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Eurydice, 2010
The guiding principles and procedures for pupil assessment in Portuguese compulsory education were established by the Implementing Order No. 1/2005, 5th January, with amendments introduced by the Implementing Orders No. 18/2006, 14th March and No. 5/2007, 10th January, and apply to the learning objectives and competencies defined for the various…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, National Curriculum, Compulsory Education, Formative Evaluation
Ricci, Roberto – Eurydice, 2009
The evaluation at Italian Primary and Lower Secondary school levels in Italy is mainly defined by the continuous assessment performed by teachers. It is based on both the oral and written pupils' outputs, on the fulfilment of school projects and on the assignment and carrying out of homeworks. It may be both a formative assessment and/or a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Eurydice, 2009
There is an extensive structure of formal student assessment in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Although the structures in each of these countries were similar when they were initially introduced two decades ago, they have increasingly diverged over the last decade. This national description outlines the development of statutory assessment…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Eurydice, 2009
In Spain the evaluation of the education system is viewed as an essential element in order to improve the quality of education, since it constitutes a valuable instrument for the monitoring and assessment of both the functioning and the results of the education system, as well as for the improvement of the processes delivering these results. The…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Eurydice, 2009
Pupil assessment procedures and methods in Greece are set and "standardized" externally by the central authorities as defined in the legislative framework, the National Curriculum guidelines and teachers' manuals, while implementation is internal to the schools. The focus of primary schools is on formative assessment, while the lower…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Eurydice, 2009
Hungary has been experiencing major changes and innovation initiatives in public education in the last decade. Transparency of school processes and a focus on outcome and effectiveness have become major issues. Accordingly, the methodology of making relevant data accessible to those concerned has gained major importance. In terms of assessment,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Vassallo, Peter – Eurydice, 2009
At Kindergarten Level (ages 3 to 5) pupil assessment focuses on their physical development, social development, creative development, intellectual development (which includes language and mathematical development) and their understanding of the world around them. At this level there is no formal teaching; the Kindergarten practitioner is…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Mere, Kristi – Eurydice, 2009
Estonia restored its independence in 1991. The creation of legislation and reorganisation of the educational system was one of the first tasks of the restored Republic of Estonia. The development of the national curriculum for basic and upper secondary schools that provided a framework substituting the previous study modules, and the creation of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Bigeliene, Daiva; Gudynas, Pranas; Ranonyte, Asta; Uginciene, Egle – Eurydice, 2009
The guiding principles of assessment policy and practice in Lithuania are described in the Law on Education (2003), General Curriculum and Educational Standards for Pre-school, Primary and Basic education (2003) and General Education Plans (2008-2009) as well as the special policy document on assessment called The Concept of Assessment of Pupils'…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Eurydice, 2009
In contrast to many other European countries, national testing is a relatively new phenomenon in Austria's education system. Educational standards tests, aimed at providing a basis for monitoring and evaluating schools and the education system, were created in addition to the traditional system of continuous assessment. In Austria, pupils at ISCED…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Ver Eecke, Els; Verhaegen, Veerle; Wouters, Marleen – Eurydice, 2009
In Flanders, schools are autonomous in their pupil evaluation policy. It is a long and standing tradition that teachers choose their own evaluation methods and make their own tests and exams to decide whether a pupil will or will not pass. The attribution of certificates and diplomas is of old the responsibility of the class council. Flanders does…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment
Mihail, Roxana – Eurydice, 2009
For ISCED levels 1 and ISCED 2 student assessment is conducted according to the same principles applicable in the whole pre-university education in Romania: the specific policies and strategies developed by The Ministry of Education, Research and Innovation (1) are seeking a balance between teacher made, school-based assessment, and national…
Descriptors: Testing, Foreign Countries, Boards of Education, Early Childhood Education
Eurydice, 2009
The Thesaurus for Education Systems in Europe (TESE-2009 edition) is a multilingual thesaurus and a robust information retrieval tool focusing on European education systems and policies. It is specifically designed to cover the indexation needs of the Eurydice network and to facilitate information retrieval on Eurydice's central website. It can…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Multilingualism, Comparative Education, Educational Policy
Wimmer, Michael; Schad, Anke; Nagel, Tanja – Eurydice, 2008
This paper focuses on Austria's arts and cultural education. The Austrian arts curriculum is organised as separate subjects. It includes music, visual arts and crafts (divided into two separate subjects: technical crafts and textile arts). The Austrian curriculum refers to "Bildungs- und Lehraufgaben", i.e. educational and teaching…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Art Education, Cultural Education, Educational Administration
Zigra, Evi; Mimousi, Litsa – Eurydice, 2008
This paper focuses on Greece's arts and cultural education. The main intention of the curriculum is the cultivation of pupils' creativeness and action, the production of artwork, the appreciation and awareness of cultural dimension and the contribution of art in the process of the society diachronic and synchronic. In this context, the main aims…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Art Education, Cultural Education, Educational Administration
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