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Northrop, Laura; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), to examine the texts assigned to eighth-grade students. By comparing student demographic information from the ECLS-K with demographic information from the texts, we examine adjustment of assignments to match students' backgrounds. In…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Literature, Race, Ethnicity
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Dray, Amy J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines associations between reading comprehension and perspective taking for children who read 2 fictional stories. One story is rich in social and emotional content, describing a girl making new friends and experiencing an intergroup conflict. The other story contains less social content. The study uses hierarchical linear modeling…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Fiction, Comparative Analysis, Reading Comprehension
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Curran, F. Chris – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This study documents gaps in kindergarten and first-grade science achievement by family income and explores the degree to which such gaps can be accounted for by student race/ethnicity, out-of-school activities, parental education, and school fixed effects. In doing so, it expands on prior research that documents disparate rates of science…
Descriptors: Family Income, Science Achievement, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Little, Michael H. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between school-based kindergarten transition practices and student achievement and executive functioning using recent, nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11. The analysis employed 3-level hierarchical linear models and…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Correlation
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Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
The purpose of this study was to assess the added value of dynamic assessment (DA) for predicting individual differences in year-end first-grade calculation (CA) and word-problem (WP) performance as a function of limited English proficiency (LEP) status. Beginning first graders (129 LEP; 163 non-LEP) were assessed on brief and static mathematics…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Language Proficiency, Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Chiatovich, Tara; Stipek, Deborah – Elementary School Journal, 2016
This study used ECLS-K 1998-1999 data to evaluate whether specific kindergarten teaching practices predicted school-year learning gains differently, depending on children's ethnicity, SES, and fall test scores. Exploratory factor analyses guided the creation of four literacy and five math instruction composites from teachers' reports of their…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Kindergarten, Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Toste, Jessica R.; Heath, Nancy L.; Connor, Carol McDonald; Peng, Peng – Elementary School Journal, 2015
Relationships with teachers have been found to be particularly salient for elementary-age students, as they relate to successful adjustment to school. The construct of working alliance reconceptualizes traditional definitions of relationship to consider elements of emotional connection, as well as the collaboration central to the working…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Construct Validity
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Rice, Diana C.; Canto, Angela I.; Southerland, Sherry A.; Underwood, Phyllis; Kaya, Sibel; Fishman, Barry; Morrison, Frederick J. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
The associations among second- and third-grade students' content-area knowledge, vocabulary, and reading gains and the science instruction they received were examined in this exploratory longitudinal study. We also asked whether there were child characteristics x instruction interaction effects on students' content-area literacy. Second graders (n…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Science Instruction, Grade 3
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Williams, Robert J.; Algozzine, Bob – Elementary School Journal, 1979
A questionnaire was developed to assess the reasons for teachers' attitudes on several aspects of special education and mainstreaming. Subjects were 267 regular classroom teachers from a large intermediate unit in Pennsylvania. (MP)
Descriptors: Children, Comparative Analysis, Disabilities, Elementary Education
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Tamashiro, Roy T. – Elementary School Journal, 1979
Various types of humor found among children of school age and among adolescents are placed in a structural-developmental framework. Also discussed are several ways in which teachers can use children's humor in their classrooms. (MP)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Developmental Stages, Elementary Education
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Bridge, Connie A.; Hiebert, Elfrieda H. – Elementary School Journal, 1985
Examined the number and types of classroom writing experiences in which elementary teachers and children in grades one, three, and five were engaged. Two major influences on instructional practices also were analyzed: teachers' perceptions of writing instruction and textbook guidelines. (DST)
Descriptors: Children, Elementary Education, Language Arts, Teaching Methods
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Seefeldt, Carol; Denton, Kristen; Galper, Alice; Younoszai, Tina – Elementary School Journal, 1998
Explored relations between former Head Start parents' self-efficacy beliefs, beliefs about their children's academic abilities, affective state of depression, perceptions of school climate, and reported level of involvement in their children's education at end of kindergarten year. Parents' views of school climate and beliefs in their ability to…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Children, Depression (Psychology), Educational Environment
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Anderson, Linda M.; And Others – Elementary School Journal, 1985
Focuses on students' immediate behavioral and cognitive responses and short-term outcomes during seatwork tasks. Twenty-four first graders in six classrooms were observed for the (1) apparent focus of attention, (2) nature of involvement with instructional stimuli, (3) initiative taken to seek help, (4) level of success, and (5) perceptions of…
Descriptors: Children, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education
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Collier, Robert G. – Elementary School Journal, 1979
Examines whether language play could affect primary school children's awareness of their syntax. (MP)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Competence