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Showing 1 to 15 of 25 results Save | Export
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Gordeeva, Tamara; Sheldon, Kennon; Sychev, Oleg – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Optimistic attributional style has been shown to be reliably associated with high well-being and low depression and (Hu et al., "Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology," 34(4): 304-321, 2015). Via both a meta-analysis and two new studies, we examine the relationship between optimistic attributional style for explaining negative and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attribution Theory, Positive Attitudes, Prediction
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Cincinnato, Sebastiano; Engels, Nadine; Consuegra, Els – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
This study investigates to what extent differences in ability and effort attributions can explain students' reluctance to reorient after failure in the first year at the university. Reluctance to reorient after failure increases the likelihood of drop out. The empirical investigation is based on a sample of fulltime first-entry bachelor students…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Attribution Theory, College Freshmen, Student Adjustment
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Roque, Isabel; de Lemos, Marina Serra; Gonçalves, Teresa – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
This study examined the development of school-related causality beliefs which are children's generalized perceptions of the utility or power of different categories of specific means in producing school outcomes. Based on the action theory perspective, we analyzed the developmental model of these beliefs as well as the trajectories of the…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Developmental Stages, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 2
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de Haan, Mariette; Wissink, Inge – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
The study shows how explanations for school success are expressed and dialogically constructed during teacher-parent conferences at school. Attribution theory is used to conceptualize the various explanations for school success that were expressed. However, instead of only looking at attributions as beliefs which individuals or groups "have", the…
Descriptors: Parent Teacher Conferences, Interaction, Attribution Theory, Interpersonal Communication
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Zhou, Ji; Urhahne, Detlef – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
Based on Weiner's attributional theory of intrapersonal motivation, the mediating effect of attributions between teacher judgment and student motivation was examined. In two studies, 144 German and 272 Chinese fourth-grade elementary school students were tested on their mathematical achievement, causal ascriptions for success and failure,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Student Motivation, Mathematics Tests, Attribution Theory
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Dong, Ying; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Berry, J. Colleen – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
Past research has typically examined only single causal attributions for each student's academic performance; however, it may be the case that students make several unique attributions for a single outcome. Learning a new language has been reported as being a difficult task that may elicit a number of explanations for success and failure.…
Descriptors: College Students, Second Language Learning, Attribution Theory, Second Language Instruction
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Jones, Brett D.; Wilkins, Jesse L. M.; Long, Margaret H.; Wang, Feihong – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2012
Blackwell et al. (Child Development 78(1):246-263, 2007) tested a motivational model of achievement in which an incremental theory of intelligence leads to learning goals and positive effort beliefs, which leads to fewer ability-based, helpless attributions, and more positive strategies, which leads to improved grades. In the present study, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Suburban Schools, Cognitive Processes, Child Development
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Vandenplas-Holper, Christiane; Roskam, Isabelle; Fontaine, Anne-Marie – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2010
Using Harter's ("Child Dev" 53(1):87-97, 1982) perceived competence scale, this study integrates several paradigms related to the issues of self-perceived competence, stability or change and attributional theory. It examines how 268 Belgian and Portuguese fifth graders consider their scholastic, social and physical competence at present…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Cultural Differences, Time Perspective, Educational Policy
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Gilibert, Daniel; Banovic, Ingrid – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
This paper aims to show how training in psychology leads students (at the beginning and the end of their studies) to consider that psychological disorders result from dispositional factors specific to the patients, particularly in therapeutic failure (fundamental attribution error and hindsight bias). Faced with a clinical case of a somatic…
Descriptors: Therapy, Mental Disorders, Graduate Students, Undergraduate Students
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Py, Jacques; Jouffre, Stephane – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
The causal explanation has an effect: (1) on expectancy and value at an intra-individual level (Weiner, 2000); (2) on feeling and affective evaluation at an interpersonal level (Weiner 2000); and (3) on institutional judgment at an organizational level (Dubois, 2003). A study was conducted with pupils between the 4th and 9th grades in order to…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Locus of Control
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Soric, Izabela; Palekcic, Marko – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between students' interests, their use of certain specific learning strategies and causal attributions which they made for their academic achievement. In this manner, we attempted to explore the relationships between some important variables from three different, but connected phases of…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies, Student Motivation
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Reyna, Christine – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
One explanation for the widening achievement gap in America and throughout Europe between ethnic minorities/immigrants, and Whites is the influence of cultural stereotypes on attributions made by both educators and students. This paper explores some factors that increase the likelihood that educators will consciously or unconsciously rely on…
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Ethnic Stereotypes, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries
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Murdock, Tamera B.; Beauchamp, Anne S.; Hinton, Amber M. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
The frequency of cheating in today's classrooms undermines educators' efforts and threatens students' learning. Data from 444 high school students in 48 math and science classrooms at two time points were analyzed to examine the classroom and individual influences on students' attributions of blame for cheating and to examine the relationship…
Descriptors: Cheating, Classrooms, High School Students, Classroom Environment
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Beauvois, Jean-Leon; Depret, Eric – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
We focus on three aspects of the articles of Reyna, of Perry, Stupnisky, Daniels and Haynes, and of Murdock, Beauchamp and Hinton. The first aspect is the logic of causal chain, a logic that we differentiate from a more deterministic approach. The second one is the mode of corrective action (attribution retraining) that is planned for students,…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Personality Traits, Cheating, Low Achievement
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Doise, Willem – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
These short comments try to develop an argumentation in favour of broadening perspectives in attribution research in academic settings. A distinction is made between research purposes that merely aim at developing existing attribution paradigms, or that on the contrary aim at a better understanding of the function of these attributions in a…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Attribution Theory, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior
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