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Ziegler, Esther; Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Stern, Elsbeth – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Teacher-directed and self-directed learning have been compared across various contexts. Depending on the settings and the presentation of material, mixed benefits are found; the specific circumstances under which either condition is advantageous are unclear. We combined and reanalyzed data from two experimental studies investigating the effects of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Wu, Chao-Jung; Liu, Chia-Yu; Yang, Chung-Hsuan; Jian, Yu-Cin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Despite decades of research on the close link between eye movements and human cognitive processes, the exact nature of the link between eye movements and deliberative thinking in problem-solving remains unknown. Thus, this study explored the critical eye-movement indicators of deliberative thinking and investigated whether visual behaviors could…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Comprehension, Screening Tests, Scores
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Locher, Franziska Maria; Becker, Sarah; Schiefer, Irene; Pfost, Maximilian – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Reading self-concept is an important predictor of reading comprehension and vice versa. However, the mechanisms that are at work in this relation have yet to be identified. In line with the self-enhancement approach, we propose that in the reading domain, amount of reading, book choice (text difficulty and book length), and intrinsic reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Self Concept, Correlation, Predictor Variables
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Xu, Jianzhong – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Whereas it is often a challenge to keep students motivated and interested in academic tasks, it is more of a challenge to have students stay motivated and interested in academic tasks outside school during nonschool hours--homework. Prior research, however, has largely overlooked the reasons or purposes students have for doing homework and their…
Descriptors: Homework, Goal Orientation, Student Interests, Mathematics Achievement
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Zhu, Chunjie; Urhahne, Detlef – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Numerous studies have focused on the significance and consequences of teacher judgment; the development of teachers' judgment accuracy over time, however, has been rarely examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal stability of teachers' judgment accuracy of students' motivation, emotion, and achievement. The correspondence…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Accuracy, Teacher Attitudes, Student Motivation
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Schweder, Sabine – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
It is generally accepted and well documented that mastery goal orientation positively affects students' learning behavior. However, less is known about this association in self-directed learning during adolescence, which additionally promotes student's positive emotions. This study tested whether positive emotions mediate the association between…
Descriptors: Mastery Learning, Goal Orientation, Psychological Patterns, Student Attitudes
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Amani, Malahat; Nazifi, Morteza; Sorkhabi, Nadia – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Early adolescent girls' (6th grade) academic achievement was examined using parenting styles as predictors and parent involvement and early adolescents' self-regulated learning (SRL) as mediators. Participants were 341 early adolescents, 341 mothers, and 20 teachers (N = 702) among all middle schools of Bojnord, Iran-recruited using cluster,…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Grade 6, Academic Achievement, Parenting Styles
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Bakadorova, Olga; Lazarides, Rebecca; Raufelder, Diana – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
While school self-concept is an important facilitator of a student's school engagement, previous studies rarely investigated whether it may also explain the change in students' school engagement during secondary school. Moreover, as social relations play an increasingly important role in adolescence, the current research distinguishes between the…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Student Participation, Self Concept, Social Influences
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Li, Hongxia; Hua, Xiaoteng; Yang, Yalin; Huang, Bijuan; Si, Jiwei – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Although an increasing number of studies have suggested that students with low mathematics achievement (LMA) tend to perform worse in arithmetic strategy use than children with typical development, the potential reasons remain unclear. Accordingly, the current study investigated the potential impact of task switching on strategy use for children…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement, Arithmetic, Learning Strategies
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de Leur, Tessa; van Boxtel, Carla; Wilschut, Arie – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
The past is not in the classroom to observe and study. Thus, creating a lively and understandable image of a past period or situation is an achievement to be learned. A variety of tasks can be used to stimulate students to create an image of the past. In this experimental study, 151 grade 9 students (14-16 years old) participated by completing a…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Grade 9
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Wei, Dan; Zhang, Danhui; He, Jingwen; Bobis, Janette – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
According to the self-determination theory, autonomy-supportive teaching is considered an effective approach to motivate students to learn. The present study investigates the effect of students' perceived autonomy support on math achievement over time, i.e. from grades 4 to 6, using a longitudinal survey administered in Chinese elementary schools.…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Kavanagh, Lauren – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Given the significant role that academic self-concept plays in students' learning, understanding the psychological processes involved in its formation continues to be an important focus of enquiry. There is strong empirical support for two major models of academic self-concept (ASC) formation: the big-fish-little-pond (BFLP) model and the…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Psychological Patterns
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Hennessey, Alexandra; Humphrey, Neil – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Despite the significant evidence base demonstrating the positive impact of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum on children's social-emotional and mental health outcomes, there has been very little research on its efficacy in improving academic attainment. More generally, the relationship between implementation…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Oostdam, R. J.; Koerhuis, M. J. C.; Fukkink, R. G. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
Much research has been done into the relationship between students' motivation to learn and their basic psychological needs as defined by the self-determination theory (autonomy, competence, relatedness). However, few studies have explored how these psychological needs relate to different types of maladaptive behavior in the classroom. To prevent…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Psychological Needs, Learning Motivation, Self Determination
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Huang, Xiaoxia; Zhang, Jie; Hudson, Laura – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
This study tested a proposed model consisting of mathematics anxiety, mathematics self-efficacy, and implicit theories of intelligence in predicting mathematics and science career interest in middle school students, while controlling for student math level. One hundred fifty-two seventh-grade students in a middle school in the USA participated in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Anxiety, Self Efficacy, Gender Differences
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