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Wang, Elaine; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Correnti, Richard – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Literacy standards increasingly emphasize the importance of analytic text-based writing. Little consensus exists, however, around what high-quality student responses should look like in this genre. In this study, we investigated fifth-grade students' writing in response to analytic text-based writing tasks (15 teachers, 44 writing tasks, 88 pieces…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Writing (Composition), Academic Standards, Writing Skills
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Bickford, John H., III – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This content analysis research examined how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals and issues are represented in elementary-level trade books. The data pool included every LGBTQ-based trade book with intended audiences of primary (grades K-2) and intermediate (grades 3-5) elementary students. Trade books…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Childrens Literature, Books, Elementary School Students
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This randomized controlled trial in 55 low-performing schools across Florida compared 2 early literacy interventions--1 using stand-alone materials and 1 using materials embedded in the existing core reading/language arts program. A total of 3,447 students who were below the 30th percentile in vocabulary and reading-related skills participated in…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Primary Education
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Condon, Meghan; Wichowsky, Amber – Elementary School Journal, 2018
In this article, we present the results of a cluster-randomized trial of an inquiry-based science curriculum conducted in grades 6-8 with 551 students in 13 schools. The intervention integrates science and civics instruction in a unit about community and family water conservation. The intervention also includes teacher professional development and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Civics, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Chen, Sisi – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The purpose of this article was to examine the effects of distributed leadership on instructional change and school climate by integrating the functional and relational perspectives of leadership. The functional perspective focuses on the degree to which leadership functions are equally distributed among leaders, and the relational perspective…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Educational Change, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Environment
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Kirksey, J. Jacob; Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Identifying driving factors of school attendance in elementary grades has come to the forefront of policy discussion. Little research has been dedicated to understanding the role of classroom context, and no studies have examined whether having classmates from the previous school year who are also present in the current classroom might influence…
Descriptors: Attendance, Elementary School Students, Classroom Environment, School Districts
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Guo, Daibao; Wright, Katherine Landau; McTigue, Erin M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Although visual complexity is increasing and graphics are essential to support readers' comprehension of disciplinary texts, visual literacy receives scant attention. Research suggests that effectively instructing students to interpret discipline-specific graphics would yield better comprehension. However, before this line of inquiry can be…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Textbooks, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction
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Bean, Rita M.; Dagen, Allison Swan; Ippolito, Jacy; Kern, Diane – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Elementary and secondary principals were surveyed to better understand their perceptions of the roles and impact of specialized literacy professionals (e.g., reading specialists, coaches) in their schools. A 32-question survey was completed by 103 Pennsylvania principals across elementary and secondary school contexts. Findings include distinct…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Attitudes, Role, Literacy
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Neumerski, Christine M.; Grissom, Jason A.; Goldring, Ellen; Rubin, Mollie; Cannata, Marisa; Schuermann, Patrick; Drake, Timothy A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Teacher evaluation systems that pair measures of teacher observation with measures of student achievement or growth have become widespread. However, little attention has focused on the impact of teacher evaluation systems--and, in particular, the intensive collection and use of data from teacher observations--on principals. Drawing on interviews…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Teacher Evaluation, Observation, Academic Achievement
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Wasserberg, Martin J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study used a theoretical framework rooted in student voice to explore the perceptions, experiences, and recommendations of African American students at an elementary school that had implemented a test-centered curriculum. The study used data from focus group interviews conducted with a purposefully selected group of fourth- and fifth-grade…
Descriptors: African American Students, Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Lee, Se Woong; Min, Sookweon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
While teachers have long been acknowledged as a key part of educational innovation, research has largely neglected the impact that their buy-in has on reform initiatives. This study addresses this problem by examining the association between teacher buy-in and student academic growth under school reform programs, with a particular focus on how…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes, Adoption (Ideas), Academic Achievement
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Wilhelm, Anne Garrison; Munter, Charles; Jackson, Kara – Elementary School Journal, 2017
The nature of mathematical activity and discourse that teachers foster in classrooms is likely influenced by their explanations of sources of students' difficulty. Several small-scale qualitative studies suggest that how teachers make sense of student difficulty matters for whether they engage all of their students in rigorous mathematical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Martin-Beltran, Melinda; Peercy, Megan M.; Hartranft, Anna M.; McNeish, Daniel M.; Artzi, Lauren; Nunn, Stephanie – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of a cross-age peer learning program targeting vocabulary and comprehension in kindergarten and fourth-grade classrooms with substantial proportions of English Learners (ELs). The study followed a quasi-experimental design with 12 classrooms (6 kindergarten and 6 fourth grade) in the intervention group and 12…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten, Grade 4
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Grissom, Jason A.; Rodriguez, Luis A.; Kern, Emily C. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Students of color are significantly underrepresented in gifted programs relative to their White peers. Drawing on political science research suggesting that public organizations more equitably distribute policy outputs when service providers share characteristics with their client populations, we investigate whether representation of students of…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Minority Group Teachers, Administrator Characteristics, Principals
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Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Kyriakides, Ermis – Elementary School Journal, 2017
For years scholars have attended to either generic or content-specific teaching practices attempting to understand instructional quality and its effects on student learning. Drawing on the TIMSS 2007 and 2011 databases, this exploratory study empirically tests the hypothesis that attending to both types of practices can help better explain student…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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