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Sengul, Ozden – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019

This study explored how research-based physics tutorials help students use argumentation in a small group-work activity. The participants were four first-year non-major physics students taking algebra-based introductory physics course in an urban university in the southeastern region of United States (US). The content analysis was conducted to…

Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Physics, College Freshmen, Introductory Courses

Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment of Students' Responses: An Example from Energy and Momentum Concepts

Dega, Bekele Gashe – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019

Students' responses to energy & momentum (EM) concepts were investigated. EM concepts are fundamental and crosscutting in physics. A standardized Energy and Momentum Conceptual Survey (EMCS) test were used to collect quantitative data from 108 first year science students enrolled in a university in Ethiopia. Concentration analysis was used to…

Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Energy, Physics, College Freshmen

Romcevic, Nebojsa – European Journal of Physics Education, 2018

This paper has two parts. In the first part, intended for physics students as well as for engineering students whose primary interest is not physics, a new lesson related to shadow properties is given as a part of lectures on light. The effects resulting from a shadow 'motion' observed on a screen were looked into. The relationship between the…

Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Engineering Education, Teaching Methods

Dean, Kevin – European Journal of Physics Education, 2018

The conical pendulum provides a rich source of theoretical and computational analysis and the present work presents a seamless continuation of the previous publication. The tension force F[subscript T] and centripetal force F[subscript C] are explored further in linearization analyses and the appropriate slopes are explained. A similar analysis is…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Motion, Scientific Concepts

Sadoglu, Gunay Palic; Durukan, Ummu Gulsum – European Journal of Physics Education, 2017

The purpose of this study is to determine perceptions of elementary prospective teachers about the basic concepts of physics including force, motion, speed, velocity, acceleration and displacement. This research, as a qualitative study, had a study group that constitutes of 35 elementary prospective teachers who successfully completed general…

Descriptors: Physics, Scientific Concepts, Preservice Teachers, Motion

Dean, Kevin – European Journal of Physics Education, 2017

This paper represents a continuation of the theoretical and computational work from an earlier publication, with the present calculations using exactly the same physical values for the lengths L (0.435 m - 2.130 m) for the conical pendulum, mass m = 0.1111 kg, and with the local value of the acceleration due to gravity g = 9.789 ms[superscript…

Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Graphs, Equations (Mathematics)

Dean, Kevin; Mathew, Jyothi – European Journal of Physics Education, 2016

A theoretical analysis is presented, showing the derivations of seven different linearization equations for the conical pendulum period "T", as a function of radial and angular parameters. Experimental data obtained over a large range of fixed conical pendulum lengths (0.435 m-2.130 m) are plotted with the theoretical lines and…

Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Motion, Science Experiments, Physics

Bulbul, Mustafa Sahin; Garip, Belkis; Özdemir, Ömer Faruk – European Journal of Physics Education, 2015

This paper reports on a study to determine whether blind students' conceptualizations of force and motion differ from sighted students. This is particularly concerned with the question of whether the students' visual experiences have any relation to their conceptualizations or misconceptualization about force and motion. The research was designed…

Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Visual Impairments, Blindness

Singh, Satya Pal – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

This paper presents a brief review of Ising's work done in 1925 for one dimensional spin chain with periodic boundary condition. Ising observed that no phase transition occurred at finite temperature in one dimension. He erroneously generalized his views in higher dimensions but that was not true. In 1941 Kramer and Wannier obtained…

Descriptors: Physics, Scientific Principles, Magnets, Motion

Restricted Closed Shell Hartree Fock Roothaan Matrix Method Applied to Helium Atom Using Mathematica

Acosta, César R.; Tapia, J. Alejandro; Cab, César – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

Slater type orbitals were used to construct the overlap and the Hamiltonian core matrices; we also found the values of the bi-electron repulsion integrals. The Hartree Fock Roothaan approximation process starts with setting an initial guess value for the elements of the density matrix; with these matrices we constructed the initial Fock matrix.…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Matrices, Scientific Concepts

Shivalingaswamy, T.; Rashmi, P. E. – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

The accurate measurement of speed of light is of great importance in understanding various concepts in Physics in particular and science in general. In Physics we come across various concepts and applications in which high degree of accuracy of speed of light becomes important. In this article we discuss the various attempts made to determine the…

Descriptors: Measurement, Measurement Techniques, Light, Physics

Montecinos, Alicia M. – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

A partially unusual behaviour was found among 14 sophomore students of civil engineering who took a pre test for a free fall laboratory session, in the context of a general mechanics course. An analysis contemplating mathematics models and physics models consistency was made. In all cases, the students presented evidence favoring a correct free…

Descriptors: Misconceptions, Civil Engineering, Graphs, Pretesting

Riveros Rotge, Hector G. – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

The objective of Physics courses is that the students learn how to use what they know to solve problems in the real world (competencies), but no one learns to do that seeing as the professor think in the blackboard. The program of a course uses topics as examples of reasoning. Reasoning involves the ability to use their knowledge. If we precisely…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Thinking Skills, Constructivism (Learning)

Luchembe, Dennis; Chinyama, Kaumba; Jumbe, Jack – European Journal of Physics Education, 2014

The study was conducted to show the effectiveness of concept mapping as a teaching strategy to undergraduate students taking introductory physics course. A number of researchers have investigated the effectiveness of concept mapping on student academic achievement. The main focus of these studies have been on comparing the effectiveness of concept…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Concept Mapping, Student Attitudes

Riggs, Peter J. – European Journal of Physics Education, 2013

Students often wrestle unsuccessfully with the task of correctly calculating momentum probability densities and have difficulty in understanding their interpretation. In the case of a particle in an "infinite" potential well, its momentum can take values that are not just those corresponding to the particle's quantised energies but…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Computation, Motion

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