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Showing 1 to 15 of 27 results Save | Export
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Rawlings, Anna Maria; Tapola, Anna; Niemivirta, Markku – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Students' goal strivings are known to be connected with important outcomes, both academically and with regard to individual well-being. In spite of their importance, our knowledge of factors contributing to their early development is rather limited. In this longitudinal study on school beginners (N = 212), we focused on the interrelationships…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Liu, Ying; Liu, Ru-De; Star, Jon R.; Wang, Jia; Tong, Huimin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Recent research has shown that reducing the perceptual fluency of shape processing can be an effective means for overcoming the interference of the More A-More B intuitive rule among grade 3 students in a perimeter comparison task. From the perspective of cognitive load, the current study focused on the mechanism of perceptual fluency on…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Interference (Learning)
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Hilbert, Sven; Bruckmaier, Georg; Binder, Karin; Krauss, Stefan; Bühner, Markus – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
In the present study, the relationship between the mathematics grade and the three basic cognitive abilities (inhibition, working memory, and reasoning) was analyzed regarding possible alterations during elementary school. In a sample of N = 244 children, the mathematics grade was best predicted by working memory performance in the second grade…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Grades (Scholastic), Short Term Memory, Grade 2
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Kikas, Eve; Tang, Xin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
This study examined relations between child-reported teacher emotional support, teaching practices, and children's task-persistent learning behaviour. The study was carried out in Estonia, where a students' first teacher advances with his/her students and teaches all primary subjects in the first 3 years of schooling. In total, 660 sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Persistence, Student Behavior, Elementary School Students
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Grygiel, Pawel; Modzelewski, Michal; Pisarek, Jolanta – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study reports relationships between general academic self-concept and achievement in grade 3 and grade 5. Gender-specific effects were investigated using a longitudinal, two-cycle, 3-year autoregressive cross-lagged panel design in a large, representative sample of Polish primary school pupils (N = 4,226). Analysis revealed (a) reciprocal…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Longitudinal Studies, Gender Differences
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Suviste, Reelika; Palu, Anu; Kikas, Eve; Kiuru, Noona – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study examined the extent to which teaching practices and teaching experience predict mathematics skills of children's in the third through fifth grade by focusing on three cognitive components: (1) knowing facts and procedures, (2) applying this knowledge and (3) using reasoning. This study was longitudinal. The data was collected from 1,810…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Bressoux, Pascal; Pansu, Pascal – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This article aims to study the relationship between teachers' judgment and pupils' self-perceptions controlling for the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE). Three studies were conducted among third-grade pupils. Study 1 (n = 585) focused on pupils' perceptions of their scholastic competence. Teachers' judgment and BFLPE were found to have an…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Self Concept
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Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2015
This study aimed to address two underexplored research questions regarding support for the separation between competence and affect self-perceptions due to differential relations to outcome criteria. First, it is tested whether higher relations between affect self-perceptions and effort than between competence self-perceptions and effort can also…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Factor Analysis, Elementary School Students, Generalization
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Roque, Isabel; de Lemos, Marina Serra; Gonçalves, Teresa – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
This study examined the development of school-related causality beliefs which are children's generalized perceptions of the utility or power of different categories of specific means in producing school outcomes. Based on the action theory perspective, we analyzed the developmental model of these beliefs as well as the trajectories of the…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Developmental Stages, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 2
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Renna, Marialuisa; Rossi-Arnaud, Clelia – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
The present study examined the use of narrative categories and mental state words in the fictional, personal, and hypothetical stories written by 150 children in the third, fourth, and fifth grades of primary school. There were three main results. First, children were better able to write fictional and hypothetical than personal stories, when…
Descriptors: Personal Narratives, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Ehm, Jan-Henning; Lindberg, Sven; Hasselhorn, Marcus – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
The internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model (Marsh, "Am Educ Res J" 23:129-149, 1986) conceptualizes students' self-concepts as being formed by dimensional as well as social comparison processes. In the present study, the I/E model was tested and extended in a sample of elementary school children. Core academic skills of…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Writing Skills, Mathematics Skills, Self Concept
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Campos, Isabel S.; Almeida, Leandro S.; Ferreira, Aristides I.; Martinez, Luis F.; Ramalho, Gloria – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
The present study aims to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and mathematical achievement in primary education. Participants were 103 Portuguese third grade students, aged 8 and 9. All participants completed a battery for working memory (WMTB-C), a test of general intelligence (Raven's Progressive Color Matrices), a selective…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Attention, Mathematics Instruction, Grade 3
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Ots, Aivar – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
This study focuses on third grade pupils' (9 to 10 years old) ability to predict their performance in a given task and on the correspondence between the accuracy and adequacy of the predictions on the one hand, and the academic achievement on the other. The study involved 713 pupils from 29 Estonian schools. The pupils' performance predictions…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Recognition (Achievement), Prediction
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Bouwmeester, Samantha; Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2011
In this study, we compared two instruction methods on spelling performance: a rewriting instruction in which children repeatedly rewrote words and an ambiguous property instruction in which children deliberately practiced on a difficult word aspect. Moreover, we examined whether the testing effect applies to spelling performance. One hundred…
Descriptors: Age, Spelling, Instructional Effectiveness, Elementary School Students
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Re, Anna Maria; Cornoldi, Cesare – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2010
A large body of evidence shows that many of the academic difficulties Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children have may be related to their problems in executive control. However, the particular case of expressive writing has not been deeply explored. The present study examines the typical school exercise of writing a letter.…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Expressive Language, Grade 3
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