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Peer reviewed

Lix, Lisa M.; Keselman, H. J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1998

Comparison of six procedures to test for location equality among two or more groups when population variances are heterogeneous suggests that, when the variance homogeneity and normality assumptions are not satisfied, and the design is unbalanced, the use of any of these test statistics with the usual least squares estimators is not recommended.…

Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Estimation (Mathematics), Least Squares Statistics, Research Design

Peer reviewed

Brown, R. L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992

A Monte Carlo study explores the robustness assumption in structural equation modeling of using a full information normal theory generalized least-squares estimation procedure on Type I censored data. The efficacy of the following proposed alternate estimation procedures is assessed: asymptotically distribution free estimator and a latent…

Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Equations (Mathematics), Estimation (Mathematics), Least Squares Statistics

Peer reviewed

Wolins, Leroy – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1995

From 105 samples of 300 observations each and 87 samples with 3,000 observations each, constrained factor analyses of 96 normally distributed variables in a three-stage hierarchical structure were computed by maximum likelihood and unweighted least squares (ULS). ULS took less time and computer resources and led to better estimates. (SLD)

Descriptors: Estimation (Mathematics), Factor Analysis, Least Squares Statistics, Maximum Likelihood Statistics