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Santana, Macarena; Cabezas, Verónica; Nussbaum, Miguel; Cabello-Hutt, Tania; Claro, Magdalena; Maldonado, Luis – Elementary School Journal, 2020
Although prior knowledge is an important predictor of future performance in mathematics, few studies have analyzed which areas of the subject are most critical. Most evidence is based on small- and medium-scale studies from developed countries, with results that cannot be generalized. We explore which areas of mathematics are the most important…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Socioeconomic Status, National Curriculum
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Reed, Deborah K.; Stevenson, Nathan; LeBeau, Brandon C. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study investigated the effects of imposing task- or process-oriented reading behaviors on reading comprehension assessment performance. Students in grades 5-8 (N = 275) were randomly assigned to hear multiple-choice items read aloud before or after reading a test passage and when they were and were not allowed access to the passage while…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Multiple Choice Tests, Reading Aloud to Others
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Northrop, Laura; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), to examine the texts assigned to eighth-grade students. By comparing student demographic information from the ECLS-K with demographic information from the texts, we examine adjustment of assignments to match students' backgrounds. In…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Literature, Race, Ethnicity
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Condon, Meghan; Wichowsky, Amber – Elementary School Journal, 2018
In this article, we present the results of a cluster-randomized trial of an inquiry-based science curriculum conducted in grades 6-8 with 551 students in 13 schools. The intervention integrates science and civics instruction in a unit about community and family water conservation. The intervention also includes teacher professional development and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Civics, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Kyriakides, Ermis – Elementary School Journal, 2017
For years scholars have attended to either generic or content-specific teaching practices attempting to understand instructional quality and its effects on student learning. Drawing on the TIMSS 2007 and 2011 databases, this exploratory study empirically tests the hypothesis that attending to both types of practices can help better explain student…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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Boote, Stacy K.; Boote, David N. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Students often struggle to interpret graphs correctly, despite emphasis on graphic literacy in U.S. education standards documents. The purpose of this study was to describe challenges sixth graders with varying levels of science and mathematics achievement encounter when transitioning from interpreting graphs having discrete independent variables…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Grade 6
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Vedder-Weiss, Dana – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Taking a student's perspective, this study aims to characterize students' descriptions of teaching higher and lower in mastery goal emphasis, in elementary, middle, traditional, and democratic schools. Data were collected by student surveys and interviews from fifth- through eighth-grade Israeli students. Nineteen interviews, describing 5 science…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mastery Learning, Student Attitudes, Interviews
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Corpus, Jennifer Henderlong; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Haimovitz, Kyla – Elementary School Journal, 2016
A person-centered, mixed-methods approach (self-report surveys, semistructured interviews, school records) was used to characterize and evaluate profiles of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations among 243 third- through eighth-grade students. Cluster analysis suggested four distinct profiles: high quantity (high intrinsic, high extrinsic), primarily…
Descriptors: Profiles, Student Motivation, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Master, Benjamin; Loeb, Susanna; Whitney, Camille; Wyckoff, James – Elementary School Journal, 2016
Nationwide, K-12 students designated as English language learners (ELLs) must learn both language and content simultaneously, and ELLs score far below the national average in math achievement. Many educators have suggested that identifying or developing teachers with skills specific to ELLs' instructional needs may be critical to addressing this…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, English Language Learners, General Education, Academic Achievement
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Olson, Carol Booth; Scarcella, Robin; Matuchniak, Tina – Elementary School Journal, 2015
Adopted by 46 states, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) present a vision of what it means to be literate in the twenty-first century and call for all students, including English learners, to develop critical reading skills necessary for a deep understanding of complex texts, and critical writing skills to write about those texts. This article…
Descriptors: State Standards, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Writing Skills
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Williamson, Gary L.; Fitzgerald, Jill; Stenner, Jackson A. – Elementary School Journal, 2014
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) establish a challenging text-complexity standard for all high school graduates to read at college and workplace text-complexity levels. We argue that implementation of the CCSS standard requires concurrent examination of historical student reading-growth trends. An example of a historical student average…
Descriptors: State Standards, Reading Improvement, Reading Ability, Difficulty Level
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Lack, Brian; Swars, Susan Lee; Meyers, Barbara – Elementary School Journal, 2014
A descriptive, holistic, multiple-case methodology was applied to examine the nature of participation in discourse of two low- and two high-achieving grade 6 students while solving mathematical tasks in a standards-based classroom. Data collected via classroom observations and student interviews were analyzed through a multiple-cycle coding…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Grade 6, Low Achievement, High Achievement
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Ippolito, John; Schecter, Sandra R. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This article traces diverging trajectories in a situated, participatory research project in 2 public schools in Ontario. While the project operated within a consistent set of objectives to promote educational equity for immigrant, linguistically diverse students and their families, it generated 2 substantially different models of educational…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Equal Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries