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Schnotz, Wolfgang; Mengelkamp, Christoph; Baadte, Christiane; Hauck, Georg – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
The term "modality effect" in multimedia learning means that students learn better from pictures combined with spoken rather than written text. The most prominent explanations refer to the split attention between visual text reading and picture observation which could affect transfer of information into working memory, maintenance of…
Descriptors: Attention, Multimedia Instruction, Short Term Memory, Visual Aids
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Grüninger, Rahel; Specht, Inga; Lewalter, Doris; Schnotz, Wolfgang – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
Until recently, museums mainly communicated well-established knowledge. Current science, however, is characterized by a rapid knowledge increase, so that we often have to deal with fragile and inconsistent knowledge. In order to develop exhibitions that encourage visitors to process information in a differentiated way, museums need to know how…
Descriptors: Museums, Cognitive Processes, Environmental Influences, Influences
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Hochpöchler, Ulrike; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Rasch, Thorsten; Ullrich, Mark; Horz, Holger; McElvany, Nele; Baumert, Jürgen – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013
When students read for learning, they frequently are required to integrate text and graphics information into coherent knowledge structures. The following study aimed at analyzing how students deal with texts and how they deal with graphics when they try to integrate the two sources of information. Furthermore, the study investigated differences…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8
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McElvany, Nele; Schroeder, Sascha; Baumert, Jurgen; Schnotz, Wolfgang; Horz, Holger; Ullrich, Mark – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2012
Learning materials incorporating written texts as well as instructional pictures are the basis for learning in many subjects. However, text-picture integration makes high cognitive demands of learners, and it seems plausible that the development of this competence is influenced by teachers' instructional skills. The present studies investigated…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Geography, Motivation, Questionnaires
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Schnotz, Wolfgang; Preuss, Achim – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1997
Describes a theoretical framework for the analysis of conceptual change that considers conceptual knowledge as a generative cognitive tool for the creation of more specific mental representations. Argues that a task-oriented interaction between propositional structures and mental models can help learners evaluate the consistency of their…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Structures