in mental health strategy planning in Scotland using outcome frameworks. The main…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Barriers, Public Policy, Sustainability
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Smith-Merry, Jennifer – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Evidence-based policy has at its foundation a set of ideas about what makes evidence valid so that it can be trusted in the creation of policy. This validity is frequently conceptualised in terms of rigour deriving from scientific studies which adhere to highly structured processes around data collection, analysis and inscription. In comparison,…
Descriptors: Policy, Evidence Based Practice, Validity, Experiential Learning
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Mazanderani, Fadhila; Noorani, Tehseen; Dudhwala, Farzana; Kamwendo, Zara Thokozani – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
This paper explores how personal experience acquires the status of knowledge and/or evidence in contemporary healthcare contexts that emphasise being both patient-centred and evidence-based. Drawing on a comparative analysis of three case studies -- self-help and mutual aid groups; online patient activism; and patient feedback in healthcare…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Employment Experience, Health Services, Knowledge Level
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Cohen, Alison K.; Ozer, Emily J.; Abraczinskas, Michelle; Voight, Adam; Kirshner, Ben; Devinney, Molly – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Background: Youth participatory action research (YPAR) is an equity-focused approach intended to generate local knowledge and democratise the production of research evidence. Aims/objectives: We explore the promise and challenges of YPAR to inform education policy decision making. We focus on California's Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF)'s…
Descriptors: Action Research, Participatory Research, Research Methodology, School Districts
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Pallett, Helen – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Background: Debates about evidence-based policy (EBP) were revived in the UK in the 2010s in the context of civil service reform and changing practices of policy making, including institutionalisation of public participation in science policy making. Aims and objectives: This paper aims to explore this revival of interest in EBP in the context of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evidence Based Practice, Citizen Participation, Policy Formation
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Paul, Katharina T.; Palfinger, Thomas – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
Background: Vaccination policy has grown increasingly polarised, and concerns about vaccination practices are often articulated jointly with fears over declining trust in scientific expertise and the demise of evidence-based policy. This has led to a discursive deadlock in which evidence comes to denote something that is crafted and monopolised by…
Descriptors: Immunization Programs, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Foreign Countries, Adolescents
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Sorbie, Annie – Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 2020
In this article I respond to the tendency of the law to approach 'the public interest' as a legal test, thereby drawing the criticism that this narrow notion of what purports to be in the "public" interest is wholly disconnected from the views of actual publics, and lacks social legitimacy. On the other hand, to simply extrapolate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Confidentiality, Data, Health
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