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Polikoff, Morgan S. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
International comparisons have highlighted that the U.S. mathematics curriculum, both in terms of curriculum influences (e.g., textbooks, standards) and actual instruction, is broad and shallow. Standards-based reform is explicitly designed to improve coherence and reduce redundancy across grades. This article evaluates the redundancy of…
Descriptors: State Standards, Mathematics Curriculum, Redundancy, Mathematics Instruction
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McCarthy, Christopher J.; Lambert, Richard G.; O'Donnell, Megan; Melendres, Lauren T. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
Transactional models of stress posit that perceptions of both resources and demands determine whether stress will be experienced. To test this model and better understand teacher stress, we examined levels of elementary teachers' burnout symptoms: (1) between schools, with individual/teacher perceptions of demands and resources aggregated to the…
Descriptors: Teacher Burnout, Coping, Stress Management, Stress Variables
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Schleppenbach, Meg; Flevares, Lucia M.; Sims, Linda M.; Perry, Michelle – Elementary School Journal, 2007
The treatment of errors in mathematics classrooms has gained attention in recent years, with many researchers suggesting that errors should be used as starting points for student inquiry into mathematics. In the study reported in this article, we examined how teachers used discourse around errors to generate inquiry by looking at the treatment of…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 4
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Harrison, Colin – Elementary School Journal, 2006
This article discusses similarities and differences in government policies on literacy in the United Kingdom and the United States and the culture of mistrust that has contributed to governments taking increasing control of education. Transatlantic trends in the areas of national literacy standards, curriculum, and assessment are discussed in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Educators, Literacy, Educational Policy
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Fernandez, Clea; Cannon, Joanna – Elementary School Journal, 2005
Japanese (N = 25) and U.S. fifth- to eighth-grade teachers (N = 36) participated in pre- and post-lesson interviews to assess what they thought about when constructing mathematics lessons. To understand the details of this thinking and how it might support classroom instruction, we structured interviews around a specific lesson teachers taught in…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries, Lesson Plans
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Yeager, Elizabeth Anne; Foster, Stuart J.; Greer, Jennifer – Elementary School Journal, 2002
This study identified and analyzed events that U.S. and English adolescents judged as historically significant and the criteria and reasoning used to construe events as significant. Found that students were inclined to learn from history and find ways to conceptualize historical significance. Many could assign significance to events even though…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Evaluation Criteria, Foreign Countries
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – Elementary School Journal, 1996
Analyzed how computation is developed in three Japanese primary-grade textbook series by focusing on differences in presentation. Found that goals are similar but the methods and materials of presentation are very different, and that a much higher level of computational facility at the end of grade three is expected of Japanese students than of…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Content Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary School Students
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Hoffman, Diane M. – Elementary School Journal, 2000
Presents conceptual analysis of U.S. and Japanese early education discourse, contrasting cultural assumptions and views of self that inform each context. Finds Japan holds progressive, child-centered but not developmentalist views that promote self in terms of cultural values; the United States emphasizes the individual child defined by…
Descriptors: Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Hiebert, James; Stigler, James W. – Elementary School Journal, 2000
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study Video Study of Teaching compared teacher development systems in the U.S., Japan, and Germany. Findings indicated that many American teachers believe they are changing the way they teach while they retain traditional practices. A research and development system was proposed for improving…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Change
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Elder, Richard D. – Elementary School Journal, 1971
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Oral Reading, Phonics