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Harbour, Kristin E.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pittard, Caroline M.; Karp, Karen S. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Using restricted-use data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment, the current study examined the relationship between the presence of elementary mathematics coaches and specialists (MCSs) and the mathematics achievement of more than 190,000 fourth-grade students in more than 7,400 schools nationwide. In…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests
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Wei, Liwei; Murphy, P. Karen; Firetto, Carla M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Small-group discussions in which teachers and students interact with text are common in language arts classrooms. As documented in the extant literature, teacher discourse moves affect how the discussion unfolds and the resulting quality of the talk. What is not present in the literature is a unified lexicon or taxonomy for defining and…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Facilitators (Individuals), Group Discussion, Taxonomy
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Kolbe, Tammy; Jorgenson, Simon – Elementary School Journal, 2018
For 2 decades, science teachers have been encouraged to orient their instruction around the practices of scientific inquiry; however, it is unclear whether teachers have the knowledge and skills to do so. In this study, we draw upon data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress to examine the extent to which eighth-grade science…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Bratsch-Hines, Mary; Varghese, Cheryl; Cutrer, Elizabeth A.; Garwood, Justin D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This article reports the results of a randomized controlled trial that replicated and extended research on the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), a professional development program for kindergarten and first-grade teachers in low-wealth rural schools that helps enhance literacy skills of struggling readers. In weekly webcam coaching sessions,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Reading Teachers, Rural Schools, Reading Instruction
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Sheridan, Susan M.; Witte, Amanda L.; Kunz, Gina M.; Wheeler, Lorey A.; Angell, Samantha R.; Lester, Houston F. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The efficacy of conjoint behavioral consultation (CBC), a family-school partnership intervention, for teachers' practices and process skills was evaluated. Participants were 152 teachers of grades K-3 in 45 Midwest rural schools randomly assigned to treatment or control conditions. Treatment group teachers participated in an 8- to 10-week CBC…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Educational Practices, Intervention, Experimental Groups
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Von Esch, Kerry Soo – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Providing an equitable education for English learner (EL) students continues to challenge educators. Existing research suggests that instructional leaders, such as teacher leaders, play a central role in improving the teaching and learning of EL students. Using a distributed leadership framework, this study examines how 2 teacher leaders…
Descriptors: Teacher Leadership, Change Agents, Educational Change, English Language Learners
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Wills, Howard; Kamps, Debra; Caldarella, Paul; Wehby, Joseph; Romine, Rebecca Swinburne – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The purpose of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to demonstrate efficacy of the Class-wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) program. The study was designed to replicate an initial RCT conducted by the CW-FIT developers in 1 site, with 2 additional research groups not involved in its development. The study was…
Descriptors: Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Student Diversity, Program Effectiveness
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Lane, John L.; Sweeny, Shannon P. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This article examines the challenges that 18 elementary school early career teachers (ECTs) faced and the colleagues they used to help them meet these challenges. We report several interesting findings. First, these ECTs faced challenges that extended beyond how best to teach particular content. ECTs also struggled with managing student behavior,…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Beginning Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Teaching Methods
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Coleman, Julianne M.; McTigue, Erin M.; Dantzler, John A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This experimental study examined how the presence of visual diagrams in 2 science texts affected the independent reading comprehension of 213 fourth-grade students in the southeastern United States. In addition, the relative impact of 3 diagram designs and layout (representational, interpretational, or integrated) was compared with a control.…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Design, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Goess, Donald E.; Smith, Page A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Research supports bullying as a precursor of school violence and establishes this form of campus aggression as a public health issue. The literature that complements safe campus environments also aligns with school climate, suggesting that organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) mitigates student bullying. Employing data from 108 public…
Descriptors: Bullying, Aggression, Violence, Educational Environment
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Diab, Safwat Y. M.; Guillaume, Marja; Punamäki, Raija-Leena – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Based on the ecological-transactional model by Bronfenbrenner, this study tested the mediating roles of school, family, and child characteristics between academic achievement and both traumatic war experiences and stressful life events. It further examined which of these characteristics could protect academic achievement from negative trauma…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies, Student Motivation, Peer Relationship
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Parsons, Allison Ward; Parsons, Seth A.; Malloy, Jacquelynn A.; Gambrell, Linda B.; Marinak, Barbara A.; Reutzel, D. Ray; Applegate, Mary D.; Applegate, Anthony J.; Fawson, Parker C. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This research explores upper elementary students' motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Using expectancy-value theory, the researchers developed separate surveys to measure motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Researchers administered surveys to 1,104 upper elementary students (grades 3-6) in multiple locations across the United States…
Descriptors: Fiction, Nonfiction, Elementary School Students, Student Motivation
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Farmer, Jennie L.; Spearman, Mindy; Qian, Meihua; Leonard, Alison E.; Rosenblith, Suzanne – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines student perceptions of classroom climate at a school-within-a-school (SWAS) elementary school located in the southeastern United States. The elementary school contains a school for students identified as highly gifted within a neighborhood school. Researchers utilized drawings to determine students' perceptions of their…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Academically Gifted, Freehand Drawing, Student Attitudes
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Gilmour, Allison F.; Henry, Gary T. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Students with disabilities (SWDs) perform below their peers in math on national and state assessments. The quality of teachers who provide these students with math instruction is an unexamined variable that could influence this low achievement. We used data from more than 1 million students to compare the quality of teachers assigned to teach math…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Dray, Amy J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines associations between reading comprehension and perspective taking for children who read 2 fictional stories. One story is rich in social and emotional content, describing a girl making new friends and experiencing an intergroup conflict. The other story contains less social content. The study uses hierarchical linear modeling…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Fiction, Comparative Analysis, Reading Comprehension
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