ERIC Number: EJ1227836
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Relations among Engagement, Self-Efficacy, and Anxiety in Mathematics among Omani Students
Abu-Hilal, Maher M.; Al Abed, Adnan S.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v17 n48 p241-266 Sep 2019
Introduction: Mathematics is one of the most important academic subjects in school. However, it is one of the most difficult subjects, and both students and teachers face difficulties in this subject. Teachers have difficulty engaging students in learning the subject. Rarely has the concept of engagement been researched in the Middle East region, in general, and in Oman in particular. Similarly, the concept of self-efficacy has been minimally investigated. The purpose of this study is to test the construct validity of: self-efficacy, engagement, and anxiety in mathematics. Once constructs are validated, models of relations among constructs were developed and tested. Method: A multi stage cluster sample (n=900: 420 females; 480 males) was selected from two Omani school directorates. The sample was selected from grades 6, 8 and 10 in Muscat and Aldhahira. Three measures were administered to intact classes. Results: The results revealed reasonable construct validity for each construct. Structural equation models indicated that self-efficacy significantly predicted engagement. Neither self-efficacy nor engagement was able to predict anxiety. Discussion and Conclusion: The implication of our results is that for programs and initiatives to promote engagement in mathematics, students should develop confidence in learning mathematics. Also, any program should assess students math anxiety and focus more on students with low to medium math anxiety since students in this category of math anxiety produce negative correlations between math anxiety and self-efficacy and between math anxiety and engagement in mathematics.
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Self Efficacy, Correlation, Mathematics Anxiety, Foreign Countries, Grade 6, Grade 8, Grade 10, Secondary School Students, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site: http://ojs.ual.es/ojs/index.php/EJREP/index
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 10; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oman