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Coquin-Viennot, Daniele; Coirier, Pierre – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Reports on a study of written protocols by 147 children, ages 7-14. Comparisons were made between those who were asked to debate an issue (formal discourse) and those who were asked to defend an opinion (natural discourse). Finds that older children were able to use different structures for argumentation and write longer arguments. (CFR)
Descriptors: Child Development, Code Switching (Language), Cohesion (Written Composition), Discourse Analysis
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Rubtsov, Vitaly – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Reports on a study of 22 pairs of third-grade students and 22 pairs of seventh-grade students who worked on a variety of computer-based tasks. Finds that older students were more likely to focus on internal pattern construction than remaining oriented toward external characteristics of the patterns. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Computer Software, Computer Uses in Education
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Mason, Lucia; Sorzio, Paolo – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1996
Presents the results of an experiment that evaluated the efficiency of analogy in the conceptual restructuring of a science topic. The experiment involved a fifth-grade class studying water and heat flow. Discovered that analogy can act as an effective trigger for restructuring knowledge. (MJP)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Cognitive Mapping, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Restructuring
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Nasland, Jan Carol; Schneider, Wolfgang – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Describes a German longitudinal study of the relationship among verbal ability, memory capacity, phonological awareness, and reading performance. Reports that the relationship between memory capacity and phonological awareness remained stable over time. Concludes that memory capacity predicted phonological awareness task performance, phonological…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Memory
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Berti, Anna Emilia – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Presents findings of an analysis of Italian seventh grade students' understanding of capitalism and socialism. Reports that knowledge of the topics was rather poor. Concludes that students who had studied the topics more thoroughly had somewhat, but not substantially, greater understanding of capitalism and socialism. Calls for more research. (SG)
Descriptors: Capitalism, Concept Formation, Economics Education, Foreign Countries
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Piche, Christiane; Plante, Chantal – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Reports on a study of the perceived masculinity, femininity, or androgyny of young Canadian boys and teacher attitudes toward those students. Concludes that students whom teachers perceived as masculine were more likely to be labeled aggressive, whereas more apparently feminine or androgynous boys were seen by teachers as more prosocial. (SG)
Descriptors: Androgyny, Attitude Measures, Femininity, Foreign Countries
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Lloyd, Barbara; Duveen, Gerard – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Describes results of an analysis of children's knowledge and use of social representations of gender. Reports that researchers observed four first-year primary school classes in England. Concludes that boys and girls possess similar knowledge of the relationship between gender marking of social category membership and material culture. (SG)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Classroom Observation Techniques, Females, Foreign Countries
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Pynte, Joel; And Others – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Presents results of an experiment seeking relationships between motor activities and more central language production processes. Concludes that the same motor program was used for occurrences of repeated morphemes in the experiment. Reports that nonrepeated morphemes were recovered from verbal memory while the preceding repeated morpheme was being…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Handwriting, Language Processing
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Eigler, Gunther; And Others – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Presents results of a German study distinguishing between effects of knowledge on writing and re-effects of writing on knowledge. Reports that knowledge primarily affects the content domain of text, especially topic relatedness and logical structure of text, but not the linguistic domain. Concludes that both oral and written verbalization enables…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Context Effect, Epistemology, Feedback
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Zammuner, Vanda Lucia – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Presents an Italian study of children assigned to write two persuasive appeals for funds. Reports that improvement on the second request was related to request features demonstrated between the two assignments. Concludes that training did have some effect, but both control and experimental groups improved in their second performances. (DK)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Comparative Analysis, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Foreign Countries
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Issing, Ludwig J. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1990
Reports results of two studies using physics materials to determine the parameters of pictorial analogies in combination with expository text. Shows that pictorial analogies can improve learning significantly if they are designed properly and used together with the text. Concludes that the analogies should have high structural similarity between…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Physics, Science Education, Secondary Education
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Fraysse, Jean-Claude – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Describes a study of effects of socio-cognitive mediation among children. Reports manipulation of two factors: ego-boosting representation of the subject's ability to perform a task, and representation the children had of others. Concludes that performance was superior when children worked in dyads, dyad composition affects interaction modes, and…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Foreign Countries, Interaction, Interpersonal Communication
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Marjoribanks, Kevin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1991
Reports research that examined the relationship between students' views of family and school and the students' academic ability and achievement. Explains that 516 Australian children were studied at ages 11 and 16. Identifies a correlation between student perceptions and their school-related outcomes. (SG)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Attitude Measures, Elementary Secondary Education
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Wiersema, Bert; Van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents study results on the effects of students working in pairs on spelling in three different grades. Explains that students working individually were compared to students working in pairs. Reports less off-task behavior for the younger students working in pairs. Concludes that effort increases in pair work, but achievement increased only at…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Cooperative Learning, Educational Research, Elementary Education
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Huguet, Pascal; Monteil, Jean-Marc – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents study results determining how individuals' performances in a subject relate to the value that society places on that subject. Explains that the study examined the relationship between each discipline and the cognitive capabilities of each subject. Concludes that failing students use an original conception, whereas successful students use…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Cognitive Ability, Course Evaluation, Drafting
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