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Vicente, Santiago; Sánchez, Rosario; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
Singaporean children are the best performers on international achievement tests in mathematics (i.e. the TIMSS). Their excellent results could be due at least partly to certain characteristics of the textbooks used there (Oates 2014). Therefore, these materials could be taken as a good benchmark to describe and evaluate aspects of the textbooks of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Textbooks, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Vanluydt, Elien; Degrande, Tine; Verschaffel, Lieven; Van Dooren, Wim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2020
The present study cross-sectionally investigated proportional reasoning abilities in 5- to 9-year-old children (n = 185) before they received instruction in proportional reasoning. This study addressed two important aspects of the development of proportional reasoning that remain unclear in the current literature: (1) the age range in which it…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills, Young Children, Developmental Stages
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Degrande, Tine; Verschaffel, Lieven; Van Dooren, Wim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2018
While previous studies mainly focused on children's additive and multiplicative reasoning abilities, we studied third to sixth graders' "preference" for additive or multiplicative relations. This was investigated by means of schematic problems that were "open" to both types of relations, namely arrow schemes containing three…
Descriptors: Addition, Multiplication, Mathematical Logic, Student Attitudes
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Bojorque, Gina; Torbeyns, Joke; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna; Van Nijlen, Daniël; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
This study explored the development of Ecuadorian Kindergartners' spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON) during the kindergarten year, as well as the contribution of early numerical abilities to this development. One hundred Kindergartners coming from ten classrooms received two SFON tasks, one at the beginning and one at the end of the school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Young Children, Numbers
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Dewolf, Tinne; Van Dooren, Wim; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
We investigated the effect of two visual aids in representational illustrations on pupils' realistic word problem solving. In part 1 of our study, 288 elementary school pupils received an individual paper-and-pencil task with seven problematic items (P-items) in which realistic considerations need to be made to come to an appropriate reaction.…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Illustrations, Word Problems (Mathematics), Elementary School Students
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Lem, Stephanie; Onghena, Patrick; Verschaffel, Lieven; Van Dooren, Wim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2017
Graphicacy is an important skill in today's society; however, the interpretation of graphs proofs to be more difficult than it might seem. In this study, we focus on one specific misinterpretation, the area misinterpretation of box plots, which is caused by incorrect heuristic processing of salient features of the box plot. In this study, we tried…
Descriptors: Graphs, Difficulty Level, Control Groups, Scores
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Peeters, Dominique; Degrande, Tine; Ebersbach, Mirjam; Verschaffel, Lieven; Luwel, Koen – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study tested whether second graders use benchmark-based strategies when solving a number line estimation (NLE) task. Participants were assigned to one of three conditions based on the availability of benchmarks provided on the number line. In the bounded condition, number lines were only bounded at both sides by 0 and 200, while the midpoint…
Descriptors: Computation, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Problem Solving
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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study analyzed children's use of mental computation strategies and the standard algorithm on multi-digit subtractions. Fifty-eight Flemish 4th graders of varying mathematical achievement level were individually offered subtractions that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or the standard algorithm in one choice and two…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Subtraction, Grade 4
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Lem, Stephanie; Onghena, Patrick; Verschaffel, Lieven; Van Dooren, Wim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
Histograms are widely used, but recent studies have shown that they are not as easy to interpret as it might seem. In this article, we report on three studies on the interpretation of histograms in which we investigated, namely, (1) whether the misinterpretation by university students can be considered to be the result of heuristic reasoning, (2)…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Data Interpretation, College Students, Expertise
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Fernandez, Ceneida; Llinares, Salvador; Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2012
This study investigates the development of proportional and additive methods along primary and secondary school. In particular, it simultaneously investigates the use of additive methods in proportional word problems and the use of proportional methods in additive word problems. We have also studied the role played by integer and non-integer…
Descriptors: Numbers, Word Problems (Mathematics), Secondary School Students, Role
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Verschaffel, Lieven; Luwel, Koen; Torbeyns, Joke; Van Dooren, Wim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
Some years ago, Hatano differentiated between routine and adaptive expertise and made a strong plea for the development and implementation of learning environments that aim at the latter type of expertise and not just the former. In this contribution we reflect on one aspect of adaptivity, namely the adaptive use of solution strategies in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Arithmetic, Expertise
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Luwel, Koen; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
Groups of mathematically strong and weak second-, fourth- and sixth-graders were individually confronted with numerosities smaller and larger than 100 embedded in one-, two- or three-dimensional realistic contexts. While one third of these contexts were totally unstructured (e.g., an irregular piece of land jumbled up with 72 cars), another third…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Problem Solving, Computation, Number Concepts
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De Corte, Erik; Verschaffel, Lieven; Masui, Chris – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2004
A major challenge for education and educational research is to build on our present understanding of learning for designing environments for education that are conducive to fostering in students self-regulatory and cooperative learning skills, transferable knowledge, and a disposition toward competent thinking and problem solving. Taking into…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Learning Processes, Intervention, Thinking Skills
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Luwel, Koen; Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2003
In the research literature several positions concerning the role played by metacognition in adaptive strategy choice can be distinguished. While many authors adhere so-called metacognitive models of strategy choice and strategy change, others have questioned the extent to which metacognitive factors are associated with strategy choice and task…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Metacognition, Grade 6, Grade 2
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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven; Ghesquiere, Pol – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2002
In this study we investigated the variability, frequency, efficiency, and adaptiveness of young children's strategy use in the domain of simple addition by means of the choice/no-choice method. Seventy-seven beginning second-graders, divided in 3 groups according to general mathematical ability, solved a series of 25 simple additions in 3…
Descriptors: Young Children, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement
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