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Stenlund, Tova; Lyrén, Per-Erik; Eklöf, Hanna – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2018
To be successful in a high-stakes testing situation is desirable for any test taker. It has been found that, beside content knowledge, test-taking behavior, such as risk-taking strategies, motivation, and test anxiety, is important for test performance. The purposes of the present study were to identify and group test takers with similar patterns…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Testing, Test Anxiety, Risk
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Klapp, Alli – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2018
The purpose of the study was to investigate if academic and social self-concept and motivation to improve in academic school subjects mediated the negative effect of summative assessment (grades) for low-ability students' achievement in compulsory school. In two previous studies, summative assessment (grading) was found to have a differentiating…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Longitudinal Studies, Quasiexperimental Design
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Nordström, Thomas; Jacobson, Christer; Söderberg, Pernilla – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study, using a longitudinal design with a Swedish cohort of young readers, investigates if children's early word decoding ability in second grade can predict later academic performance. In an effort to estimate the unique effect of early word decoding (grade 2) with academic performance (grade 9), gender and non-verbal cognitive ability were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Decoding (Reading), Grade 2
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Eklof, Hanna; Nyroos, Mikaela – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
Although large-scale national tests have been used for many years in Swedish compulsory schools, very little is known about how pupils actually react to these tests. The question is relevant, however, as pupil reactions in the test situation may affect test performance as well as future attitudes towards assessment. The question is relevant also…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Ehrlen, Karin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
To acknowledge both conceptual and situational factors, children's understanding of the Earth was considered from three angles: 1. the perspective as the physical point or direction from which something is seen or depicted; 2. conceptual frameworks; 3. the relevance of explanations in a situation. Fourteen children were interviewed individually in…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation, Comprehension, Astronomy
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Troadec, Bertrand; Zarhbouch, Benaissa; Frede, Valerie – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
The non-computational brand of cognitivism is based on the premise that performances, including those of children, are generated by mental models or representations, i.e., "internal" resources. The sociocultural approach, on the other hand, regards context, i.e., an "external" resource, as the chief means of elaborating…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Sociocultural Patterns, Earth Science, Concept Formation
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Wessels, Holger; Lamb, Michael E.; Hwang, Carl-Philip – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1996
Illustrates problems facing researchers trying to demonstrate causal relationships between types of nonparental care and differences between groups of Swedish children. Argues that efforts must be made to validate and interpret differences that are found. Indicates ways to avoid misinterpretation of differences that are attributable to…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Child Development, Day Care, Educational Assessment
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Preisler, Gunilla Michaela; Ahlstrom, Margareta – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1997
Describes patterns of interaction between hard of hearing and deaf children as well as hard of hearing children. Shows that an easily used sign language code enabled the children to take part in dialogs and had positive consequences for their play as well as their social and emotional development. (DSK)
Descriptors: Child Development, Deafness, Emotional Development, Foreign Countries
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Tulviste, Tiia; Kants, Luule – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2001
Examines the conversational styles and value preferences of Estonian mothers living in Estonia and Sweden. Adolescents and their mothers were videotaped in their homes during mealtime. States that there are differences in conversational styles, explaining that mothers in Estonia are more concerned with controlling the behavior of adolescents. (CMK)
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Communication (Thought Transfer), Educational Research
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Klieme, Echhard; Baumert, Jurgen – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2001
Explores profiles of mathematical competencies in upper secondary students within six countries: (1) Austria; (2) France; (3) Germany; (4) Sweden; (5) Switzerland; and (6) the United States. Explains that results from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) test were in line with expectations about cultural and instructional…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries