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Beauvois, Jean-Leon; Depret, Eric – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
We focus on three aspects of the articles of Reyna, of Perry, Stupnisky, Daniels and Haynes, and of Murdock, Beauchamp and Hinton. The first aspect is the logic of causal chain, a logic that we differentiate from a more deterministic approach. The second one is the mode of corrective action (attribution retraining) that is planned for students,…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Personality Traits, Cheating, Low Achievement
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Doise, Willem – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
These short comments try to develop an argumentation in favour of broadening perspectives in attribution research in academic settings. A distinction is made between research purposes that merely aim at developing existing attribution paradigms, or that on the contrary aim at a better understanding of the function of these attributions in a…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Attribution Theory, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior
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Hasse, Cathrine – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
It has been argued that in higher education academic disciplines can be seen as communities of practices. This implies a focus on what constitutes identities in academic culture. In this article I argue that the transition from newcomer to a full participant in a community of practice of physicists entails a focus on how identities emerge in…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Disciplines
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Ogborn, Jon; Bliss, Joan – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1990
Offers a theory of how commonsense reasoning about motion may develop. Takes as fundamental the basic categories: action, object, space, cause, time, and movement. Suggests that very primitive elements could combine to provide schemes of motion recognizable in psychological accounts of infancy and generate prototypes of and rules for motion. (DK)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Psychology, Early Childhood Education, Epistemology
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Thorpe, Mary – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Addresses one of three major challenges facing distance education--its claimed overreliance on behaviorist approaches to teaching and learning. Maintains that distance learning encourages students to review their own learning approaches and to be more proactive about their study methods. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Restructuring, Curriculum Development, Distance Education
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Evans, Terry – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Maintains that open and distance education represents contemporary education forms that respond to the shift to late-modernity, especially in educational technology and student-teacher relationships. Drawing on the work of Anthony Giddens, uncovers relationships among distance education, late-modernity, and the self. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Distance Education, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
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van der Veer, Rene – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1994
Maintains that a major theme in Lev Vygotsky's later research was concept formation or conceptual development in child development. States that Vygotsky argued that the acquisition of mature academic concepts forms the crowning achievement of adolescence. Argues that the view raises a number of criticisms. (CFR)
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Bliss, Joan; Morrison, Ian – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1990
Presents results of longitudinal study of secondary school students. Focuses on the relationship between students' cognitive development and the understanding of dynamics. Shows that majority of younger pupils show little or no cognitive progress during three-year period whereas older pupils make reasonable progress. Concludes that different…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Psychology, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education
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Pontecorvo, Clotilde; Zucchermaglio, Cristina – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Presents results of a study of six kinds of linguistic education software. Discusses treatment of language as an object rather than as a means of communication. Reports that the software promotes reflection on language and metalanguage awareness in a social and educational context by stimulating children's interest in playing with language. (DK)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Software Evaluation, Computer Uses in Education, Courseware