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Santana, Macarena; Cabezas, Verónica; Nussbaum, Miguel; Cabello-Hutt, Tania; Claro, Magdalena; Maldonado, Luis – Elementary School Journal, 2020
Although prior knowledge is an important predictor of future performance in mathematics, few studies have analyzed which areas of the subject are most critical. Most evidence is based on small- and medium-scale studies from developed countries, with results that cannot be generalized. We explore which areas of mathematics are the most important…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Socioeconomic Status, National Curriculum
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Northrop, Laura; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), to examine the texts assigned to eighth-grade students. By comparing student demographic information from the ECLS-K with demographic information from the texts, we examine adjustment of assignments to match students' backgrounds. In…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Literature, Race, Ethnicity
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Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Kyriakides, Ermis – Elementary School Journal, 2017
For years scholars have attended to either generic or content-specific teaching practices attempting to understand instructional quality and its effects on student learning. Drawing on the TIMSS 2007 and 2011 databases, this exploratory study empirically tests the hypothesis that attending to both types of practices can help better explain student…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Williamson, Gary L.; Fitzgerald, Jill; Stenner, Jackson A. – Elementary School Journal, 2014
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) establish a challenging text-complexity standard for all high school graduates to read at college and workplace text-complexity levels. We argue that implementation of the CCSS standard requires concurrent examination of historical student reading-growth trends. An example of a historical student average…
Descriptors: State Standards, Reading Improvement, Reading Ability, Difficulty Level