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Mason, Lucia; Sorzio, Paolo – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1996
Presents the results of an experiment that evaluated the efficiency of analogy in the conceptual restructuring of a science topic. The experiment involved a fifth-grade class studying water and heat flow. Discovered that analogy can act as an effective trigger for restructuring knowledge. (MJP)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Cognitive Mapping, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Restructuring
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Berberoglu, Giray; And Others – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1996
Addresses the central issue of test biases in college entrance examinations. Utilizes differential item functioning analysis (DIF) to compare types of questions, fields of knowledge, and male and female responses in Turkish entrance examinations. Reveals intermittent biases and suggests the tests be used more for assessment than selection. (MJP)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Admission, College Applicants, College Entrance Examinations
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Melot, Anne-Marie; Corroyer, Denis – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents study results examining conditions in which children can apply a previously learned memorization strategy to new but analogous tasks. Concludes that strategy mastery during training is not sufficient. Reports that only subjects who use information about relations between procedures and results to construct generalizable knowledge are able…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Classification, Cognitive Style, Elementary Education
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Preteur, Yves; Louvet-Schmauss, Eva – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents a continuation of previous research on a general development process consisting of successive levels in conceptualization. Explores how young children conceptualize the writing system. Considers both social background and preschool system of education. Concludes that teaching activities used in French nursery schools are less effective…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Concept Formation, Cross Cultural Studies
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Golder, Caroline – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents analysis of argumentative discourse by students, revealing that it involves both dialogical and argumentative operations. Reports that dialogical and argumentative operations are functionally linked. Concludes that the percentage of markers of utterance involvement, axiological forms, and modalizations is much higher in argumentative…
Descriptors: Debate, Decision Making, Discourse Analysis, Educational Research
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Verba, Mina; Winnykamen, Fajda – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Presents study results showing that a range of modes of interactive organization coexist in expert-novice problem-solving activity and vary with the asymmetry of the relationships. Reports that by combining high achieving status with task-related expertise, the resulting interactive dynamic is guidance/tutoring. Argues for multidimensional…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Educational Research, Grade 1, Interpersonal Communication
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Guichard, Jean – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1992
Discusses several methods of educational orientation practices to help in the development of personal and career aims. Suggests that changes are first cognitive and specifically involve professional representations. Examines oral presentations in class, group working sessions, individual discussions with counselors, and television programs…
Descriptors: Career Awareness, Career Education, Career Guidance, Cognitive Restructuring
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Rost, Detlef H.; Czeschlik, Tatiana – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1994
Reports on a comparison of the psychosocial adjustment of 50 academically gifted German 10-year olds with 50 of average intelligence 10-year olds. Finds no significant differences between the two groups. Finds elementary school gifted children are at least as socially and emotionally well-adjusted as their nongifted age mates. (CFR)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academically Gifted, Behavior Problems, Child Development
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Elbers, Ed; Kelderman, Andrea – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1994
Contends that young children have little experience in answering test questions and misunderstandings easily arise when they are subjected to tests. Reports on a study of the impact of testing expectations on 110 Dutch primary school students. Finds that clear explanations about the testing situation leads to better performance. (CFR)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Student Evaluation
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Tulviste, Peeter – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1994
Asserts that two conflicting versions of history were taught to Estonian children during Soviet rule. Maintains that, although the official version was taught at school, the unofficial one was discovered by each child with the help of parents or other adults. (CFR)
Descriptors: Communism, Deception, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups
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Schiefele, Ulrich; Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1994
Reports on a study of 208 high school students on the relationship between interest in 4 subject areas and the quality of experience in class. Finds that interest was a significant predictor of the experience of potency, intrinsic motivation, self-esteem, and perception of skill. (CFR)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Achievement Need, Aptitude Tests, Biology
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Crooks, Beryl; Lamy, Marie-Noelle – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Reports on a case study of formative evaluation of the materials and procedures used in a distance-learning French-language course. Identifies and evaluates key teaching design features of the draft audiovisual and print packages. Discusses teaching design in relation to revisions made to the course materials. (CFR)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Audiovisual Instruction, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development
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Thorpe, Mary – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Addresses one of three major challenges facing distance education--its claimed overreliance on behaviorist approaches to teaching and learning. Maintains that distance learning encourages students to review their own learning approaches and to be more proactive about their study methods. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Restructuring, Curriculum Development, Distance Education
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Evans, Terry – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Maintains that open and distance education represents contemporary education forms that respond to the shift to late-modernity, especially in educational technology and student-teacher relationships. Drawing on the work of Anthony Giddens, uncovers relationships among distance education, late-modernity, and the self. (CFR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Distance Education, Educational Change, Educational Improvement
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Selleri, Patrizia; And Others – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1995
Reports on a study of the factors upon which teachers base student evaluations among 77 Italian students and 5 teachers. Presents a two-level model illustrating seven major topics used by teachers for their evaluations. Includes two tables, two figures, and two appendixes illustrating the model. (CFR)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Grades (Scholastic)
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