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Darnon, Celine; Butera, Fabrizio; Mugny, Gabriel; Quiamzade, Alain; Hulleman, Chris S. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2009
Classroom research on achievement goals has revealed that performance-approach goals (goals to outperform others) positively predict exam performance whereas performance-avoidance goals (goals not to perform more poorly than others) negatively predict it. Because prior classroom research has primarily utilized multiple-choice exam performance, the…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Performance, Verbal Tests, Difficulty Level
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Mugny, Gabriel; Chatard, Armand; Quiamzade, Alain – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2006
It is argued that an epistemic authority would induce greater influence in transmitting knowledge to students when there is a correspondence between the (authoritarian vs. democratic) style of the authority and students' perceptions of their relation to the authority (high vs. low epistemic dependence). In two studies it was predicted, and found,…
Descriptors: Teaching Styles, Teacher Characteristics, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes