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Goddard, Yvonne L.; Goddard, Roger D.; Bailes, Lauren P.; Nichols, Robert – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of this study was twofold: to examine the influence of instructional leadership on teachers' reports of the use of differentiated instruction in their schools and to investigate whether higher levels of differentiated instruction positively predicted student achievement. We collected teacher survey data from a sample of 95…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Individualized Instruction, Academic Achievement, Correlation
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Northrop, Laura; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), to examine the texts assigned to eighth-grade students. By comparing student demographic information from the ECLS-K with demographic information from the texts, we examine adjustment of assignments to match students' backgrounds. In…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Literature, Race, Ethnicity
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Quinn, David M.; Stewart, Ashley M. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
As the racial/ethnic makeup of the U.S. student population becomes increasingly diverse, the teaching force has remained primarily white. Given this mismatch, and the consequences that educators' racial attitudes have for students' academic and developmental outcomes, it is important to understand the racial attitudes of white educators and how…
Descriptors: Racial Attitudes, Ethnicity, Teacher Attitudes, Academic Achievement
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Brown, Christopher P.; Englehardt, Joanna; Ku, Da Hei; Barry, David P. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
Over the last 2 decades, policymakers' standards-based accountability reforms in the United States, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, have fundamentally changed public schooling in general and kindergarten specifically. As this has occurred, little is known about how families make sense of these changes in schooling. By sharing findings from a…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Family Attitudes, Educational Change, Accountability
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Mellado De La Cruz, Veronica; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Hsiao, Yu-Yu; Clemens, Nathan H.; Jones, Francesca G.; Rivas, Brenna K.; Brewer, Emily A.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Leslie E. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of the study was to assess early literacy skills and examine the presence and stability of challenging behaviors across the critical threshold of the kindergarten school year. Students' (n = 337) literacy performance (letter sound fluency, word attack, and phonological awareness) and challenging behaviors (teacher ratings of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Kindergarten, At Risk Students
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Jones, Nathan D.; Bettini, Elizabeth; Brownell, Mary – Elementary School Journal, 2019
Collaborative school reforms and teacher evaluation reforms both show promise for improving teaching and learning in American schools. However, these reform movements have largely been implemented separately from each other, and because they are predicated on very different assumptions about how schools and teachers contribute to student learning,…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Teacher Evaluation, Team Teaching
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Barnes, Nicole; Fives, Helenrose; Brighton, Catherine M.; Moon, Tonya R. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of this investigation was to explore elementary teachers' beliefs about data and data use. Archived data from 2 research projects were used to address the following research questions: What are kindergarten and fifth-grade literacy teachers' beliefs about data and data use? What functions do the beliefs serve in teachers' actual use of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Literacy Education, Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs
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Spichtig, Alexandra N.; Gehsmann, Kristin M.; Pascoe, Jeffrey P.; Ferrara, John D. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of adaptive, web-based, scaffolded silent reading instruction on 426 fourth- and fifth-grade students in an urban US school district. Reading proficiency was evaluated in the fall and spring using the Group Reading Assessment Diagnostic Evaluation (GRADE) and an eye movement recording system…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Web Based Instruction, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Grade 4
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Fishman, Evan; Houston, Julia; Wijekumar, Kausalai; Lei, Pui-Wa; Ray, Amber B. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study tested whether writing skills, knowledge, motivation, and strategic behaviors (within the context of robust writing instruction) each made a statistically unique contribution to predicting fifth-grade students' (123 girls, 104 boys) composition quality and length on a persuasive writing task involving source material, after variance due…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Knowledge Level, Student Motivation, Student Behavior
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Graves, Michael F.; Elmore, Jeff; Fitzgerald, Jill – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study described and analyzed the vocabulary of 4 current, best-selling core reading programs and developed word lists based on these analyses. Results showed a good deal of similarity but also some significant differences among the programs. Across grades 1-6, all of them included a substantial number of tokens (approximately 380,000-660,000)…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Reading Programs, Word Lists, Elementary Education
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Goldin, Simona; O'Neill, Michaela Krug; Naik, Shweta Shripad; Zaccarelli, Florencia Gomez – Elementary School Journal, 2019
We examine (a) the development of 3 student learning practices (SLPs)--listening, speaking publicly, and making and using records--that are central to participation and engagement in academically ambitious classrooms and (b) the teacher's work supporting the enactment of the SLPs in the context of a summer mathematics laboratory. We identify…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Listening, Public Speaking, Teacher Role
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Troyer, Margaret – Elementary School Journal, 2019
Curriculum designers often assume that teachers implement curricula as written, yet research shows that all teachers adapt curricula. Adaptation is especially important in the context of sustained curriculum implementation, as some level of adaptation may be necessary for teachers to feel ownership over a program. However, whereas some adaptations…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Media Adaptation, Literacy Education, Reading Programs
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examined developmental differences in written expression of intermediate-grade children across planning, writing, and revising products. This work is the first step in a programmatic line of research examining the utility of the assessment procedures toward formative writing assessment protocols. Eighty children in fourth and sixth…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Grade 4, Grade 6, Age Differences
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Puranik, Cynthia S.; Petscher, Yaacov; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Lemons, Christopher J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The primary focus of this study was to determine the feasibility of teacher implementation of peer-assisted writing strategies (PAWS) in improving the writing outcomes of kindergarten children. Six classrooms were recruited, and 3 were randomly assigned to the experimental condition. Results indicated that the content, length, and formatting of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Writing Achievement, Writing Strategies, Outcomes of Education
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Champagne, Carly R.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Circle time is a near universally used preschool activity; however, little research has explored its nature, content, and quality. This study examined activity types, teacher and child talk, child engagement, and classroom quality in a sample of public preschool classrooms in an urban, high-poverty school district. Results demonstrated that…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Classroom Techniques, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness
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