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Gow, Lyn – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1988
The findings of a national review of integration policies and practices in Australia's schools, commissioned by the Commonwealth Schools Commission, are summarized. Barriers to effective integration in Australia are outlined and some of the factors vital to effective integration are discussed. (JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education
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Tomlinson, Sally – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1988
Critical theory is applied to determine why larger numbers of children are now identified as having special needs; acquiring such labels is found to be the result of complex social, economic, and political considerations. Explanations for educational problems are offered at three levels: personal/interpersonal, environmental/institutional, and…
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Educational Needs, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education
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Blythman, Marion – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1988
This review of research and related developments in special education in Scotland from 1975-1985 concludes that research has increased the knowledge and understanding of teachers of pupils with learning difficulties and has underpinned policy development, but that teachers need to be encouraged to be more involved in research. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational History, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Wagenaar, E.; Scholte, E. M. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1988
Analyzed were teachers' attitudes and interventions with regard to 4-year-old children with and without learning/behavior problems. Results of the study, involving 184 children in Dutch primary schools, focus on the number of children with problems, sex differences, differences between Dutch and non-Dutch children, and teacher attitudes toward…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, High Risk Students
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Jernqvist, Lillemor – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
Conductive education, originating in Hungary, teaches children with neurological disorders basic aspects of living and preschool skills. Speech, movement, and function are never separated, and speech use in a regulative function is a distinctive characteristic of the method. Task series teach movement and coordination of speech and movement. (MSE)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Equipment, Foreign Countries, Movement Education
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Pearce, M.; Norwich, B. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
A study compared the effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction and direct instruction in promoting simple number estimation skills in a group of eight children with moderate learning problems. Results showed that both approaches are associated with direct and transfer gains durable over four weeks. (MSE)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Estimation (Mathematics)
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Bowman, Irene – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
A study of fourteen countries in UNESCO's five regions looked at teacher training for mainstream education, teacher education and curricula for special education, and teacher attitudes toward mainstreaming. Results are presented and conclusions about similarities and differences are drawn. (MSE)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Schindele, Rudolf A. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
The history and current state of educational support services in regular education for students with visual impairments in West Germany is outlined, drawing on a literature review and national survey. Conclusions are drawn from practical experiences and corresponding research. (MSE)
Descriptors: Ancillary School Services, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Gulliford, Ronald – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
As special needs children are integrated into regular education, new needs in teacher training have become apparent. Focusing on the United Kingdom, this paper discusses the training of special education teachers and the preservice education and inservice training of all teachers. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Mainstreaming
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Marchesi, Alvaro – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1986
This paper analyzes a project approved by the Spanish government in 1985 to integrate special needs children into regular education. Outlined are characteristics of the Spanish educational system, parameters of practice in the integration project, and plans for the systematic evaluation of the integration project. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education
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Stevens, Luc M. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1987
The article examines the problem of a good match between early assessment and intervention with educationally at-risk children from the perspective of diagnosis. A combination of empirical (explanatory or predictive) and regulative (designing) approaches is proposed with the educational plan serving as a frame of reference for the regulative…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Teaching, Early Childhood Education, Educational Diagnosis, Evaluation Methods
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Dwyer, Eamonn; Swann, Will – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1987
The study found seriously inferior educational services for mentally handicapped students in special care schools administered by social services authorities in Northern Ireland when compared with special schools for similar children in England and special schools for other children with disabilities in Northern Ireland. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation
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van Dongen, D. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1987
A study of 600 children in Dutch primary schools attempted to identify early predictors of reading problems leading to grade repetition or assignment to special education in first grade. Results suggest that the possibility of early detection is very limited. (MSE)
Descriptors: Early Identification, Foreign Countries, Grade Repetition, Handicap Identification
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Sewell, D. F.; Rotheray, D. R. – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1987
The development and use of educational software for children with severe learning problems are described. The software deals with common conceptual, communicative, and problem-solving problems in this population. It is argued that appropriately structured computer-mediated interaction can result in development and expression of cognitive skills…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Communication Skills, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Software
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Meade, L. C.; And Others – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 1987
Recent pressures on educational psychology services developing from special education legislation are discussed, with particular reference to Scotland and other European countries. It is argued that educational psychologists must re-examine their responsibilities toward special education needs and promote formation of constructive public policy…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Educational Psychology, Foreign Countries
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