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Parsons, Allison Ward; Parsons, Seth A.; Malloy, Jacquelynn A.; Gambrell, Linda B.; Marinak, Barbara A.; Reutzel, D. Ray; Applegate, Mary D.; Applegate, Anthony J.; Fawson, Parker C. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This research explores upper elementary students' motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Using expectancy-value theory, the researchers developed separate surveys to measure motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Researchers administered surveys to 1,104 upper elementary students (grades 3-6) in multiple locations across the United States…
Descriptors: Fiction, Nonfiction, Elementary School Students, Student Motivation
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Farmer, Jennie L.; Spearman, Mindy; Qian, Meihua; Leonard, Alison E.; Rosenblith, Suzanne – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines student perceptions of classroom climate at a school-within-a-school (SWAS) elementary school located in the southeastern United States. The elementary school contains a school for students identified as highly gifted within a neighborhood school. Researchers utilized drawings to determine students' perceptions of their…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Academically Gifted, Freehand Drawing, Student Attitudes
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Gilmour, Allison F.; Henry, Gary T. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Students with disabilities (SWDs) perform below their peers in math on national and state assessments. The quality of teachers who provide these students with math instruction is an unexamined variable that could influence this low achievement. We used data from more than 1 million students to compare the quality of teachers assigned to teach math…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Dray, Amy J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines associations between reading comprehension and perspective taking for children who read 2 fictional stories. One story is rich in social and emotional content, describing a girl making new friends and experiencing an intergroup conflict. The other story contains less social content. The study uses hierarchical linear modeling…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Fiction, Comparative Analysis, Reading Comprehension
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Wang, Elaine; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Correnti, Richard – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Literacy standards increasingly emphasize the importance of analytic text-based writing. Little consensus exists, however, around what high-quality student responses should look like in this genre. In this study, we investigated fifth-grade students' writing in response to analytic text-based writing tasks (15 teachers, 44 writing tasks, 88 pieces…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Writing (Composition), Academic Standards, Writing Skills
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Bickford, John H., III – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This content analysis research examined how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals and issues are represented in elementary-level trade books. The data pool included every LGBTQ-based trade book with intended audiences of primary (grades K-2) and intermediate (grades 3-5) elementary students. Trade books…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Childrens Literature, Books, Elementary School Students
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This randomized controlled trial in 55 low-performing schools across Florida compared 2 early literacy interventions--1 using stand-alone materials and 1 using materials embedded in the existing core reading/language arts program. A total of 3,447 students who were below the 30th percentile in vocabulary and reading-related skills participated in…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Primary Education
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examined developmental differences in written expression of intermediate-grade children across planning, writing, and revising products. This work is the first step in a programmatic line of research examining the utility of the assessment procedures toward formative writing assessment protocols. Eighty children in fourth and sixth…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Grade 4, Grade 6, Age Differences
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Puranik, Cynthia S.; Petscher, Yaacov; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Lemons, Christopher J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The primary focus of this study was to determine the feasibility of teacher implementation of peer-assisted writing strategies (PAWS) in improving the writing outcomes of kindergarten children. Six classrooms were recruited, and 3 were randomly assigned to the experimental condition. Results indicated that the content, length, and formatting of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Writing Achievement, Writing Strategies, Outcomes of Education
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Champagne, Carly R.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Circle time is a near universally used preschool activity; however, little research has explored its nature, content, and quality. This study examined activity types, teacher and child talk, child engagement, and classroom quality in a sample of public preschool classrooms in an urban, high-poverty school district. Results demonstrated that…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Classroom Techniques, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness
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Harbour, Kristin E.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pittard, Caroline M.; Karp, Karen S. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Using restricted-use data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment, the current study examined the relationship between the presence of elementary mathematics coaches and specialists (MCSs) and the mathematics achievement of more than 190,000 fourth-grade students in more than 7,400 schools nationwide. In…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests
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Wei, Liwei; Murphy, P. Karen; Firetto, Carla M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Small-group discussions in which teachers and students interact with text are common in language arts classrooms. As documented in the extant literature, teacher discourse moves affect how the discussion unfolds and the resulting quality of the talk. What is not present in the literature is a unified lexicon or taxonomy for defining and…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Facilitators (Individuals), Group Discussion, Taxonomy
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Kolbe, Tammy; Jorgenson, Simon – Elementary School Journal, 2018
For 2 decades, science teachers have been encouraged to orient their instruction around the practices of scientific inquiry; however, it is unclear whether teachers have the knowledge and skills to do so. In this study, we draw upon data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress to examine the extent to which eighth-grade science…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Bratsch-Hines, Mary; Varghese, Cheryl; Cutrer, Elizabeth A.; Garwood, Justin D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This article reports the results of a randomized controlled trial that replicated and extended research on the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), a professional development program for kindergarten and first-grade teachers in low-wealth rural schools that helps enhance literacy skills of struggling readers. In weekly webcam coaching sessions,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Reading Teachers, Rural Schools, Reading Instruction
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Lee, Se Woong; Min, Sookweon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
While teachers have long been acknowledged as a key part of educational innovation, research has largely neglected the impact that their buy-in has on reform initiatives. This study addresses this problem by examining the association between teacher buy-in and student academic growth under school reform programs, with a particular focus on how…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes, Adoption (Ideas), Academic Achievement
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