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Koziol, Natalie A.; Bovaird, James A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Evaluations of measurement invariance provide essential construct validity evidence--a prerequisite for seeking meaning in psychological and educational research and ensuring fair testing procedures in high-stakes settings. However, the quality of such evidence is partly dependent on the validity of the resulting statistical conclusions. Type I or…
Descriptors: Computation, Tests, Error of Measurement, Comparative Analysis
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Huang, Francis L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Cluster randomized trials involving participants nested within intact treatment and control groups are commonly performed in various educational, psychological, and biomedical studies. However, recruiting and retaining intact groups present various practical, financial, and logistical challenges to evaluators and often, cluster randomized trials…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Sampling, Statistical Inference, Data Analysis
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Granberg-Rademacker, J. Scott – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
The extensive use of survey instruments in the social sciences has long created debate and concern about validity of outcomes, especially among instruments that gather ordinal-level data. Ordinal-level survey measurement of concepts that could be measured at the interval or ratio level produce errors because respondents are forced to truncate or…
Descriptors: Intervals, Rating Scales, Surveys, Markov Processes
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Lix, Lisa M.; Keselman, H. J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1998
Comparison of six procedures to test for location equality among two or more groups when population variances are heterogeneous suggests that, when the variance homogeneity and normality assumptions are not satisfied, and the design is unbalanced, the use of any of these test statistics with the usual least squares estimators is not recommended.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Estimation (Mathematics), Least Squares Statistics, Research Design