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Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study contributes a novel perspective on grade retention by empirically examining how classroom composition relates to the standardized-testing performance of grade-retained students in their post-retained years. This evaluation employed a sample of entire cohorts of urban elementary school children in the Philadelphia School District over 6…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, School Holding Power, Evidence, Testing
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Kieffer, Michael J.; Lesaux, Nonie K. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
One dimension of language proficiency considered important for reading and writing academic texts is morphological awareness--the understanding of how complex words are formed from meaningful smaller units (i.e., affixes, roots) that contribute to words' meanings and functions. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the effects of instruction on…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Middle Schools, Grade 6, English (Second Language)
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Skindrud, Karl; Gersten, Russell – Elementary School Journal, 2006
This independent evaluation of 2 commonly used approaches for accelerating reading achievement and reducing inappropriate special education referrals, Success for All (SFA) and Open Court, was conducted in 12 Title I schools in a large urban district in northern California. To compare the effects of these approaches, we collected data on 936 grade…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Prediction, Reading Achievement, Special Education
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Mason, Bryce; Mason, DeWayne A.; Mendez, Memo; Nelsen, Gregg; Orwig, Russ – Elementary School Journal, 2005
In this article we describe how an underperforming school district used research and theory on curriculum, assessment, implementation, and school and classroom organization to develop and implement district standards and improve the achievement of elementary school students. Key reforms included teachers developing essential curriculum standards,…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Scruggs, Thomas E.; And Others – Elementary School Journal, 1985
Reports an investigation of 31 elementary school students' strategies in answering reading questions from the Stanford Achievement Tests. Results demonstrated that students do employ specific strategies and suggested that test results can be improved by teaching students to attend to all distractors, refer to the reading passage, answer all…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Interviews, Oral Reading
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Johnson, Norman C.; Knight, Octavia B. – The Elementary School Journal, 1965
An instructional enrichment program in a Murfreesboro, N.C., school was designed to help academically retarded students in grades 3 to 8 (I.Q. 72-85). The participating students, who were retarded from 1 to 5 years, were grouped homogeneously to receive individual and small group instruction, and were encouraged to develop good listening and study…
Descriptors: Academically Handicapped, Achievement Gains, Elementary School Students, Enrichment Activities