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Ziegler, Esther; Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Stern, Elsbeth – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Teacher-directed and self-directed learning have been compared across various contexts. Depending on the settings and the presentation of material, mixed benefits are found; the specific circumstances under which either condition is advantageous are unclear. We combined and reanalyzed data from two experimental studies investigating the effects of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Wu, Chao-Jung; Liu, Chia-Yu; Yang, Chung-Hsuan; Jian, Yu-Cin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Despite decades of research on the close link between eye movements and human cognitive processes, the exact nature of the link between eye movements and deliberative thinking in problem-solving remains unknown. Thus, this study explored the critical eye-movement indicators of deliberative thinking and investigated whether visual behaviors could…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Comprehension, Screening Tests, Scores
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Zhu, Chunjie; Urhahne, Detlef – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Numerous studies have focused on the significance and consequences of teacher judgment; the development of teachers' judgment accuracy over time, however, has been rarely examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal stability of teachers' judgment accuracy of students' motivation, emotion, and achievement. The correspondence…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Accuracy, Teacher Attitudes, Student Motivation
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Amani, Malahat; Nazifi, Morteza; Sorkhabi, Nadia – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Early adolescent girls' (6th grade) academic achievement was examined using parenting styles as predictors and parent involvement and early adolescents' self-regulated learning (SRL) as mediators. Participants were 341 early adolescents, 341 mothers, and 20 teachers (N = 702) among all middle schools of Bojnord, Iran-recruited using cluster,…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Grade 6, Academic Achievement, Parenting Styles
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Li, Hongxia; Hua, Xiaoteng; Yang, Yalin; Huang, Bijuan; Si, Jiwei – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Although an increasing number of studies have suggested that students with low mathematics achievement (LMA) tend to perform worse in arithmetic strategy use than children with typical development, the potential reasons remain unclear. Accordingly, the current study investigated the potential impact of task switching on strategy use for children…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement, Arithmetic, Learning Strategies
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Wei, Dan; Zhang, Danhui; He, Jingwen; Bobis, Janette – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
According to the self-determination theory, autonomy-supportive teaching is considered an effective approach to motivate students to learn. The present study investigates the effect of students' perceived autonomy support on math achievement over time, i.e. from grades 4 to 6, using a longitudinal survey administered in Chinese elementary schools.…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Kavanagh, Lauren – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Given the significant role that academic self-concept plays in students' learning, understanding the psychological processes involved in its formation continues to be an important focus of enquiry. There is strong empirical support for two major models of academic self-concept (ASC) formation: the big-fish-little-pond (BFLP) model and the…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Psychological Patterns
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Arikan, Serkan; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Yagmur, Kutlay – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
The few studies on the achievement differences of mainstream and immigrant primary school students in large-scale assessments point to an achievement gap in many subject areas, with immigrant students trailing mainstream students. A recurrent methodological problem of these studies is that the two student groups do not come from comparable…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Immigrants, Mathematics Achievement, Comparative Education
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Hennessey, Alexandra; Humphrey, Neil – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Despite the significant evidence base demonstrating the positive impact of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum on children's social-emotional and mental health outcomes, there has been very little research on its efficacy in improving academic attainment. More generally, the relationship between implementation…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Hilbert, Sven; Bruckmaier, Georg; Binder, Karin; Krauss, Stefan; Bühner, Markus – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
In the present study, the relationship between the mathematics grade and the three basic cognitive abilities (inhibition, working memory, and reasoning) was analyzed regarding possible alterations during elementary school. In a sample of N = 244 children, the mathematics grade was best predicted by working memory performance in the second grade…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Grades (Scholastic), Short Term Memory, Grade 2
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Edossa, Ashenafi Kassahun; Neuenhaus, Nora; Artelt, Cordula; Lingel, Klaus; Schneider, Wolfgang – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
Knowledge about one's own cognitive processes is the basis for the monitoring and regulation of learning processes for effective reading comprehension. Taking verbal cognitive ability into account, the present study aimed to examine the developmental trajectories of reading comprehension and declarative metacognitive knowledge and their…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Secondary School Students, High Achievement
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Peixoto, Francisco; Sanches, Cristina; Mata, Lourdes; Monteiro, Vera – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study analyzes the relationships between cognitive appraisals, classroom and test emotions, and math achievement in a sample of 1,219 Portuguese students from the 6th and 8th grades. Participants completed measures of perceived value, perceived competence, and seven math achievement emotions (boredom, hopelessness, anger, anxiety, enjoyment,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Competence, Psychological Patterns, Mathematics Achievement
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Grygiel, Pawel; Modzelewski, Michal; Pisarek, Jolanta – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study reports relationships between general academic self-concept and achievement in grade 3 and grade 5. Gender-specific effects were investigated using a longitudinal, two-cycle, 3-year autoregressive cross-lagged panel design in a large, representative sample of Polish primary school pupils (N = 4,226). Analysis revealed (a) reciprocal…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Longitudinal Studies, Gender Differences
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Suviste, Reelika; Palu, Anu; Kikas, Eve; Kiuru, Noona – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study examined the extent to which teaching practices and teaching experience predict mathematics skills of children's in the third through fifth grade by focusing on three cognitive components: (1) knowing facts and procedures, (2) applying this knowledge and (3) using reasoning. This study was longitudinal. The data was collected from 1,810…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Hayek, Anne-Sophie; Toma, Claudia; Guidotti, Sofia; Oberlé, Dominique; Butera, Fabrizio – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
At school, pupils often cooperate on common projects and must coordinate their different individual actions. However, grades are pervasively used even in cooperative situations, which make the pupils' differences in achievement and their relative rank salient and may reduce their inclination to work constructively with others. Thus, we…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Cooperative Learning, Group Dynamics, Group Behavior
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